The cape buffalo is a massive bovine with sturdy legs. In contrast, its coat is sparse and coarse.Cape buffalo form family groups of 3-10 animals. However, they can also form herds of several hundred. The herd is directed by a female while an adult male has the dominant position. During the day they wallow in watering holes, rest in the shade or wander within their territory. They will not leave this area unless forced to do so. At night the cape buffalo feed, grazing on grass and hard reeds.