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Umm Al Qura
Means Mother of all cities this title is given by Allah (Subhana hu wo taala)= ( Holy is He above everything). Mecca city is alternative for Kaaba( House of Worship to Allah)
The First House of Worship chosen by maker of this EARTH for mankind.
Long time ago, in the land of Canaan (Iraq, Syria) Abraham dreamt that he should leave his 2nd wife Hajar and his eldest son Ishmael in a deserted place, with no greenery, he went to that place and left the wife and child as per his dream, his wife asked him is it your wish to leave us here in this life less Valley or is it the command of Allah. He did not turn back while answering, he said it is the command of Allah, his wife said; Allah is enough to take care of us. Abraham used to pray every time to Allah, please Lord send some people to my family and provide for them food and fruits, in response to that prayer (Allah called Ibrahim his friend) the institution of Hajj and the never exhausting well of Zam Zam came about, under the feet of crying Ishmael, his mother was running to get water for her thirsty son between the 2 hillocks Safa and Marwa, she ran 7 times and this well of water in the middle of the desert valley is the cause of people living in Mecca.
No ZamZam no Mecca, Abraham was habituated to visit his family from time to time and see their well being, when he saw they are happy and well provided, he made a cubical stone structure as guided by Allah and he called that house, House of God (Allah) and prayed to Allah to accept this work as suitable to his glory. This story is contrary to the belief that SARAH incited Ibrahim to leave Hajar in another city because she was jealous of her. This is very stupid noble, souls like SARAH and HAJAR or ABRAHAM who are friends of Allah do not indulge in narrow pursuits of life like you and me, SARAH is the lady who asked ABRAHAM to marry HAJAR because he loved children and maybe young HAJAR will give him his wish.
Abraham attachment with Ishmael and Hajar was diverting him from the worship of Allah and also to spread the children of Abraham in all corners of this globe, God saw it fit to order Ibrahim abandon them in the dry valley, which eventually became Mecca after the dream of Abraham sacrificing his son and eventually Allah accepting his efforts to fulfill that vision. Made the Hajj a thanks giving event for all people who have faith in Abraham and his religion.
Imagine people, who dont know the history of themselves and their fathers say unimaginable things about this event to suit their mind and its darkness, they attribute bad words to noble people like Abraham, Jesus, Isaac, Ishmael, Job, Jonas, Joseph, Moses and everybody their fancy takes to decline. Noble people are respected by GOD. Who are these useless tongues worthy of?
Anyway this is my weak knowledge story of Mecca and its significance, just from India a non Muslim country has 200,000 HAJJ pilgrims flying every year to Mecca. Imagine how many people are going to Saudi Arabia from all over the world. I dont have figures and I dont want to quote them, its a very modern city now.
The watershed table of whole of Arabian Peninsula is connected thru rills and channels to this well, even a drop of rain soaking in the sands of Arabia will eventually seep to the watershed area and springs feeding this well. The mineral quality of this water is well know, it is known to cure many ailments in the human body, this water has many useful stories attached to it. The Mecca tribes became prominent due to the vitality of this water.
MODES OF TRANSPORT
This is reason enough for all muslims to visit Mecca. To reach there land at Jeddah International Airport and there are so many Services to go to mecca : Government run Bus service it charges Saudi Riyals 10=00 to take you to mecca best mode I recommend.
You can go there in UMRA season, Heavy baggage is to be avoided, there are near Haram Al Shareef now paid bags holding areas, you can deposit your small bags there , around haram you have everything for every type of budget, 5 * Hotels, 4* hotels etc., Mecca City apart from haram has lot of good shopping malls and shopping complexes so now its a very modern City : catering to Visitors of all ages and all likings.
I recommend every muslim to visit once in their lifetime. I can go on and on with this review but these are some to the useful hints I wanted to drop.
Geographical location: Makkah is situated in the south west region of the sauidi peninsula. Climate: Hot How to get there: Good Air access to jeddah and local airport by most big Airways Accomodation: Ranges from a five star hotels like the Hilton through to 2 and 3 star places, otherwise excellent, prices vary depending on season and peak periods. Significance: Location of the most sacred place in Islam- The Kabah. History: Ancient- The prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was divinely instructed to leave his son Ismail and wife hajar there. Lateron as his son grew up He constructed the Kabah, A place of worship for Allah, the One God (The creator, sustainer, controller, He is not comparable to his creation). Just over 1400 years ago- A decendent of Ismail named Muhammad was apointed with prophethood & messengership. Through him the Quran (the word of Allah) was revealed. The Hajj - The pilgramige: This is the 5th pillar f Islam, it originates in the time of Ibrahim, it involves muslims from allover the world congregating at Makkah Common misconceptions: Muslims worship the kabah - rahter it is only a location of worship. Muslims belive God lives in the kabah - They belive it is His house as in His property, Muslims Belive Allah is above His creation above the heavens. Where to get more info on Islam: http://www.troid.org http://www.salafipublications.com Restricted access: Only muslims are allowed to enter makkah and madina, non-muslims can readily get hold of Hajj videos from most islamic book shops
There are lots of sacred places which different faiths believe in. all of these places are known as holy no matter what faith you are. ths kaaba in mekkah is the same. when i went there i couldnt believe that the kaaba had been made. it was very amazing teh way it mustve been built. also i found that there were loads of people there even thoigh it wasnt the time of hajj. this is a sacred time of the year when it is recommended taht muslims should come. this has to be perford by a muslim at least once in their lives providing that they can afford it. i also saw that everything was clean and tidy. i recommend taht you visit this very auspicious place.
"Mecca (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah, Arabic: مكة المكرمة) is the capital city of Saudi Arabia's Makkah province, in the historic Hejaz region. It has a population of 1,294,167 (2004). The city is located 73 kilometres (45 miles) inland from Jeddah, in the narrow sandy Valley of Abraham, 277 metres (909 ft) above sea level. It is located 80 kilometres (50 miles) from the Red Sea."