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Drugs in Sport (Doping)

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      09.09.2009 12:20
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      The lawyers decide sports fete.

      Whether Jamaica's Usain Bolt is taking performance enhancing drugs or not he is never going to test positive. If he did the sport would be finished. All the antics and ludicrous World records are ironically his insurance policy, the guy to big to fall now, and let's face it who wants him to be caught? He's amazing to watch and very exciting. There's no organised drug testing on the island and Jamaica has been repeatedly asked to set up a stronger system. Yes there's lots of natural talent and testosterone there but this doesn't feel right. Statistically it's almost impossible to produce so many quick runners unless you go down the taboo genetic road. Shame they cant convert some of these guys to fast bowlers for the national cricket team!

      It's long believed that the American athletes in the 1980s were protected by their own federation and allowed to cheat for Cold War political reasons, mainly because the other side-the Eastern Bloc-were. An investigation by an Orange County Register journalist who 'found' a bin full of 'mistakenly' discarded evidence back in the 90s suggested exactly that and resulted in many athletes being placed under suspicion since, nineteen American athletes allowed to go on and medal in the 80s and 90s who were running on the 'juice', including the great Carl Lewis for three minor but banned stimulants. In fact five of the last seven Olympic 100m champions tested positive at one point in their running careers, Linford Christie at an indoor meet at Berlin, of course. Only Canadian Donavan Bailey remains completely clean, surprising as he's now a qualified lawyer.

      Jamaica is the size of Somerset and has 2.6 million people living their, the 135th most populated country on the planet. It finished just behind the Americans in the recent World Athletics medals table, bagging 7gold medals, the women just as good as the men. Their overall medal count was more than all their previous 11 world championships put together. It's hard to believe they got that good that quick. They have to be cheating. Don't they?

      Five Jamaican sprinters have recently tested positive for a 'light stimulant', the one individual athletes always claim was in their cough medicine, two of them training mates of Bolt. Somehow Bolts name has been kept away from the controversy, guilt by association almost gagged in the athletics media; they too are praying he's clean. Again this guy is a world star, probably the biggest right now with Tiger in decline, sponsors, the IAAF and athletics promoters wanting and needing him to be the real deal. I personally really do think he's the real deal, able to get that six foot six frame to do things not seen before. It's not power that makes those incredible world records but the stride pattern and turn over of those legs. Big Linford Christie was the last six footer to break ten seconds but he was well into his thirties when he did. 100m guys are usually pocket rockets, 5, 8" of raw power. Then again I don't suppose it ever crossed the minds of coaches to trust 400m to run the sprints in major championships.

      The other big story from Berlin last month was the rather too muscular and thick necked 'Caster Semenya', the 'female' 800m runner who won the gold, but faced accusations just before the race (to clearly put her/him off her/his stride) that 'she' was indeed a 'he', which certainly seemed to be the case visually, and especially orally when she spoke on South Africa live TV at her welcome home bash, sounding like Barry White with a sore throat. You felt for the poor kid, as you did the other girls in the race, Caster winning by 20 meters in a time not seen since the days of Jemilia Krytchvelova, the man like eastern block runner who jogged to gold medals in the 80s. But where as it was proven the East German and Russian 'girls' were given a cocktail of drugs as part of state sponsored doping, Caster had the unfortunate bind of being born half and half.

      None of this business is her fault as the South African federation should have pulled her out before the championships. But they played politics and sent her, the guaranteed gold too much to turn down, resulting in the IAAF media people 'accidentally' sending an email to a sports journalist who immediately ran the story, a story, in truth, many of those hacks were following all year, expecting Caster to be pulled long before that warm Berlin night, knowing just how much her times had improved in the last year. As expected the South Africans played the race card and said this email was a move to destabilise her just before the race because she was black, which it probably was, the IAAF showing their anger that the South Africans had not gender tested her when repeatedly asked to and so dumping this issue on world athletics, but knowing South Africa would play that race card as they indeed did when it came to a head. Yesterday her coach said she was gender tested this year whilst the South African Athletics federation continue to deny they were asked to.

      The rules are complex on what makes a female athlete, and in place to stop women taking male hormones like testosterone to take on male characteristics and so extra power, what the East Germans did back in the bad old days. There are no claims that what's happened with Caster but she does have three times the normal levels of testosterone in her blood stream, that much we do know, which means she is technically a bloke. In her native South Africa she was recently struck by a police officer with one of those sticks they carry for entering a ladies toilet, he mistaking her for a male pervert. Quite simply if she took the test she would fail and so can't run. She has the ladies bits so can't run in the men's events either. It's unfair but the rule is in place to stop cheats and, more importantly, applied on equality rules that are fair to the rest of the female field, a point feminist commentators are not talking about. It does look like the IAAF will let her keep the gold in the hope this will all die down.

      It's not only athletics that is riddled with drugs, football and cricket recently in the news for steroids. Some super quick fast bowlers from Pakistan were recently banned for taking power steroids, resulting in all cricketers now being subject to World Anti Doping athletics style on the spot drug tests three times a year, which they aren't happy with, especially in India. Cricket's powerbase is in India and it will be interesting to see if they kick back and overturn this law on behalf of the players so not to jeopardise their sport, a huge earner in India. I kind of agree with them as cricketers are hardly fit athletes, beer and pies not ephedrine and syringes the order of the day there. Some professional cricketers have been known to like a certain type of drug but they certainly won't make them bowl faster.lol.

      Football in England, especially the Premier League, has kept their sport clean by employing the same testers that the athletes do but paying their wages. In this way the Premier league keep control of positives and get to see the results first and have cleverly built in a three hour warning system for clubs to get their players in place at the training ground, effectively a tip off for the clubs when the testers are coming, hence why Rio Ferdinand 'forgot 'to turn up for his test and why less than 0.01% of players have tested for performance enhancing drugs in the whole of football, or at least the ones we hear about. Social drug use also doesn't seem to come up on the particular litmus paper the premier league use either and the idea none of the players have taken cocaine is absurd. The lawyers have the game locked down from any bad press on drug taking in the premiership and even when Chelsea broke ranks and uncovered cocaine abuse by Mutu and Bosnich (presumably to off load them and not protect the cubs good name) through their own 'surprise' testing regime it was Chelsea who was fined by EUFA. If the lawyers say there's no rampant drug abuse then there's no rampant drug abuse. As cocaine takes just 24 hours to wash through your system what fun we would have with surprise testing Sunday morning across the league ladder.

      So far Paddy Kenny is the only positive test for performance enhancing drugs this year, big Kenny tossing up the perfunctory cough sweet excuse but still earning an 8 month ban. If you look at Patrick the only thing he has been taking is extra MacDonald's, a man who actually eats the pies thrown at him in goal! 90% of all positive declared tests for drugs have been outside the Premier League yet they are 25% of the league ladder? As we know from the corruption probes at five premier league clubs, these things go away as quick as they arrive, the product spotless once again.

      30% of downhill skiers claim to have asthma and it's a similar percentage in the Tour de France, Marathon runners, including our very own Paula Radcliffe, also claiming to have the terminal breathing condition. If you make that claim you can use inhalers, which some cynical sports hack say are purely to mask the real drug use and alos help to radically improve your breathing if you don't have asthma. A recent serge of rugby players claimed it was an inhaler that made them register high levels of a banned stimulant.

      Rugby is now making the news now for faking injuries and rampant cocaine abuse, of course, three or four guys owning up to taking it every other month it seems, more sure to follow as the season gets going. Some clubs could be using the surprise tests for cocaine like Chelsea did to offload expensive players and wage bills whilst others know they have a problem and so doing it now because everyone else is. What ever the rampant use of drugs is in sport there's too much money involved to bring that to an end. The world is never as clean as we would like to believe, especially in sports.

      http://www.thefinalsprint.com +why-do-so-many-athletes-use-asthma-inhalers/

      -Us athletes in the 80s-

      http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/04/17/1050172707806.html

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        24.08.2009 17:21
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        Dope in Sport - 100 Metres - Usain Bolt

        Dope in SPORT

        *Usain Bolt - The current World Record Holder 100 metres*

        Men's 100m result - World Championships 2009

        1 Usain Bolt JAM 9.58 (WR)
        2 Tyson Gay USA 9.71 (NR)
        3 Asafa Powell JAM 9.84 (SB)

        ------ -----
        - USAin Bolt?
        Over the last month we've been overly spoon-fed what the Doctor's involvement was to do with Michael Jackson's departure. This ultimately beams the magnitude of how the West has depended on drugs. Drug taking; whether prescribed or otherwise, is available for the rich and famous, and most definitely to the super-human whose sport makes it their livelihood to give their very best while on the world stage. This last week I've been stunned at witnessing the fastest man in history Usain Bolt's 100 metre performance at the World Championships. His time of 9.58 secs without the show-boating and banging on the chest before reaching the line, proves that he is untouchable when it comes to sheer power, and pure supremacy at that show stopper 100 metre dash; which commentators all agree as being the most exciting part of watching athletics. It may only take 10 seconds but in this case it is an amazing thing to be as quick as you can humanly be; so considering Bolt's remarkable feats, I'm pre-empting that an investigation will be made on Bolt's history making; especially as he was a competent 200 metre runner who came second in the World Championships in 2007; the meteoric rise has been vast and I fear his new found super-human stardom may be short-lived. It is part of human nature to review the means in which he performed by and to what level he has induced his body to, to come-up with considering what he has achieved. - I'm not saying he is taking any illegal substances but what I am siding with is that in reality all remarkableness is under scrutiny, from the initial media euphoria to the damning slander that has marred so many sportsmen careers.

        Usain is the new boy on the block; media storms are rising in the East. I've watched Usain's World Record sprints with absolute awe. - He is the ultimate being that looks completely untouchable at present. I'm one of the 1,950,000 hits on YouTube, well, actually its more like 10 to put it into perspective. The stride pattern changes when he reaches 45 metres; it is smoother and it is as if the first 20 metres is labouring almost, but thereafter the Ferrari booster then kicks in. By the time 80 metres advance there is a slight relax-ness that suggests this Jamaican has more in the tank. I'm not surprised there has been a huge rush to acclaim Usain Bolt as the most astonishing sportsman who has ever set foot on this earth - greater than Tiger Woods and Roger Federer; commentators and sports writers are claiming.

        - Is it a bird, a plane... No it's Usain!
        Let us hold back the plaudits for a few seconds here. Greatness has occurred and I'm one of Bolt's biggest admirers; I can even stomach his daft pointed arrow trade-mark stance; which he seems to do at every time a TV camera is within 20 yards, I'm not sure that is an OCD condition that can be brought on by excessive caffeine addiction or not. I'm fully aware that sportsmen carry trade-marks like how a WAG would wear Prada, so not all are chemically enhanced. - Unless its bottox and silicon of course, I was talking about the WAG. - The whole idea of cavorting down this euphoric blind alley is not helpful to an obviously very gifted man, it doesn't serve us well at all in the longer term; especially regarding the enormity of the occasion. - Usain is only 23 years of age and still has some muscle development left via age wise; that will possibly make bigger feats even more enduring. Then again the hype could take over and the burn-out claims could become sadly become too evident. The enhancement drug abusers are always one step away, especially as the world record breaking feats line up, looking like a typo error in the cold light of day.

        The scary demise of past record breaking 100M heroes makes for a seriously sad sound-bite. Few have gone through without being unscathed that is true, but the huge temptations whether it is for injury recovery or mindless stupidity the ultimate goal is for total immortality. Continuing breaking records, pushing their highly tuned body to the limits, to keep that euphoric status that completely consumes them. - The writers and commentators have short memories and they write for today and only that. - but you don't have to look too hard to see that the ultimate prize carries a price, and it starts with an urine sample, maybe a tampered test or a misunderstanding, for the 'house of cards' to fall around and then yesterday's hero is forgotten; as quickly as running the 100 meters. The stardom is a faded dormant memory. This must be always at the back of Usain's mind when stepping up to the blocks waiting for that gun-shot, maybe just for a mini second, but it is there if he knows his sport; the 100 meters is the most cursed lineage in illegal substance abuse. The faster you run the quicker you hit the line, going by historian lineage of the literacy kind.

        - Bolt out of the Blue
        In the pharmacy locker rooms, big names ring out, such as, Ben Johnson the Canadian who brought his whole nation into disrepute in Seoul 1988. His illegal record stood for three days at 9.79 seconds - All high on drugs and anabolic steroid induced, Johnson, the muscles from Canada was inflated illegally. In some ways I thought it actually hindered him in running as he drifted dangerously close to the next lane; while trying to extract power from the starting blocks, the world record was smashed and just like Bolt received ultra stardom, all for it to turn into a nightmare. The shock horror stories that through the whole event into disarray that followed, would have crushed any super-human's ego and career credibility. At the same time it was Carl Lewis who stepped for the and tried to clean-up the image of his beloved sport, and even him later their was an investigation into his own credibility due to his remarkably long career that involved him in '4' Olympic events in 3 Olympics for nearly 16 years; Lewis exclusively claimed after his own retirement that he himself had failed dope tests, well random dope ones and they had been concealed to the public; making all his achievements void, even though they do stand on record due to it being legitimate at the time of the event. It seems you cannot re-write history when history is locked in a time vault, along with failed drug tests.

        The string of names continues, as Justin Gatlin was apparently using an abusive substance that took his world record away without passing go and collecting 200 pounds. It was brief, so brief I'm uncertain whether even YouTube would have it, maybe worth a viewing. The 100M doesn't fill me up with hope of true sportsmanship, integrity, nor clean living. - Abuse is part of recognizing that dream, even to make the dream a reality the pressures of making it happen is vast. I tend to think the athletes generally are so focused that they're blinded by trust for their coaches; and it beggars belief what their own trainers and coaches induce to them. The seriousness always drops down to the actual abuser and never the trainer. The trainer walks away with all their credibility intact as the slip of into the shadows as the inevitable storm descends. - Our very own 'lunchbox' favorite Linford Christie was under great investigation that actually did blight his career, even though he was cleared of any wrong doing and apart from the anaerobic 'eye bulging' running style that had a surreal visual quality to the average man in the street; nothing was amiss. By being captain of the Men's UK team he was the cornerstone of integrity and publicly deplored any illegal substance abuse very strongly. It now looks as if we may view him on TV again, entering the entertainment arena in a sequined outfit with the forever young Bruce Forsythe in the next comings of 'Strictly Come Dancing'. The only testing being done would be held up by the '4' judges.

        - USA formidable women athlete Florence Griffith-Joyner (1959 - 1998) died of a heart seizure due to excessive drug abuse that wrecked her obsessive body at a relatively young age. Again, the enormity of her incredible career was bigger than the sport itself, as cover-ups and smoke-screens were systematically in-place for her subsequent substance abuse to continue through-out all her mockery accolades.

        - Bolt the stable door
        The grey clouds that don't seem that far away to shed darkness on the sport; what should be about ultimate will and pure natural 'real time' performance is key whereby only yourself is to blame on performance. It appears the hidden truth of total fraud is also part of the fiasco. Usain Bolt's performance is an incredible feat that I hope stands firm with the entire drug allegations that fly around athletes at regular intervals. Going by the hero's of the past which walked the walk and then fall at a hurdle, hopefully honest greatness shines through, when it comes to the real deal. - When it comes to being wise the sportsmen themselves lacks intelligence when drug abuse rears the ugly head with the white powdered Kerry Katona nose. 100M sprinters aren't known for their intelligence. Seb Coe who was Great Britains 1500 Metre and 3000 Metre runner, is the only known averagely intelligent man who has since gone on and been a good ambassador to Great British Track and field sports. Of course spear-heading Team GB in winning the bid to hold the 2012 Olympics in London against a not so strong Paris bid. - Coe still is that man with integrity. The fact that Usain Bolt has that likeability, the future is bright for the bolt of lightening that hopefully won't fade for Usain. - What is so noticeable at the World Championships is the masses that he alone draws in to view his performance. The pressures must be insurmountable for a young man. '5' investigations have already followed other fellow Jamaican athletes this last week, am I a cynic in thinking is this just another smoke-screen, that athletes appear to put their own career in question for the sake of their own home-land. If this is the case, there is a much bigger picture immerging which is currently underground, truth is stranger than fiction.

        © 1st2thebar 08 - 2009

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          20.10.2008 21:48
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          Juice them up and let them rip!

          It seems to me that prohibiting the use of drugs in sport, and especially in professional sports where there are increasingly large sums of money at stake, is unrealistic. Athletes are always going to try to get whatever advantage they can over the competition, and with lines over what is legal, and what isn't, being increasingly blurred by jumbled regulation and a rapidly advancing "supplement" industry, the notion of a "clean" sport is a joke.

          For years the testers have tried to catch the "cheats", but they are always at least two steps ahead - and its not a new thing. German athletes in the 1936 Olympics were given testosterone to improve performance. The winner of the marathon in the first modern Olympics collapsed just after the finish line having drunk a combination of strychnine and brandy to aid performance (God knows how!) during the race!

          One of the main arguments against drug use in sport is that is may damage the health of the athletes, and this is a valid argument - to a point. The problem facing sport is to balance the health of the athlete with the demands of the viewing public for ever more top-class sport. Athletes are being expected to perform at a higher level than ever before, and more often, and so they will obviously be tempted to use whatever aids they can.

          My suggestion is rather than test athletes for "drug use" and punish "offenders", lets allow athletes to use any product they want, and rather than test for "drug use" give the athletes regular medical checks. Rather than ban people for drug use, suspend athletes whose medicals show anomalies until they have recovered. Oral Anabolic Steroids for example increase the levels of various liver enzimes. If an athlete shows a high level of these enzimes, suspend the athlete until the levels drop.

          I want to see a sub 9 second 100m, but I don't want to see an athlete drop dead to do it. Let them use drugs, and let then get all the medical supervision they need. Then lets see the fireworks!

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            10.12.2007 22:16
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            I wasnt aware....whatever

            Working within the supplements industry, I have my own view on Doping. Doping being sportsmen/competitors taking illegal substances that are banned within their particular sport.

            As with all competitive sports supplements are required to ensure competitors can maintain a healthy lifestyle and to compete to the requirements that are expected of them, however some feel the need that in order to win, they need to take it one step further and use the like of anabolic steroids, knowing full well that their is a high chance that they will undertake a doping test after they have competed.

            Its obvious that everyone wants to be good at what they do best, but surely its more rewarding is you are achieving your goals through your own means and not substances that help you to achieve your goals and in actual fact, you be classed as misleading.

            In the Bodybuilding Industry, many athletes would like to consider themselves as gaining their physique purely through natural training and natural products. How many have?

            Within sporting competitions, athletes, sportsmen are quite aware of what they should be taking and what they shouldn't, its not an easy slip of I wasn't aware, trainers should be ensuring that they know what ingredients they are able to use that will ensure they will pass a doping test.

            The industry is very strange, majority of supplements being made within America as they use these on a regular basis and wouldn't think twice of purchasing protein bars as opposed to us in the uK, we would more than likely purchase Mars bars. Within America and other countries, certain substances are banned that remain legal within the UK and vice versa.

            In additional, doping free manufacturers specialise in making their products to the same standard as those what may not [pass a test, however these will, i.e. EAS in the UK, which is an extremely popular brand amongst rugby players.

            Whatever sport, you always want to be ahead of the competition, but remember success is not about what you take.

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              28.05.2007 23:57
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              performance is what matters

              Doping exists in all competitive sports. Major difference between clean and doped sportsmen is felt in track athletics more than in any other sport. Here, it is very competitive; few seconds of extra stamina of speed can make the difference between losers and winners. I can understand why athletes cheat. It is obvious and I can sympathise with an athlete who has cheated. Athletes cheat because winning matters. No one remembers or cares for losers. Winning is everything, athletes take part in sport to make a living; improving ones performance by any means is understandable but not acceptable.

              In other sports, competitors will take drugs to heal injuries faster, improve body condition, reduce injuries etc.

              Performance enhancing drugs are used commonly by most men in America. I think 1 in 3 American adult males take drugs to improve their physique.

              Should the sportsmen be allowed to take drugs? Sports authorities have to consider this very seriously because sports competitors will always take performance enhancing drugs knowing the consequences (bans for several years). Scientist is always ahead of the tester. To me it makes no difference about the ethics of a particular individual. Performance is what counts and if drugs are used so be it.

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                29.04.2007 19:37
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                not worth the hassle

                Sports doping is old as sports. Earliest records of cheating is Greek athletes eating sheep testicles.

                In the 19th century sportsmen took caffeine, cocaine, alcohol mixed with other substances. 20th century is worse for cheating in sports. Governing bodies took notice of this and in 1966 athletes competing in Europe were tested. Football joined in drug testing in 1966.

                began with the Greek athletes eating sheep's balls. Pharmacology advances in the 20th century has taken doping to a new level.

                Athletics has been most affected by doping. First tests in athletes were done in 1966. Other sports joined the campaign to eradicate doping, football joined in 1966.

                In the 70's and 80's many athletes from Eastern Bloc countries were systematically doped up to gain the vital edge. Incidentally Nazis were first nation to prescribe testosterone as part of preparations for 1936 Olympics.

                Ben Johnson shook the sporting world when he tested positive for banned substances. Some of the stuff used by him included human growth hormone as well as Dianabol, Cypionate, Furazabol.

                In 1999 World Anti-Doping Agency was set up. Since then hundreds of men and women have been caught cheating. Athletes, cyclists, footballers, cricketers, swimmers and weightlifters have all been rumbled.

                The lure to win is greater than pain incurred in taking drugs and disgrace that follows after cheating. Professional organisations such as Bay Area Laboratory Co-operative create doping agents for profits. Many athletes and sports people have died as a result drug abuse. The cat and mouse game between cheaters and sports governing bodies had always favoured cheaters. Set up of Internation anti-doping agency swung things in Governing bodies favour. This short term victory won't last forever. The next form of cheating will involve genes.

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                  05.04.2006 23:20
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                  Cheats are bad, but careful not to harm innocent people with mistakes...

                  I have some quite strong views on this topic but shall try to remain impartial... but starting with a question, why are drugs illegal in sport?

                  Drugs were initially illegalised in most sports due to the damaging effects it can have on an individual in the long run. Although performance enhancing drugs are designed to ensure a rapid increase in performance, be it adrenalin or other stimulation, they were harmful to athletes who were developing all sorts of problems after extended use. Steroids messes with your hormones and can leave women with male features and indeed men with too much stress on the heart leading to heart attacks etc... Either way its a premature death for the person concerned, often in a rather drawn out and painful manner.

                  So they were illegalised in sport, in the interest of the athletes. This then led to the question of unfair competition. Those who act against the rules of their sport are often gaining an unfair advantage over their opponents. A sprinter on steroids will have unnaturally strong muscles and be a blast off the blocks for instance. So came another problem, how do we monitor it to make sure nobody is using them?

                  Well, this will be an ever ongoing battle, and one that has turned almost farcical in my opinion. Firstly, there are clear examples where people can avoid detection by simply inventing new drugs that bypass the current testing methods. To avoid this, the authorities in each given sport have to invest in new testing techniques and keep up to speed on what drugs athletes are taking and what their effects are.

                  Here in lies another problem. A governing body cannot ban a drug until it can reliably prove that the drug has a performance enhancing effect. To do this they must firstly be aware of the drug, then they have to test it in various manners to ensure they can prove their findings, only then can they ban it. Having achieved this, they then have to find a test that can reliably detect it. All this takes time, time in which some athletes will almost certainly have gained an advantage.

                  My opinion is that drugs in sport are bad, and that the people who take them are simply out to cheat the sport and cheat the fans. I use football as a classic example. Adrian Mutu was fined by Chelsea, sacked, banned by the FA and also by FIFA for taking drugs. He was found guilty and was given a substantial sentence. Yet I see him on TV today as Juventus play Arsenal acting like nothing happened, still earning a paycheck that has more 0's per week than I will earn in my Lifetime. But how long did he manage to evade the authorities before he was discovered? And more to the point, why did he do it in the first place.

                  This is where my strict opinion starts to wane. In an ideal world, all drug users would be banned for life. But there are always circumstances that allow for some cause of argument about the manner in which they are taken. There are incidents (such as a Uruguayan team who I fail to recall the year) where it has been proven that the coaching team were knowingly 'spiking' the half time drinks to enhance their players performances. The players knew nothing about it. In this instance we have a dilemma.

                  The coaches are clearly in breach of all regulations, both in terms of sportsmanship, in terms of ethics and now, in terms of the law. But what about the players. They were guilty of trusting someone. They didn't knowingly take the drugs but they were clearly gaining an advantage from them. Indeed, they would continue to do so until the drugs left their system. It's really unfair to ban them, but also unfair to punish them with a ban when they have done nothing intentionally wrong.

                  Along this same contentious line, I have to draw your attention to the fairly recent discovery that headache tablets with the wrong mix of paracetamol can actually provide a positive drugs test under some authorities (notably Lindford Christy was found guilty, but later cleared). In these instances, athletes are presumed guilty until proven innocent, leading to a loss of earnings, sometimes a loss of prestige and a severe dent on their reputation. Fortunately Lindford won his case, but what of those without the funds to hire medical professionals and top lawyers, those who are just starting out in their sport with great potential?

                  Sport has a lot to attempt to deal with. It has the cheats who cause all the problems in the first place, the legal red tape that comes with trying to prove a cheat and the protection of those who are not cheating, but are implicated through the methods used to detect cheats being flawed in one way or another.

                  I feel there are certain things that could still be done to improve the situation in our current climate. Firstly I would look to the media coverage. At present, newspapers get a whiff of a drugs test and its front page, they may apologise in the middle pages later in the week but the damage will have been done. I feel that the media should be declined the chance to publish anything about drugs with a specific named athlete until after an appeal hearing.

                  Secondly, a fund should be set up to ensure that athletes get proper legal and medical assistance when found guilty. While this can make it harder to prove guilt in cheaters, even one innocent person mistakenly punished is too much. What if Lindfords case had been at the start of his Career? He would have never had his sporting life and the UK would have missed out on one of its world famous athletes.

                  Further, I would continue investment as it is on testing methods. While it would be easy to say 'pump in cash and perfect them', it would never be perfected as new drugs are always becoming available and new tests will always be needed. Money is a finite substance and investing more than is currently ploughed into testing would mean it has to come from somewhere... less sporting academies for instance? I dont want cheats to force the youth to do without...

                  With this change we would see better control and less destruction of individuals when it comes to incorrect drugs testing and protection of human rights.

                  Drugs remain the vain of the sporting world and are in no way supported by me, but in the same tone, I disagree with innocent people being caught in a trap - and this is far worse than anyone cheating.

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                    25.02.2006 11:53
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                    If you have to use drugs then you are not having fun

                    When people think of performance enhancing drugs they immediately think of anabolic steroids they don’t realise that lots of normal everyday foodstuffs, or over the counter remedies are classed as performance enhancing in some sports. I’m an amateur sports person i.e. I do sport for fun and fitness but enter running road races and play a team sport in a league. I have read up about performance enhancing drugs for many reasons. One of the reasons is to find out why some sports people get banned for taking cough remedies or pot, and how would these “performance enhancers” help them.

                    The best source to go to see what drugs is banned in which sports, and whether in and out of competition, is the World Anti Doping Agency (www.wada-ama.org). However you have to do your own research to find out why and in some cases it’s common sense.

                    The main types of performance enhancing drugs are:
                    Stimulants
                    ------------
                    1. Caffeine
                    Caffeine, yes the kind you get in your cup of coffee, is a performance-enhancing drug. It is suppose to help sports people who run, cycle and play sports like football by increasing alertness, decision making and endurance. In fact if you go to the UK athletics website you will see under the performance section an advert for a well-known caffeine based drink. However the side-affects of caffeine include increased nervousness, trembling and diarrhoea. Also caffeine is a diuretic, which is not good if you are sweating a lot, as you will get dehydrated. The International Olympic Committee have been banning, and then removing caffeine from their list of performance enhancing drugs for decades so unfortunately for some competitors they have lost medals for drinking too much coffee. Currently caffeine is not banned see www.wada-ama.org

                    2.Cocaine
                    Cocaine is illegal in most countries of the world, and is a stimulant leading to the speeding up of brain activity, heart rate and breathing rate. As the effects of cocaine are not long lived there would be no purpose in taking it as a sports person. One famous sports person banned for their cocaine addiction was Maradonna who subsequently suffered 2 heart attacks for cocaine overdosing.

                    3.Ephedrine
                    This stimulant is found in lots of cough, flu and cold remedies. It is banned by the IOC in urine concentrations of 10micrograms/ml. In my opinion if you are that sick to take a cold remedy containing ephedrine you shouldn’t be competing anyway.

                    Cannabinoids
                    ----------------
                    Hash, pot etc. is illegal in most countries and I cannot see the point of taking them if you are a sports competitor, as I cannot see how they would stimulate you or aid your concentrate.


                    Alcohol
                    ---------
                    According to the IOC this substance is illegal in certain sports, which is obvious as a drunken motorcyclist would be very dangerous. However in some sports such as snooker this drug could be classed as performance- enhancing as some alcoholic snooker players have admitted to drinking alcohol to calm their nerves. (Have a look at the BBC sport snooker section.)

                    Beta-blockers
                    ---------------
                    These work by reducing the heart rate and so are ideal for those sports where you want to reduce your hands and body from shaking i.e. archery, snooker. You are actually allowed to take beta-blockers out of competition in all IOC listed sports except for archery.



                    Anabolic Steroids
                    --------------------
                    Track and field athletics as become associated with a string of anabolic drug scandals. These range from the old Eastern block drug administration programs to Ben Johnson winning the 1988 Olympic 100 metres and then failed a drugs test for anabolic steroids to more recently the scandal of the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative. As most of the other reviews have listed anabolic steroids have some serious side effects including the case where Heidi Krieger, an East German athlete became a man, Andreas Krieger due to the amount of hormones given.


                    Hormones
                    ------------
                    Insulin and growth hormone have been used by body builders and are now being used by other sports competitors to aid in the build up of muscle. Both have serious side-affects and insulin could lead to sudden death.

                    Prohibited methods
                    ------------------
                    This section includes enhancement of oxygen take up which is well know to be used by cyclists doing endurance events like the Tour de France, this can be done by using drugs, EPO, or simply be a matter of increasing blood volume by transfusing own blood back before a race.

                    Pain killers
                    -------------
                    Included in this group are non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as ibuprofen and paracetamol. Each of these drugs has side effects e.g. cause stomach problems, and some people are affected in small doses whilst others will never be affected. Most sports people resort to using these drugs when they have minor sprains and pains, and still want to compete. However in recent times it has been advocated that taking NSAID’s before hard exercise will mean that you will be in less pain at the later stages of an event i.e. a marathon or afterwards.

                    Supplements
                    ----------
                    These include vitamin and mineral tablets and stuff like creatine. These are mention because the EU thinks that some of these supplements full under the drug category. Basic vitamins and minerals i.e. iron will aid any sports person who is not eating a proper diet. In some sports weight and diet control is really important and therefore participants are put on a strict diet if they are female they can be iron deficient so in cases like this taking a supplement is a good idea. However most supplements are a waste of money.

                    One well-known sports doctor, Dr Tim Noakes, makes the point in his books and articles on performance enhancing drugs that the main reason to take them in any active sport is to increase the speed of your recovery from training which in turn will allow you to train harder. Anabolic steroids, hormones and blood doping are the best methods to do this. However he points out that some of the benefits of some of the other drugs are simply due to the “placebo affect” i.e. your mind thinks that you will perform better taking this substance so you do.


                    Personally
                    ------------
                    Whilst some argue that all athletes should be allowed to take performance-enhancing drugs in the form of steroids, growth hormones and blood doping I would argue against it.

                    Firstly I have friends who trained in seriously in sports including speed skating, swimming, track and field athletics and gymnastics as children. Most of them started their serious training around the age of 10 and gave up serious competitive sport around the age of 18 for various reasons. As some under 18 year olds do end up competing with adults particularly in swimming and gymnastics you would be advocating giving these drugs to children who are still growing. The knowledge gained by noting the side effects of the East German sports doping regime would know that giving steroids to growing children leads them to suffer health problems for the rest of their lives. I am personally against taking performance-enhancing drugs because they can ruin long-term health and cause death.

                    However as I stated before I am an amateur sports person. I have drunk coffee a few hours before training and have used NSAID for minor injuries before matches to keep down a swollen ankle, when my team has had no subs. As I have a full time job if I am tired I have a habit of drinking coffee because with me one cup of filter coffee keeps me a wake for a long time. In fact I can only drink one cup of coffee a day otherwise I will get no sleep for that 24 hours. Will this have a long term affect on my health? If I keep drinking coffee I will eventually get really fatigued which is why in summer I stop drinking it. This is painful because for a few days I feel absolutely awful.

                    I like doing sports for the fun of doing it and the high you can achieve after doing exercise, and having to use pain killers numbs that pain. I personally think when you get to a state where you have to use drugs to perform then you have lost one of the reasons to enjoy sport.

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                      20.02.2006 15:42
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                      Dont Use drugs in sport

                      Should Drugs be used in sport. I know that some people think that drugs in sport is wrong that they should never be used in sport, or even in day to day life. On the other hand there are people that say drugs should be used because it is right to.

                      Me I would agree with both accounts and I am going to explain why.

                      Firstly I agree that drugs shouldn’t be used in sport because if people did use drugs then the people that work hard at the sport that they chose would be cheated out of something that they have worked hard for. Also people that use drugs in sport are probably the most pathetic people in this world because they have no dedication to that sport the only dedication is to that drug that they are choosing to use day in day out to get where the decent people of that sport are. At the TOP. I know people that have worked hard at their chosen sport and got what they wanted and I know people that have used things like steroids etc to get up to the top and my loyalty is with the people that have worked hard at it and got what they wanted.

                      Secondly I also think that in sports the drug checks should be more strict because you can get drugs that are unidentifiable, or even the chosen person could use that drug just once 2 weeks before the big match etc and when that drug test comes along then the drug is out of their system and has done what it is needed to do and gone. That’s not right. Also to use drugs in normal day to day life is wrong because it may make you feel good for like what ten minutes but there are no positive sides to drugs just negative ones. Because every needle you use, every pill you swallow, every line you snort, every sip you take you are bringing yourself closer and closer to death.

                      Thirdly is you don’t use drugs in sport and you do go far and you get what you want then you feel that much better at the end of it because you know that you have worked hard at what you have done and you deserve what you have. As where if you use drugs then if you do lift a big trophy or a Olympic gold medal then you are going to have that little person inside of you saying you don’t deserve this because you cheated yourself and you cheated the real champion out of their glory. I know that I could only withstand a certain amount of that before I broke down and said I don’t deserve it. Well I wouldn’t use drugs in the first place because I think that the only way that you really feel good about yourself is through hard work and completing them goals that you have set yourself.

                      I also said that I believe that taking Drugs in sport is right. Because I know that everyone wants fame and glory and if taking drugs is the only way you can do that then who am I to say don’t because sometimes the thrive for fame and glory is too strong for some people and they need drugs to feed that hunger. Also if a certain amount of people use drugs then you might as well let everyone use them in sport because the sports would be so much different like in the hope skip jump it would be hop, skip and where the f**k did they go.

                      Also the advantages are that everyone would be fit and ready to do any sport to perfection because all you would need to do is take a pill and that would result in every sport being more competitive and more interesting because everyone would want to win more because they would have more chance of winning.

                      I think in the future the amount of people that use drugs in their sport to succeed will increase because more people will get fed up of not being at the top of their chosen sport. I know that the percentage is low right now, but it will improve over time that is one thing that can be predicted by everyone.

                      My conclusion is that Drugs in sport is wrong and shouldn’t be used because the people that work hard at the sport will be pushed out of the lime light by people who use drugs to enhance their performance. I think that hard work and sweat is the only thing you need to achieve what ever you want. The only drug every one should be addicted to is hunger for glory and fame.

                      Thanks for reading hope you enjoyed my review.

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                        15.11.2003 18:53
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                        • "Wrecking Sport"

                        Sport is a strange animal. What started out as recreational, pleasurable pastimes, have now become more stressful and demanding than the working lives we were trying to escape in the first place. Have you been to a kids Sunday football match recently? Have you noticed the red-faced coach on the touchline, scolding his players, only a few BPM's away from a stress induced cardiac, Houllier style? Let's not forget the kids themselves, diving for penalties and spitting abuse at each other. We live in a world where winning is everything, and second means you should try another game. We are actively encouraged to believe that beating your opposition is the only ethos in sport, and if you can humiliate them in the process, go ahead, it's survival of the fittest after all. We are turning into sports capitalists! Look at the adverts for sports drinks (thanks for starting that one John Barnes), video games, or the lightest and most elegant football boots, with 3.751% more swerve than last year; anything sport related is presented in the same old testosterone-drenched format. We have bought into the whole ideal of simply bettering the opposition, and revering those who do the bettering better than us. Consequently, our sports stars are fast becoming organic advertising hoardings; the more they perform, the more hair products/clothing/car lubricants they sell; "Shop at Marks and Spencer, for the y-fronts of champions!" etc. etc. Sponsorship is key to the real megastars' early retirement, and their incentive to achieve is becoming increasingly distanced from love for the sport itself. The British 100m runner Dwain Chambers' recent public humiliation, regarding his use of the performance-enhancing steroid THG was no surprise really. If he did intentionally 'cheat', then we have to look at the reasoning behind it. I enclosed the word cheat in quotations because we have to dispute whether he is in a minority on the
                        100m circuit, or sport in general, that is using banned substances. After all, what defines a cheat? -Gaining an unfair advantage by breaking pre-defined rules - If his fellow competitors are using an alternative designer steroid, not yet discovered by the governing bodies (not unbelievable), was there really any advantage gained? I can see the lure of going down the steroid route. Imagine investing your entire life into ten seconds at the Olympics, where a fraction of a second makes the difference between obscurity in retirement; or a lifetime of endorsements, sponsorships, and TV appearances. Could you resist the temptation of taking something, suspecting your rival next door might unfairly take it all away from you if you don't? If my opponents suddenly started slicing chunks off their Personal Bests, I would be suspicious. Not that there is a real defence for taking steroids. It's an old argument, but being a role model carries responsibilities. There should be pressure on athletes to live up to their reputations as clean living and responsible people. But perhaps it's the general publics' fault for putting so much emphasis on being the best and nothing else. If athletes were rewarded more for setting personal bests, embracing fair play, or exceeding what was expected of them, maybe we'd see fewer examples of drugs in sport, and more of what sport is really all about. Lets face it, when was the last time we saw a surprise sliver medallist receiving their Sports Personality of the Year Award from Sue Barker? Or people with similar stories to Lance Armstrong, the American who recovered from Testicular Cancer to compete again, (he won the Tour de France 5 times consecutively as well, but I think that's a lesser achievement). No, we have special categories for those who fought disease to return to sport, and showed amazing courage in the face of adversity. The biggest prize is reserved for the OFFICAL winners, i
                        rres pective of the support or circumstances behind their achievements. Remember Eric 'The eel' Moussambani from Equatorial New Guinea, who qualified as the only entrant in his swimming heat at the Sydney Olympics? We all laughed at his ridiculous time, as he thrashed about in the water. Speedo picked up on this and sponsored him. But why? Not because of his courage or dignity in a difficult situation, but because he was crap. Ha ha - Speedo, geddit? Not funny. If we insist on blindly supporting the winner at all costs, we should be made to suffer the consequences, likewise the athletes. Drugs cheats should be allowed to compete, with the caveat of being exclusively sponsored by their chosen drug. Perhaps the fierce pride of Sprinters might be dented with "Powered by THG" emblazoned on their backs. Or maybe we could create a sub-Olympics, where all the cheats gather together to establish the greatest anabolic steroid known to man? There is no easy solution. Commercialism is intrinsically linked with sport. Unless we turn our backs on the marketing ploys and merciless branding, and force a return to Amateur sport, we are going to have to put up with it. I'm sure the vast majority of sportspeople out there are hardworking and clean, but the more money we pump into it, the more nutritional advisers, coaches, and managers will climb on the backs of the top performers, wanting their slice of the pie. Unless these people are regulated and affiliated with some official organisation, the drug culture could escalate out of control. I don't think it's too late to save sport from the ugliness of chemical cheating. But it will require a concerted effort from the public, athletes and governing bodies to reassess what sport is all about first.

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                          06.02.2003 03:39
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                          • "false abilities"

                          I did this for my AS level biology coursework but it is quite good and faces a lot of important issues to do with the subject of drugs in sport so i thought I'd share it with you. Ever since the first Olympics in ancient Greece athletes have been willing to take extraordinary measures, including use of drugs, in order to win a coveted gold medal. Athletes come under huge pressure from many sources to take drugs in order to improve their performance. Possibly the most notorious of all drug incidents came in the 1988 Olympics when Canadian sprinter and two times world record holder Ben Johnson won the gold medal. It was later discovered that he had been using anabolic steroids to increase his performance. He was then stripped of his gold medal and condemned by the media and public. A more recent case of drug taking was when the Festina cycling team were disqualified from the Tour de France after a large amount of Erythropoietin, more commonly known as EPO, was found in one of their team cars during a stage of the race. There are many different performance-enhancing drugs available all of which will provide an unfair advantage to the athlete. There are many advantages they will get from using the drugs. They may be able to raise their standard to enable them to compete at a higher level and therefore receive more prestigious or greater as a result, or they could also achieve more fame. However these advantages sometimes come at a huge price. Depending on what they drugs they use they could be putting their health at risk. They could also lose all the progress they have made before using drugs, for example if caught using drugs they may have their medals taken from them and could be banned from the sport in which they compete. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) bans most performance enhancing drugs. Generally this is because of the unfair advantage that those athletes who use drugs get. It is also said to be against the O
                          lympic ideals of amateur sport and fair play. Perhaps the most well known class of drugs is anabolic steroids, which work to increase muscle mass. The body naturally produces steroids, testosterone in men and estrogens in women. However, it is when extra steroids are injected into an athletes body that their muscle mass will increase dramatically. Steroids do this by stimulating the muscle and bone cells to make more protein which is then used in muscle growth. Some of the side effects associated with anabolic steroids include jaundice, enhanced male characteristics (hair growth, deep voice), and it can also lead to infertility in both males and females (www. howstuff works.com) A commonly used body building drug is Human Growth Hormone (hGH) which works in a similar way to anabolic steroids to increase muscle mass using protein synthesis. However hGH also breaks down fat cells which affects normal body metabolism. Use of hGH has increased recently because it is incredibly difficult to detect it. If Insulin is taken in conjunction with either hGH or anabolic steroids the result is even stronger than if they were to be taken alone. This has now become common practice among cheating athletes and unfortunately it does increase the likelihood that harmful side effects will develop. Drug use is not only confined to the power events, there has been a huge increase recently in the number of substances that endurance athletes such as distance runners, cyclists and triathletes can take. EPO is a protein hormone secreted by the kidneys during periods when there is a lack of oxygen in the body. It stimulates the bone marrow to produce up to 10% more red blood cells (www.howstuffworks.com). This is particularly useful to endurance athletes as it allows their muscles to work in aerobic conditions for a longer time before they have to resort to anaerobic respiration which creates lactic acid causing cramps and pain. One recent high profile case involv
                          ed Russian women?s 5000m-world number one, Olga Yegorova, who was found guilty of using EPO. She had tested positive for the substance but, through a legal loophole, had been unable to be tried for its use in front of an IOC drugs committee and was subsequently allowed to take part in the World Championships. This naturally angered other athletes and at one point the Romanian world record holder , Gabriela Szabo and Britain?s Paula Radcliffe threatened to perform a sit down protest at the starting line unless Yegerova was removed from the competition (www.iaaf.com). Another major use of drugs in sport is to cope with pain from injury so that the athlete can continue competition even with the injury. Examples of these drugs would include Cortisone and local anaesthetics. While the IOC does not ban these drugs, as there is no unfair performance advantage gained, their use is restricted. This is because if an athlete receives an injury it is their body?s way of saying it has had enough. By restricting their use the IOC is preventing athletes from getting further injuries as a result of exercising an already damaged muscle. Another commonly used group of drugs in sport is diuretics. Diuretics are often used to treat high blood pressure. However, they are also useful for controlling weight which is especially useful to jockeys, boxers and any other athlete who has to control their weight. Diuretics control weight by acting on the kidneys to increase the flow of urine. Diuretics have another sinister use which is to mask the use of other drugs by diluting the urine. There have been huge advancements made in the testing of athletes for drugs, and most of the drugs used can now be detected with a good rate of success. However, at the same time there has also been a progression in the number of ways athletes are able to hide their drug use. There has now developed a new race between the drug taking athletes and their unscrupulous medical advisers and t
                          he sports governing bodies. It seems to be for every new test developed there is always a way found to avoid being caught and at present it seems as if the cheats are winning the battle over drug taking. In my view drugs ruin sport because they destroy fair competition by creating two classes of athletes, one which consists of clean athletes and one which comprises drug cheats. There is also another effect which I feel is equally important. With the number of high profile cases of drug use constantly in the media these athletes are setting a bad example to younger generations many of whom will grow up to have a cynical view of sport. I have mentioned a few cases but there are countless others. There are two main ways I can see of stopping the use of drugs in sport. The first is to increase the amount of funding that goes into development of effective tests and then if an athlete is found to be using drugs they should be banned from competing any further no matter who they are. Secondly, an education program should be started to show the harmful effects which these drugs produce in sport and sportsmen and women.

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                            27.01.2003 21:38
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                            I heard a suggestion on a comedy program that drugs in sport should be legalised, but you shouldn't be allowed to chose what sort of drug you are going to get, which is an amusing idea if totally unhelpful. I think the first thing to ask is, what is sport about? If sport is just about who can go the fastest/furthest then obviously any enhancement at all is a benefit and should be encouraged. This route would lead sports generally down the path car racing seems to have adopted - the driver being secondary to the high powered kit. It would become a race to see which countries could develop the best drugs and force the best athletes. We might just push the human body to new levels (and there is some evidence to suggest we aren't going to keep getting new records for much longer, there's a limit to what you can currently do with a person). On the road to building faster, stronger people, there might be some serious casualities. On the flip side, what about someone in modern sports who needs medication for some minor ailment and who is thrown out for inadvertently taking a banned substance? It hardly seems fair or reasonable. So often, a banned athlete will claim they jsut took a cold remedy or some other insignificant drug, entirely unaware that something banned was lurking in it. My first thought is that athletes and coaches need far better information about which ordinary, every day drugs for ailments they can and cannot safely use. I think the treatment of possibly innocent accidental users can be a tad harsh, but better that than encouraging the taking of drugs. I'm no expert of sports science, but have always felt that the less you tamper with a person, the better. There are drugs that wil encourage rapid muscle growth and the like, that may enhance performance, but I suspect most of them come at a cost. Most drugs do have side effects after all. My personal opinion is that sports should not be about big money, a
                            nd winning (which is the direction they are going in) they should be about honourable participation and enjoyment. Hars work matters - the effort of the individual to reach the peak of their abilities, the discipline involved and the determination are all good things, and set good examples for the rest of us to follow. We have a culture in which child obesity is on the rise, it might help to put the emphasis in sport on having a go rather than making being the best the only thing that matters. I remember enough sports teachers telling me that it was the joining in that counted, and then getting cross with me because I am not designed for short bouts of rapid movement, but that's another story. The more big business and large amouts of money get tangled up in sports, the more erpssure there will be for spectacle, new records, drama and inevitably, drug taking. Drug taking is in part a symptom of a changing culture in sports and media, one that feeds upon winners and has little time for those who want to just join in.

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                              02.11.2002 22:29
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                              no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever. no doping please. doping is bad. doping is very bad. doping is the worst. believe me. i am right. sure. 100%. forever.

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                                13.09.2002 15:53
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                                I believe that not only should there be MORE drugs in sport, we should go that one step further and allow genetic and surgical enhancements, so that we can manufacture perfect sportsmen. Imagine a day when the rules say "anything goes" how much more entertaining would that be from the spectator's point of view. Cricket Report *********** At Lords today, Mike Ricketbatt caught out the whole of the Indian Team within the first three overs. This was Mikes first international since his recent injection course using a drug derived from the blood of German Shepherds. The Indians did formally enter a complaint due to the build up of spit on the ball as Ricketbatt continued to catch the ball in his mouth and deliver it expectantly to the batter he had just caught. Even when the Indian Captain tried to score a run, Ricketbatt, still suffering minor side effects brought the surprised captain down quickly but efficiently by his arm. The officials finally had no choice but to ban him for three matches following something described as "unnecessary licking of the balls". High Jump ******** It was a historical day for high jump fans everywhere today as the successful cloning between a human and a household flea took to the international stage at the commonwealth games. Steve Ucker, turned out for Scotland in what was to be hopefully a shattering of the World Record since a flea can jump around 130 times its own height. Tragedy struck, as 6ft Ucker jumped almost 800 feet in the air and came down like a stone. As he landed, he shattered every bone in his body and proceeded to suck up all the blood that poured from his multiple wounds. He swelled up to 4 times his original size and then expired. 200m **** Ireland won gold when their entrant Leo Pard, broke the world record once again to set a time of 5.91 s
                                econds. Pard, who six months ago had the hind legs of a Cheetah grafted onto him, beat his UK rival, Grahame Howned into the Silver Medal spot by just a hundredth of a second. Howned, who has undergone genetic modification using the DNA of a racing dog unexpectedly, broke his nose on the gold medalist's behind when Pard stopped suddenly after the race. Despite a broken nose, Howned continued to sniff for some time before officials separated them after he congratulated the nervous looking Pard by humping his leg. Football ******* Manchester United were European Cup Winners today after a last minute goal by new signing Don Quay. Quay who has the right leg of an Ass didn't see the goal go in as he was facing the opposite direction when he struck the winner with the sole of his boot. A typical Mancunian at heart, Quay was quoted as braying later "Eee Arrr, mate, wuz a good goal innit?" Swimming ********* The national championships, 400m freestyle, turned into a blood bath as John Aws, the man you may remember who was cloned using the cross DNA of a Great White Shark and Human, may have discovered some strange side effects. He calmed down later and offered his condolences to the families. He was ushered off somewhat embarrassed when one of the reporters pointed out that he had a piece of the Sheffield entrant stuck between his teeth Wrestling ******** The WFF Title was up for grabs again last night as the title holder "The Bear" was stripped of the belt. The WFF official we spoke to said, "I think genetic modification has been good for the sport, apart from the fatalities - however, we received scientific proof last night that "The Bear" has not in fact got any human DNA in him at all and is purely and simply a bear in a pair of tight pants". "The bear's" manager Mickey regretted the attempt to pull the wool
                                over fans eyes, but assured that his prodigy did have training in Russian Dance and would now be looking back to his roots. And Finally ********* It would appear that sport is not the only thing to benefit from the relaxation of the laws on genetic, drug and surgical enhancements. The flying squad section of Scotland Yard, annoyed at recent cut backs to the police budget have decided to take matters into their own hands. Several volunteer officers have had albatross wings surgically implanted to aid mobility around the busy Capital. They have also had Seagull injections, to prevent the body rejecting the new additions. Detective Inspector Duncan Down says that it will allow officers to reach the scene of the crime much quicker and therefore cut down response times and crime rates. He had no comment to make on reports that officers were seen flying past the budget committee's car park with their trousers around their ankles on Friday last week. Several Officers have been suspended pending a forensic examination of "Suspicious White Substances" on the senior chairman's BMW. This opinion was donated to the FORCHARITY account by JonnyPhoenix. If you'd like to read more about this initiative go to the FORCHARITY profile page where all will be explained!

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                                  24.08.2002 12:51
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                                  What are some of the consequences of using performance enhancing drugs in sport? And should use of performance-enhancing drugs be allowed in sport? Consequences of using drugs in sport, many mostly bad ones. Should the use of them be legalized? No way. The use of performance enhancing drugs in sport should remain banned. I will start by listing and explaining the positive aspects of using performance enhancing drugs in sport. Practically the only reason people watch sport is to see a high performance level of the sport that they like best. By legalizing the use of performance enhancing drugs in sport the IOC and other bodies would be providing what their main fans want, and who are fans, the public the people who watch what the IOC and others puts on their TV screen. This action would increase their publicity and popularity hugely. If the sporting bodies did legalize the use of performance enhancing drugs they would save and pull in more money that if they were still carrying out drug testing. What many people don’t realize it that the IOC and the Common Wealth Games organizers spend hundreds of thousands of dollars of funds a year on drug testing the athletes that are taking part in these events. If drugs were legalized the sport companies would be able to spend the money formally wasted on testing on better things such as improving the Olympics and the Common Wealth Games and the athlete’s facilities there. Also the use of such drugs such as steroids is not a sort of “ACME INSTANT MUSCLE PILL” is merely gives you the power to train harder and lets your muscles repair more quickly. Now I will list and explain the negative aspects of using performance enhancing drugs in sport. One of the main fallacies of using drugs in sport is that most of them can and most of the do cause organ failure and even sudden death in some cases. This is a huge deterrent and one of the main reasons performance enhancing drugs shou
                                  ld remain banned for sport. The use of performance enhancing drugs may also cause Cancer and Heart disease. Another negative point is that the cost of drugs is horrendous and can put a athlete seriously in debt if he doesn’t have a large income. And at the end of the day the buying of these drugs only strengthens the black market. One more point that can really put athletes off is the major testosterone rush you can get from taking anabolic steroids. This rush gives males larger breasts and their ahhem gets smaller, the effects in females are as follows, the breasts get smaller and their hair in certain regions get for lack of a better word, abundant. I have now summed up the most important facts about drug use and now I will tell why drugs should remain banned in sport. Drugs should remain banned in sport because it is impure, people do watch sport to see the highest level of it and taking drugs to do that is not making it higher it is degrading sport into something that requires no skill to participate in, in other words it would improve the sport it would ruin it. Wouldn’t an athlete get more satisfaction after winning a race if he had run it on his own back and hard work, rather than if he had just taken some speed before the race in order to win. You see not only does the public get to see good clean ball the athletes get a feeling of self achievement that they could not get if they took drugs unless they get a kick from having just cheated to win something. And this is why the use of performance enhancing drugs in sport should remain completely and utterly banned.

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                                  In sports, doping refers to the use of performance-enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids, particularly those that are forbidden by the organizations that regulate competitions. Some doping substances, however, are permitted in low doses (alcohol and caffeine). Another form of doping is blood doping, either by blood transfusion or use of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO). Also considered doping by many is the use of substances that mask other forms of doping. Currently, tetrahydrogestrinone (THG) and modafinil are causing controversy throughout the sporting world, with many high profile cases attracting major press coverage as prominent United States athletes have tested positive for these doping substances. Some athletes who were found to have used modafinil protested as the drug was not on the prohibited list at the time of their offence; however, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) maintains it is a substance related to those already banned, so the decisions stand. Modafinil was added to the list of prohibited substances on August 3, 2004, ten days before the start of the 2004 Summer Olympics. In recent years, gene doping has been reported as being an emerging form of doping. Gene doping would be very difficult to detect as well as permanent and irreversible.