* Prices may differ from that shown
I received this as a gift this Christmas. I often have friends and family over for a little get together/ catch up and will lay on food, so I'm guessing this is the reasoning behind this gift being brought.
As this was a gift I was unsure of the purchase price, but a quick Google search and this can be found in Argos and Amazon for around £30-£35. Cookworks is a common Argos brand so I am sure that mine would have been brought from here.
IN THE BOX
Firstly on top is your instruction manual. This is only a couple of pages, but it gives you the safe guard rules, assembling instructions, how to use the fountain, care and maintenance and lastly your electrical specifications. Although the booklet is small it does tell you everything you need to know.
Then you receive the actual base unit of the fountain, it's a lot heavier than I would of imagine so do make sure you have a table to set it up on. There are then 5 parts which make up the top of the fountain.
It is advised to clean all of these parts before first use.
The instruction booklet does give you very thorough instructions on how to set this up. However I found the whole thing quite self explanatory and simply skimmed over the instructions before putting it together myself.
You are given a part called the Auger, this looks like a giant corkscrew. At the bottom of this is an indented triangle which allows it to be slotted into the main base unit. The next piece is called the tower base, this simple slides over the Auger, and onto the 3 prongs protruding from the base. The remaining 3 parts are the large and small dome, and then the top piece. These are the parts in which the chocolate flows over. These fix onto the tower base, each section is clicked securely into place.
The whole setup was very easy, and it only took me a couple of minutes. This included the time it took skimming the instruction manual. So it practically takes no time at all, which I thought was great.
In order to use this 900g of chocolate and 150ml of vegetable oil is required. That is a lot of chocolate, I did look fairly strange going to my local supermarket and picking up 9 bars of chocolate. Not only did I look rather greedy, but it did cost me quite a bit. For a 100g bar of Cadburys Dairy Milk it will set you back about £1.40, so needing 900g you can see the cost mounting.
Before the chocolate can be put into the fountain it needs to be melted. I just place mine into a microwaveable bowl along with the vegetable oil, and melt it in the microwave. It's a lot quicker than melting it using a pan.
Whilst the chocolate is melting the bowl in the base unit needs to be heated, this is done by the switch on the front which can be turned from off to heat then to heat/flow once the chocolate is melted. The bowl needs to be heated for at least 3 minutes before adding the chocolate.
Once the chocolate is melted you pour the chocolate into the main bowl to just below the top. Then turn the switch to heat/flow and bobs your uncle the chocolate should be flowing.
This was again very easy to do; the instructions are very easily followed. It doesn't take a brain surgeon to work it out anyway. The process is very quick so is great for a party, or gathering.
The fountain sounds great up till now doesn't it? Well here's where it goes downhill. On the box it states 'easy to assemble and clean' assembly yeah that is very easy, but cleaning? Easy? I don't think so. As you can imagine after using 900g of chocolate you will end up with a lot of left over's. All parts are covered in chocolate and you are instructed to wipe of the remaining chocolate with paper towels. The chocolate is very sticky so the towels rip very easily making even more mess. Your hands get totally covered in the chocolate, as you can imagine.
You are then advised to place all parts in hot soapy water. (Note these are not to be washed in a dishwasher) The parts were not easy to clean at all, especially the Auger. The chocolate clung to every spiral of that. I had to replace to water several times during the cleaning process and my sink was left in an awful chocolate mess after every time. I washed the parts time and time again but they still came out looking and feeling very greasy.
At the end of it all I was sick of the sight of chocolate!
ANY MORE NEGATIVES?
When using the fountain I found that very often the chocolate would not flow consistently. It would seem as if it was struggling to pump the chocolate through. This is noted in the instruction manual, so this means that they are aware, but it was happening to often for my liking, and spoilt the whole effect somewhat.
Before first use I was excited to get this started. However I've been very disappointed with the whole unit. It's very expensive to use, firstly the initial outlay for the 900g of chocolate, you then need all the extras to dip in. Such as strawberries, marshmallows, bananas and whatever else you desire.
The inconsistent flowing spoiled the whole effect for me, and I spent half of my time trying to rectify this. Which got very tedious.
Then the worst factor of all the so called 'easy' cleaning. This become a nightmare and has put me off of using this again. Although the set up is very quick and easy, the dissembling and cleaning processes was very time consuming and hard work! After all the time I spent cleaning it, the parts still didn't look clean but in the end I gave up!
I can only give this one star, it looks good at first but it doesn't last!
I bought my Cookworks Chocolate Fountain from Argos just before Christmas. I wanted to have it for New Year. The price was discounted to £19.99, which I thought was a great buy. My new purchase was intended mainly for my grandchildren.
It came well packaged in a large box. I found it very easy to assemble, using the instructions supplied. Having never used a chocolate fountain before, I was surprised to read on the instructions that vegetable oil was to be used. There were clear instructions on the ratio of chocolate to vegetable oil. I followed the ratio exactly and have to say that there was no oily taste.
The first time I used the fountain I used Belguin chocolate which was quite expensive. Since then I have used Cadbury's Dairy Milk. I can honestly say I could not taste any difference.
Although the fountain was purchased with my grandchildren in mind, I have to say that it was enjoyed by the entire family. Despite being small in size the fountain can serve up to twenty people easily. The chocolate flows freely and stays at a lovely warm temperature.
I buy the wooden skewers in the supermarket and these are ideal for use with marshmallows,strawberries, apple or any other fruit you want to coat in chocolate. It is a good idea to put some kitchen towels on the table round the fountain to collect the drips of chocolate. As soon as I am finished using the fountain,I switch it off and I wash all the parts immediately. This is to avoid the chocolate setting and making the cleaning up task much more difficult.
This fountain is one of my great buys and I am certain I will use it many more times in the future.
We bought this chocolate fountain for £24.99 from Argos, but I understand is cheaper from M & S at £19.50. It was for my sister's birthday last month, where we served it with fruit, marshmallows, meringue etc - basically anything we found lying around the house.
The chocolate was delicious and kept continuously warm, with the temperature ranging from 40-55 degrees Celsius. It took minutes to assemble, and looked particularly catching in co-ordination with our chrome kitchen. The appliance itself is smaller than I had originally expected, but size isn't everything - and hey it melts chocolate.
After an entertaining, belly-busting night, we found it a struggle to move never mind handle the cleaning-up. Alls I can say is I pity whatever poor sod was left with the washing up. Having loaded our chocolate mixture with buckets of oil to get it to at least an acceptable consistency of 'flowiness', (luckily it didn't affect the taste), several hours later, the (now rigid) mixture was so greasy, it was like mission impossible to get it remotely clean again.
Along with this we had to use A-LOT of chocolate to get it going, most of which ends up wasted every time, as no matter how many people are using it, no man (or machine), could ever manage anything more than a few dippings, and if you tell yourself you can, take it from be you'll be very sorry. By the end of the night, you can be certain you'll be absolutely plastered in chocolate, no matter how careful you are.
So, all in all, I have to admit it, despite the waste and cleaning part, its certainly worth the price and makes an excellent addition to any party or special occasion, but I wouldn't recommend for use on a regular basis, unless you enjoy the aspect of being encased in chocolate whilst rigorously scrubbing at the thing for and hour or two - be my guest!
This chocolate fountain from cookworks, is great! You can buy it for £20.36 on amazon, and it is definatly worth the money! The temperature ranges from 40°c to 55°c. This keep the chocolate nice a hot for a very long time!
It has two heat settings, which are heat and heat + flow. Which means you can just keep the chocolate hot whilst you're not using it, so you dont have to have it flowing all the time.
It tastes great with strawberries and all other kinds of fruits, aswell as donouts, fudge, marshmallows...! There is so many foods that taste delicous with it!
A down point on this chocolate fountain is although it says it is easy clean, it is not. As you have to add oil to the chocoalte to keep it flowing, it makes the chocolate even worst for you and the grease is hard to wash off. The chocolate fountains comes apart from the base making it a bit easier to wash, but still very messy!
You find yourself with a lot of wasted chocolate when you are finished with it, as you have to melt a lot to make it flow properly.
This recent released gadget is aimed at chocolate lovers for obvious reason lol and has been sold worldwide.
What many people don't know is that this invention was first designed and produced in 1928 by a man called Ben Brisman but it wasn't until 2004 they became used wide spread over England.
If you are known for throwing parties then this unique chocolate fountain is for you and will have your visitors going crazy for it. They come with skewers which can easy be bought when run out (kebab skewers can also be used) and the idea is to put strawberries, bananas, marshmallows or what ever you can get your hands on onto the skewer and apply it in the streaming chocolate fountain which gives you a layer of chocolate on your desired item.
*A variety of different chocolate can be used with this machine, however some more solid chocolate may need oil added to help them to melt.
This product ranges in prices however mine cost me just £20 which I believe is excellent value. This version of the chocolate fountain is much smaller and more compact then other leading brands which makes it easier to store. It is also extremely light weight enabling it to be carried around easily by all. It is relatively quiet when in operation however you can hear a faint humming noise.
As well as all these advantages there are also a couple of negative points about this fountain. Firstly it is quite difficult to clean as the chocolate tends to get everywhere and solidifies when it cools down. The tray however is removal which causes it to be washed more easily and prevents any risk of electric shocks.
The chocolate can also get very hot so it not very suitable for children unless supervised by an adult.
In conclusion I would say that this chocolate fountain is very versatile and a more appropriate and modern way to melt chocolate. It also is ideal for those of you who regularly throw parties and is a good talking point.
Johnyy Depp is just one of the sexiest men in the world, and Im sure Im not the only woman out there who wouldnt mind a little liason with him, but unfortunatley for me, my M&S Chocolate Fountain is the closest I will ever get to him.....Willy Wonka, get it? Aaah I think I have eaten too much chocolate and it has gone to my brain! Never mind!
Retailing at £19.50, the fountain looks nice and stylish, and wont be out of place in a modern kitchen. You can get special "beans" of Belgian chocolate to melt, or simply your favourite slab of chocolate. You warm it in the base of the melting pot, and then it gets carried to the top of the fountain and spills over to create a quite nice looking effect.
In this melted warm chocolate heaven, you then dip strawberries or marshmallows, and just indulge yourself.
It is a fun thing to do on a night with friends, but it is obviously not an item you will use everyday. Apart from the fact it is obvioulsy not too good on the thighs, what really puts me off the most is that it can be a pain to clean afterwards, but that is not a problem of the manufacturer, merely to do with the fact that mleted chocolate is sticky, and just goes everywhere.
So even though it is a fun item to have, I can see it become one of those white elephants in a cupboard that I will rarely use.
Setting up is quite easy, and it all looks great and I couldn't wait to get stuck in.
Chocolate, the whole concept of eating that much chocolate is great.
You can heat the chocolate in the base without having it moving while it is still lumpy.
The flow, it doesn't seam to flow very well and can just all trickle in one line down one part of the fountain so you can not place food into the flowing chocolate to taste it.
Is it thin enough, with some types of chocolate you have to put sun flower oil in with it to make it flow through the system, which then alters the taste of the chocolate.
Putting it away, this makes a real mess, and I ending up with a chocolate covered kitchen when I did it, as i removed the outer and turn on the central spinning column. (oops)
When I set up my new Chocolate Fountain for the first time my mouth was watering. I could just imagine all those strawberries and bananas dipped in molten chocolate. Never mind the sticks, it would be quicker with a fork. It was almost dinner time, but never mind, I'd have a liquid chocolate lunch for change, as opposed to the other kind of liquid lunch that I have been know to partake of on the odd occasion.
Putting this machine together is simple. You just slot the two halves together and locate the controls which are simply two buttons. One of these is to heat the chocolate and the other to get it flowing over the fountain.
You can buy packs of special chocolate which is thin when it melts if you look on the internet but I decided to experiment with different kinds.
Bourneville plain is my favourite so I tried this first. It takes a long time to melt in the bottom of the machine so a quick blast in the microwave will help to soften it and start it off. Don't burn it though.
Some chocolates are very thick when melted and don't work well in a fountain so you might need to add a tiny bit of oil to the melted chocolate, just to get it flowing.
This was a tasty treat but I thought it got boring quite quickly. After all, you can only eat so much chocolate at a time and warm, runny chocolate can be quite sickly, even for a confirmed chocoholic.
These machines are great for kids parties, or to give them something on a wet day. Provide some fruit and they will enjoy dipping it into the chocolate for hours.
The thing I didn't like was the sticky mess I had to clean up afterwards. The machine itself washes in warm water but there was chocolate all over the electrical unit and the work surface. It was also running down my tee-shirt. Okay, maybe I'm just messy, but it took the shine off the whole experience.
To be honest this was a waste of money. I have used it once and the very thought of having to clean it afterwards stops me doing it again. Perhaps it's a good thing, though, because although I tell myself the fruit bit is healthy, my waistline can only stand so much chocolate.
If there's one thing I know its chocolate fountains as a member of my family was selling them for the past year so I ending up getting one for free come to think of it most of my stuff comes free. (Well I guess im just cheap like that.) Anyways it was the perfect gift because theirs nothing like melted chocolate to cheer you up. In fact its especially great for parties because it's a great laugh and no one can be miserable at a party that is literally flowing with free chocolate.
There's nothing like when you set up the chocolate fountain for the first time as the heavenly secant of chocolate drifts up your nose and you rush forward to be the first to try that soft gooey marsh mellow coated in creammy chocolate......mmmmmm anyway back to writing trying new stuff like bananas and apples is great even for those people who have a personal vendetta against fruit (like my little sister it took us all night to get her to try a bit and then she loved it proving that no one can resist any thing that's melted chocolate covered) I recommend using some fruit because it helps break up the sweetness of the marshmallows and its more fun when you get random flavours bursting into your mouth. Also I recommend trying things like boiled sweets are especially good and crisps and any thing that happens to occur to you. always make sure you have lots of back up chocolate if you don't use it all then give it away as a gift because I can almost guarantee that you can never have enough. the only complaints I could make about using the fountain is after a while you get sick of the taste of chocolate trust me I never thought it could happen either in my more innocent chocolate fountain free days. So in a party or just a family test run remember to have normal snacks their too beak up the chocolate taste. What is a bigger problem is the motor is very loud however the reason why I didn't take off a star is because this noise isn't noticeable until you turn it off and you are struck by the quiet. the design its self is great because its sleek and stylish so you can leave it lying about the kitchen and it will add to the wow factor to it (its currently the best looking thing in my kitchen as its not broken or very ugly. the down side is that in a kitchen that is not all futuristic looking and more homily like one of my sisters it can look a bit out of place. however I think nearly everyone will agree that they all have at least one thing that looks out of place in one room or other and its not really a big deal.
Its great because it takes next to no time setting up as long as you do the chocolate right (see below ) and you can do a allot of different stuff with it I remember one party when my friend was invited and she is lactose intolerant basically it means she cant eat milk or she breaks out in hives. Every time I bite into chocolate or a cake I feel a great burst of pity for what she is missing out which she always thinks is weird (which is probably true.) Any ways at this point I decided to borrow another fountain and set it up with cheese just for her. I was so chuffed with my idea I worked hard to set it all up with nice tasting cheese so she could dip in crackers and stuff when she came in I was all like ta da and puffed up with pride as I told her what id done to which everyone gave me the look ( you know the one were everyone cant believe how dumb / insane you are so they are stunned into silence ( at least I hope other people know that look) at which point I realised a major flaw in my plan cheese of course is pretty much milk I was so pleased I had found out about something other that chocolate I over looked that big point so I was a bit sheepish for the rest of that evening and my friend still hasn't let it go. still it was a good night and the cheese was quite good although you got bored of I more quickly because it doesn't quite have the novelty or addictiveness of chocolate finally I have some helpful tips below for people who want to save time using their chocolate fountain
First off-setting it up: setting it up is easy you just slot the top into the bottom. The fountain its self has 2 buttons one to turn on the motor to get the chocolate running and another for heat. the common mistake everyone makes is to stick the chocolate in and wait for it to melt while that does make sense it takes such a ridiculously long time I cant help but pity the people who have sat their and waited .. And waited. what you can do instead is you put the chocolate in the microwave for a minuet at a time string it for about 3 minuets which is important to stop it from burning otherwise you will have a bad smelling mess seriously nothing is worse than sadly looking down at the chocking mess that was going to be part of you delicious chocolate evening it breaks my heart just thinking about it. using the right chocolate: the chocolate its self is a tricky one because it is easiest (though maybe not cheaper) to buy a few bars of galaxy or carbarys however this chocolate is very thick as it was not meant to be melted so it doesn't run smoothly what you can do is add oil which works but I never liked to do because while it doesn't affect the taste it just feels like you are poring in an unnecessary heart blockage. what I did what I brought/borrowed the proper stuff which you can use less of and should have set me back 5 quid a 3kg sack. which is technically cheaper over all but only if you are planning to use the fountain a lot also you have to tack in to account the loss that comes from eating a bit every few minuets although maybe that because I have no self control. I have heard you can get it in smaller packs else where which brings me to my next point which is all this only means any thing if you had easy access to a chocolate seller like I did other wise you are best just adding oil.
Cleaning up and using: for using is very simple you just get a sharp cocktail stick and find what ever you feel like and just stick it on. literally any thing I tried lots of different things although admittedly some on a dare and I can tell you pretty much anything tastes good when you cover it in chocolate the cleaning is the worst part every time I use it everyone is torn between the dilemma of do I stay a bit longer and eat more chocolate or do I make and exit now and not risk having to do the clearing up let me tell you it is a more finely balanced dilemma than you can possibly imagine. More often than not I have been stuck with it mainly because the old argument it's your chocolate fountain to which I would always reply with a well thought and who's been eating MY chocolate it goes on like that for a bit till I get stuck with it. I haven really got any hints other do it while the chocolates still melted the use a paper towel to get the worst of it and wash like normal or for those lucky people with a dishwasher stick it their (note sponge off the worst of the chocolate first because my sister didn't and she ended up clogging up her washer although to be fair it was continually betaking down any way) if you have left it too long and the chocolate has hardened just stick it in a bowl of hot water for a bit and then follow above directions
Overall a must have item that never gets old and while young kids can use it why should they it's not fair that little kids get all the best stuff just because their little. Also it's especially worth it today because prices stated off ridiculously high and have now dropped to around a tenner which is more than worth the fun you will get out of it. Also did I mention it involves chocolate which is enough for 5 stars on any product.
I had wanted a chocolate fountain for quite a while but new it was one of those items i wouldnt use every day so didnt want to pay a fortune for it, when i saw this one in the argos store for just £19.99 i couldnt resist buying it.
You have to assemble it yourself but this isnt difficult, it is just a case of putting the fountain pieces into the base and any idiot could do this but if you cant there are full instructions included.
It is easy to operate, has a light on it, a temperature controll for the chocolate and a flow regulator that you can adjust.
You do need quite a bit of chocolate to fill this fountain up enough to be used, two large cadbury bars minimum.
I was very disapointed with how long this took to heat up so if you are using it after your tea or for a party remember to switch it on well in advance.
It advertises as being easy to clean which it is but you will have to reheat it before cleaning if you dont clean it streight away as the chocolate is a right pain to get off once it has set.
This is ideal for partys which is the only use ours gets as i cant be bothered with waiting for it to melt and recleaning it every day, pieces of fruit, marshmellows and toffees are lovely for use on this, the chocolate tastes creamier once melted for some reason but does get quite sickly.
It is my grandaughters birthday today and she eats too much chocolate for her own good but she enjoys it so I brought a Cookworks Chocolate Fountain as a special treat for her birthday tea. It was only £15 from Argos and I was relieved about that because my daughter had been frightening me with stories of how her friends had paid £40 and £50 for their fountains. I could justify £15 but not more than that for an unnecessary gadget that will only be used once or twice a year.
It was easy for my son in law to set up, I could have done it myself because I watched him and it was honestly just a case of slotting the fountain layers in the right order - I had played the helpless granny card though so couldn't very well interfere when he got it wrong because I would have looked like a fraud. It looks very nice when it is put together and I am going to leave it on display on one of my shelves because the colour of the base matches my walls perfectly.
When everyone was ready I broke my chocolate into the base and switched on the heating element while I chopped up bananas and strawberries and prepared dishes of chopped nuts. It was slow and the apple chunks had started to go brown by the time the chocolate was fully melted so I had to chop some more up. You need quite a lot of chocolate and I was a little bit caught out with my 6 bars of Dairy Milk so I had to go to the shop and buy half a dozen massive bars of Dairy Milk that cost nearly as much as my fountain!
Once the chocolate is melted though my lounge was impregnated with the smell of melted chocolate and I was starting to feel like Willy Wonka. I flicked the switch to get the fountain going and it was lovely to watch the chocolate start to roll down the layers of the fountain, it put me in mind of Dawn French when chocolate fountains had only just come out in restaurants and Thorntons. As it fell the chocolate released an even richer aroma and looked sleek and velvety.
I was the first person to dip, yes I pushed aside 9 and 10 year old little girls to get the first dip with a marshmallow. It is lovely and rich and I felt very naughty dipping into flowing melted chocolate like that. It is a good way I think to get children to eat more fruit because as long as they are a healthy weight a coating of chocolate on a chunk of pear won't do them any harm. My grandaughters ate at least 2 portions of their 5 daily fruit and veg just because of the fountain and I noticed all of the children were eating little pieces of fruit without chocolate when it got too rich for them. That is a good thing. I think the high quality of Cadburys chocolate made this such a success but my daughter said her friend used Lindt one evening and it was apparently divine. Personally I think her friend must have more money than sense with the price of Lindt chocolate.
Cleaning the chocolate fountain is not nice because I left the chocolate to set and it was very hard to remove then. I eventually used Fairy Power spray but it still took a lot of elbow grease and rinsing because I was frightened of letting the spray dry on the metal in case it discoloured it. I think it would have been much easier if I had cleaned it as soon as we turned it off while the chocolate was still melted but who wants to wash up after eating such a delicious treat. Not me that's for sure, I'd rather enjoy my chocolate and then struggle later.
The base of the fountain is a little bit heavy to carry around so decide where you are going to set it up before hand as silly as it might seem the weight of the melted chocolate makes a difference if you have to move it. Not to mention the chance of slopping melted chocolate all over my new carpet which would not have been good.
I am going to use the chocolate fountain again tomorrow when my grandaughters come to stay and because I am looking after my baby grandaughter again we are going to use white chocolate and I have brought some baby biscuits for her to dip. Her sisters can clean her up afterwards before her mom sees her.
Here's dedication - I have pleurisy at the moment - not nice. And yet still I write a review. I will get my reward in heaven. That Islamic heaven seems a good deal with all them virgins and what-not but I'll take any heaven if the truth be known.
We have a 16-year old with a chocolate fetish. Annoyingly he isn't fat but his day will come. As such, for his birthday, we decided to get a chocolate fountain for the family birthday tea. Knowing this to be essentially a waste of money from the off we looked for cheap and noticed that good old Argos had one of their Cookworks efforts for £12.99 which screamed Billy Bargain. One reservation and a trip to town later and we had it.
Out of the box
The sturdy box revealed a small plastic puzzle wrapped around a solid metal base. The wife wanted to read the instructions but I stepped in with cool logic and a realisation that they only fitted together in one possible and within 2 minutes the central screw, pipe and 'tiers' were sitting nicely together. Dead easy.
The chocolatey bit.
Cheap fountain was now offset by expensive chocolate. You need a lot. Initially, we thought we would just use all the chocolate that the kids hadn't eaten for Easter as they are all spoilt brats who get more than they need. Not enough. We ended up spending £10 on big bars of Cadburys. To get it going, you need to melt this with a bit of oil in the microwave. You could heat it in the base, which has its own heating element but the instructions implied that this could take a long time. Once melted it was chucked in the curved bowl at the base of the spiral and turned on.
Use and operation.
There are 2 settings on the base and an indicator light. The first notch just keeps the chocolate hot and molten, the second turns the screw and draws the chocolate up to the top. From here it cascades down over the 3 'tiers' which increase in diameter until it drips back into the awaiting bowl.
Suffice to say, it works. The chocolate, mostly due to the oil, flows smoothly - you can't taste the oil by the way- and cascaded really well. Impressive results. All manner of titbits were tested in the chocolate -strawberries, biscuits, marshmallows and of course broccoli. All tasted of err...chocolate.
Don't try to stick you head in it like Dawn French did. It's too small and you'll smash your teeth.
Forget it. Nightmare. For a start - don't let it go cold before you clean it. The central screw just locks solid. The chocolate is, of course, stuck to everything. Once you allow it to heat up, it's still a nightmare but at least you seem to get somewhere. The fattiness just clings. You need a LOT of hot water and detergent.
Well it worked well for £12.99 so no complaints there. Cleaning was a nightmare. I suspect that it will now sit unloved for a year under the sink but will again be used one day.
Sorry for the brevity, the fever is starting to return. Stupid illness.
Thanks for reading.
May also be on other review sites.
Simple to operate / Heat and flow / Temperature range of chocolate 40°C to 55°C for heat and flow setting.