“ Brand: After Bite / Type: Relief from itching, bites or stings / Dosage Form: Treatment „
I don't know what it was, but something had eaten me alive the other night. I didn't feel the bites but by the night time, I had a dozen bites across my legs and another half a dozen across my back itching like crazy.
The only thing I had in the house was Germaline and with it being late at night, I couldn't get anything else. After a terrible night itching , the first thing I did the next morning was hit the nearest pharmacy for something more suitable.
On the shelf I came across exactly what I wanted - in bold letters on the packaging were the words "After Bite" and at £3.95 I didn't think twice.
The box is excellent to read, a white backing with a grass graphic design with the product name and purpose in red letters across where the pen is and across the top "After Bite". There is no superfluous unnecessary information on the packet and I think the fact that the name of the product is what it is used for is excellent as you don't have to spend time reading the packet trying to figure out what it's uses are. The only thing it states is "Fast relief from insect bites and stings" and below this is a list complete with pictures the fact that it offers relief from: "Mosquitoes, Horse Flies, Wasps,Bees, Nettles and Jellyfish'. I must admit at the time I didn't read this, but later on in the week, having just been stung by nettles, I was thrilled to discover it's dual purpose. The back of the box contains the instructions, which are clear and concise in a clear font with red headings.
The product itself looks like a pen, with a lid that you remove to use the after bite. It's easy to hold and so easy to use. Simply shake the pen, remove the lid, and rub against the affected area. I used it once as soon as I got it and it almost instantly worked on removing the itchiness. After one more application later that day, the bites had already started to dry up. As mentioned previously I also used it on nettle stings to the same effect.
The product does smell a bit, as it's main ingredient is ammonia, but when the itchiness is driving you crazy it doesn't bother you.
I can thoroughly recommend this product to anyone, and at £3.95 it's a bargain.
My score: 4 stars
[A review for the 14ml "pen"]
Before visiting Asia, I decided to purchase this from Boots. The cardboard packaging states that it gives "fast relief from insect bites and stings" as well as listing the types of bites and stings that it is effective against: mosquitoes, horse flies, wasps, bees, nettles, and jellyfish.
Unfortunately I did get bitten (quite a few times) by mosquitoes and had to use this product. It contains 3.5% ammonia. My bites were on my legs so I didn't notice the smell at all, but when I got it on my hand accidentally well...unsurprisingly...it smells oh so bad...
Inside the cardboard box, you'll find something that resembles a long, solid (not squishy) corrector pen (tip-ex). And just like tip-ex, you have to shake it well before use. Then simply twist the cap off and you'll see a white, round tipped applicator with a small hole in the centre. It's very comfortable to use for your bites and stings, and gave good relief to the discomfort. I wouldn't say that it's instant, but just like the advertising says, it is fast. The itching didn't completely go away, but I could ignore it much more easily than otherwise.
What I didn't like about the product is that the substance is very watery. Whilst pressing the applicator onto the sting, some of the liquid would drip down onto e.g. other parts of the body. Without realising, I'd also get it on my hands too (smelly!) It dries quite quickly which is good!
I've used it mostly when indoors, but on the occasion when I've taken it outdoors, I've not been too confident about the pen not leaking. I ended up wrapping some cellophane around it incase this were to happen. The pen is not much chunkier than a writing pen, and less so than a board marker which makes it very portable. It was very convenient just slipping this into a bag for outdoor use.
Overall I'd give this product 4 stars. My bites feel better with it, but it can be a little bit messy!
- A 14ml tube is sold on the Boots website for £3.99 currently.
- You shouldn't use this if you are allergic to any of the ingredients or on children under the age of 2 years old.
- The pen has a plastic clip (just like your regular ballpoint pen). This clip is not part of the cap that stops the substance from getting out. It can be used for hooking onto a pocket. I did not use it.
Review of After Bite Fast Relief
This product is designed to be used to relieve the pain and itching following an insect or similar bite.
I first discovered this product when travelling the UK waterway system by narrowboat. I am one of those unfortunate people who is decidedly 'tasty' to hordes of biting insects, and of course being on water, I was a floating lunch for all and sundry! After suffering a multitude of bites, while I was on the Llangollen Canal in North Wales, I briefly jumped ship and headed for Llangollen town centre where a local pharmacist sold me a variety of anti-insect products, this being one of them.
==The Product and It's Uses==
The After Bite Fast Relief looks not unlike a felt tipped pen. It is a white pen shaped container containing 14ml of the medicine, it even has a gizmo to hook it inside a pocket or belt for fast access. The cap is a screw off type and this reveals the applicator. It is rather like a smaller version of a bingo dabber pen. The 'pen' is presented on a sturdy card which gives all relevant information, such as intended purpose, ingredients, how to use instructions and warnings.
The actual liquid inside the 'pen' is a milky white in colour and it is simple to use, just shake the pen, unscrew the cap and dab at the affected area for almost instantaneous relief from a bite. The product does sting slightly if you have already scratched at the bite, but in my experience, this is not prolonged or severe. The active ingredients include ammonia, so the aroma is not very nice and you certainly won't win any prizes for having an alluring scent after use! That matters little to me when the product gives relief from itchy bites though!
I use After Bite Fast Relief primarily for gnat, midge and other insect bites, however it can also be used for the relief of mosquitoes, horse flies, wasps, bees, nettles and jellyfish stings.
==Availability, Cost and Warnings==
After Bite Fast Relief is available from High Street pharmacies and stores such as Boots and Superdrug. It is also available from various online retailers and as a pricing example, www.amazon.co.uk sell this for £3.20, Boots Stores are currently stocking this for £3.99, so it may be worth shopping around for.
After Bite Fast Relief is made by the Tender Corporation, an American company.
*Hazards and Cautions
For external use only.
Avoid mouth or eyes.
If swallowed do not induce vomiting. Drink milk and citrus juices and consult a doctor.
If rash, redness, irritation, swelling or pain increases, discontinue use.
Side effects are rare. If you notice anything unusual tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Do not use if you are allergic to any of the ingredients.
Do not bandage or cover bite site tightly until dry.
Not suitable for Children aged 2 years and under.
This is a medicine; Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have an underlying medical condition, are taking any other medication or complementary therapy, or if symptoms persist.
Seek advice before using if you are breast feeding, pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or suffer from allergies.
Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.
*Above warnings were taken from the back of the product packaging.
The manufacturer also warns that the product applicator needs to be kept moist in order to work, so a vigorous shake is require before use.
==My Thoughts and Conclusion==
In my opinion, this product is travel must-have. Anyone who has been subjected to the misery of insect bites will know how horrible it can be to be plagued with itchy painful lumps. This product certainly helps me cope with the discomfort of insect bites. Although I have no need to use it for nettle rash on myself, I did treat my young granddaughter's leg with After Bite following her brushing against a stinging nettle patch last summer. The pain seemed to be relieved and she had no further trouble once the After Bite got to work.
I have recently replaced my After Bite Fast Relief as I am planning an extended road trip through the Scottish Highlands this summer and I know I will need it. The product is long lasting, as long as you keep the cap tightly closed, it should last 24 months after the first opening, but I don't want to take any chances, so have purchased a new 'pen'.
I would recommend this product to others, with the proviso that it is NOT an insect repellent, it is a means of relieving the symptoms of an insect bite. Actually, the only thing this product will repel is other humans as the ammonia fragrance is a real turn-off!
Thank you for reading
©brittle1906 March 2012.
N.B. My reviews may be found on other sites under the same user name.
I'm starting to consider the preparations I need to make for my second visit to Kenya in July. It must have been making an appointment at the surgery, to discuss whether I will need any further vaccinations, and what anti-malarial medication to take that made me think about what to take for the inevitable bites of various kinds. - I visited in 2010 so am hoping I'm going to be OK for jabs!
Now I'm the sort of person that seems tasty to insects, so I have a bit of experience around remedies over a good many years. I love Scotland but the midges love me, too. It doesn't seem to matter where I am, even in my own garden, they find me! Last summer's worst one happened when I was picking raspberries. So the chances are I'll get bites of some sort in Kenya, even though using insect repellent. I've started to think what to take this time. I took an antihistamine cream in 2010, which helped with the many bites I got on my toes from tiny ants, but I could have done with something to apply more often.
~~ Why After Bite? ~~
The thing is, I can't seem to resist scratching the wretched bites when they itch. I knock the tops off and they ooze, especially the mozzie-type bites! At my age I really should know better, but there we go; I can't seem to stop it. What I hadn't really considered until recently is the chance that I could develop impetigo if an infection gets in; I've seen impetigo in preschool children and it's something I definitely don't want to get, so keeping my skin healthy while the bitten area is healing is important to me. The antihistamine creams help to some extent, but I seem to recall that you can only use them a few times a day. After Bite, manufactured by Ardern Healthcare Ltd, with Tender being the M.A. Holder, whatever that means, is something we usually have in our household as my son is just as prone to getting bitten, and you can use this as needed. I don't remember the price of the last pack. Currently on Boots online it retails at £3.99 and on Amazon from about £3.79. The Boots website says you must be over 16 to buy this.
Alcohol Ethoxylate, Mink Oil, Dimethylpolysiloxane, Purified Water. The information on the tube says '3.5% w/v Cutaneous Emulsion Ammonia' but, as I'm no chemist, I can't tell you which constituent is the ammonia.
The vial has a 'do not use after' date clearly printed on the side, along with data like batch numbers.
~~What to Look For ~~
After Bite comes attached to a card which carries information about the kind of skin irritations it's suitable for: horse flies, mosquitoes, jellyfish, wasps, nettles and bees are specifically mentioned. Obviously this needs removing before using the product. The 14 ml container is shaped a bit like a felt-tipped pen with an applicator on the end and a clip at the side. You could easily clip it on to a belt or bag if you are out walking, or keep it in your pocket. I would just advise that you make sure the cap is on firmly, as once I had a serous leak in a handbag and had to throw it away because of the smell, but it was my own fault.
~~ Using After Bite ~~
What I like about After Bite is that I can apply it straight to the bitten area and it not only seems to give almost instantaneous relief, but I get a masochistic stinging sensation, which makes me feel it must be doing me some good! It needs to, because the smell is something else - I'll be tactful and say it's mainly down to the ammonia - or maybe the mink oil!
Application is straightforward; you shake the container, take off the cap and dab the applicator on the affected area, ideally using a 'vigorous circular motion.' Best results are apparently obtained if you apply it as soon as possible after being bitten. That's a good reason for taking one with you on walks etc. If you use it on young children and they have broken the skin on their bite/sting, be prepared for it to be quite painful for a while; they might not cope with that initial discomfort as well as an adult.
The applicator should stay moist and this makes it easy to apply however much you feel you need. If it dries out, it should re-moisten if you give it a good shake. You have to be very careful about using this on the face, as clearly it would be agonising to get it in your eyes or mouth. It's for external use only, and if someone should ingest it then a doctor should be consulted, and the person who swallowed it should drink milk or citrus juice rather than be induced to vomit! If it gets in the eyes, wash out with lots of water. Naturally it should be kept out of reach and sight of children, especially as it does look like a pen. It can be used on children, but only if they are over 2 years old.
~~ More Warnings! ~~
The packaging reminds us that this is a medicine, so we should always read the product information leaflet before using this product. Ideally a doctor or pharmacist should be consulted if you have a medical condition, are taking medication, or if the symptoms persist. It's also worth getting advice before using if you are or plan to become pregnant, breast feeding, or suffer from allergies. Although side effects are apparently rare, clearly you should stop using it and get advice if it seems to make things worse, or you get a rash, redness etc. and don't use it if you are allergic to any of the ingredients. You shouldn't cover or bandage firmly the area treated. One last one - and this isn't on the information given - don't mistake this as an insect repellent. It isn't and you would need to take a separate product with you if you want that protection. I shall have to get some [equally smelly] 50% Deet repellent before my Kenya trip.
~~ A Few Comments ~~
I've already said that I find this product good. Don't be put off by all the warnings - I know they seem a bit heavy, but I believe it's safe enough to use if you're sensible.
For my Kenyan trip, I'm a bit undecided, having seen that it should be stored below 25 degrees C. July/August is one of the cooler times of year there, so it may be OK and, as I'm helping in a school & our accommodation is close by, I can probably keep it cool enough in my apartment. On balance, I think I'll risk taking it but probably take an antihistamine cream as well.
Its usefulness is particularly in terms of the almost instantaneous relief it brings, and the fact that you can apply it as often as you need. It's true that the smell is strong, but it virtually disappears as the liquid dries so I don't think it's a great issue. Another advantage is that it does seem to reduce the itching and swelling, rather than masking, which I suspect some other products of doing. I believe the mink oil is there to help soothe the skin. I wouldn't want to take a holiday in the UK without having this with me. I commend it to you if, like me, insects like to bite you. I'm going to be a bit mean and knock off one star for the smell and the temperature issue, as you would hope to have temperatures of over 25 degrees C on many a summer holiday in Europe, and maybe even here in the UK, I think!
Thank you for reading my review, which may be posted on other sites.
After Bite Fast Relif is an okay product but in my opinion not the best product I have tried or used to help alleviate the itching casued by insect bites.
During our last family holiday to Scotland we were plagued with midge bites and I was covered from head to toe in itchy little bites which soon turned to nasty scabs.
This cost me just under four pounds from Boots The Chemist and it has a little screw top lid which you take off and then aply the very runny contents of this 14ml cylindrical tube.
The contents, as I say, are very runny (maybe too runny in fact) and you have to be careful as it will run off down your leg for instance, so better to stay flat when applying it. It contains 3.5% amonia ansd this is the active ingredient which is meant to help emininate the itchiness but to be hoenst it only helps for a little while and then it goes right back to you wanting to have a good old scratch again.
It lasts a long time but I have found that it doesn't really work that well for me and yet my other half swears by this stuff and prefers it to anything else we have in the medicine cupboard. I can only deduce from this that this product works for some people but unfortunately not for others.
All in all a okay product but I think I just must be an excessivley itchy person.
Review also posted as sorehead on Ciao
As this year was marked by travelling, true not exotic but a lot of time was spent in woods and other "nature" areas After Bite was one of the things in my Health pack. I did not have the intention on buying it, I just went to the pharmacy and explained the travel situation to the lady behind the counter and asked her to assemble a simple travel kit and to be honest I did not even notice this baby until I got home. This being an evidence that it does not cost that much :).
It is shaped as a pen and also has a handy clip so you can secure it in your pocket or a pocket of your backpack and it won't or will have a significantly less chance to fell out. It is conveniently small so you can carry it around in your purse (or whatever)..
It is said it can be used to relief the skin after bites of insects, plants and jellyfish and other cnidaria (the last two I was lucky enough to not test the product with). I was bitten by many mosquitoes, tic, nettles, strange insects, etc. You just have to, as the name suggest apply the thing after the bite which is due to it's pen shape easy-peasy, you just have to rub the pen-like applicator on your skin (in circular motion) an you are all done. Sometimes a little bit to much of this liquid comes out of the vial but once you get the hang on it you will be doing it perfectly.
I am satisfied with how this one works, the itching is not as intense as it would be without this, can't say I did not feel it at all after applying this but it certainly stopped sooner. There was no swellings after using this product, so that is another plus.
There is a downside to this product though, not that noticeable on the long run, it contains ammoniac. I advise you to not make the same mistake as I did, smelling the bloody thing I felt a sharp pain from the nose to my brains. It is a bit smelly for a short time after use, my friends did not mind the smell but I really do not like it.
Still a product worth considering if you are going into "the wild".
Our house seems to have suffered from a recent infestation of the dreaded flea. I'd experienced bites on my legs for a couple of nights in a row and went to the bathroom one morning to find fleas hoping around my legs - yuck! Aswell as buying a product to rid the fleas from the house, I had to do something about the bites. If it's possible for you to believe I currently have over 120 flea bites on my legs alone and they are driving me mad with the itching, infact there are plenty of open wounds on my legs where I haven't been able to stop scratching.
After bite is one of two products I have tried to stop the itching and it has been the most effective - it's by no means 100% but it goes some way to reducing the itching. I've found that it seems to depend on the individual bite and it's location on the body as to how effective it is, for example i have two bites on my big toe which are driving me mad at the moment and this isn't having any effect, however it has managed to stop some of the other bites on my leg from itching. The length of time it lasts for is subjective, however there is no minimum time you need to leave before reapplication - essentially it is apply as necessary. I will say that although this is a bite product, it doesn't cite fleas as one of the bites it is effective against, so it could potentially work better with mosquito and wasp/bee bites and stings that are mentioned on the packaging.
As opposed to most bite products this one is a liquid rather than a cream. It comes in a cylindrical tube with a screw lid. You shake it first and then unscrew the rid and rub the liquid onto the affected area. The clear liquid comes out of a small hole in the top, but as it has the consistency of water it is pretty free flowing and does have a tendancy to drip although it does soak into the skin quickly and doesn't leave any sticky residue.
The product contains 3.5% ammonia which is evident by the strong smell, however ammonia is known to be an effective agent against dealing with stings and bites. The smell luckily doesn't linger on your skin so you don't have to worry about smelling like wee.
You get 14ml in a tube and this does last quite a long time - I've had this tube for a good couple of years now, although I will admit I had forgotten about it until the flea bites started.
At the moment you can buy this product for £3.89 at Boots.
This product is by no means ideal as it doesn't erradicate itching, however it is the most effective product I have found so far and on that strength I would recommend it. However if anyone knows of a really effective product to stop itching please let me know!
In January I was lucky enough to have the opportunity to travel to the Galapagos Islands and the Ecuadorian Jungle which was breathtakingly beautiful. However, as I suspected, as well as seeing giant tortoises, turtles, sea lions, seals, sharks, dolphins, snakes, spiders and crocodiles, I was also breakfast, lunch and dinner for the local insects. It seemed like every hour I had a new mosquito bite or flying ant bite to add to my ever growing collection - and along with it came the inevitable itchiness that was capable of driving me to distraction!
I took two things with me to help with the bites. One was a clicker designed to deliver a small electric shock into the bite area (which helped a lot) and the other thing was "After Bite".
The After Bite comes in a pen like device that doesn't look that similar to a fat felt tip pen. The words "After Bite" are written on the side of the pen and then at one end is a cap which you pull off to reveal a flat sponge-like applicator. To be honest, when you pull the cap off, the smell is quite overwhelming, and quite frankly, smells a lot like a mens toilet! I guess this isn't surprising considering the active ingredient is Ammonia 3.5% w/v. I really didn't relish the thought of applying this to my skin, anymore than I'd like to wash myself in a urinal! But when you're itching that much, you'll go to any extreme to relieve the itching and discomfort.
I applied the After Bite solution to the bites using the sponge applicator. I didn't have to squeeze the tube or anything and so it would be suitable for people whose may not be very dexterous with their hands, such as those with arthritis. The initial sensation was one of coolness, but this was immediately replaced by a strong stingy feeling and it felt like my skin was burning. It was actually quite unpleasant and painful. However, the stingy gradually decreased over the space of about 2 minutes, and once the stingy disappeared it was very evident that the itching was very much less intense. I wouldn't say it had been completely irradicated, but it was certainly more of a mild itch than the intense itching I'd had before. And luckily the Ammonia smell faded too!
I needed to apply the After Bite a few times a couple of hours apart in order to keep the itching at bay and to keep the inflammation down. I would say that if the itching was 10/10 before the After Bite, then it was probably 3/10 after the application - which was a marked improvement.
I did notice that if I could apply the After Bite to the bite immediately after I'd been bitten then the inflammation and itching never really developed - but unfortunately it wasn't always evident that i'd been bitten immediately, but occasionally I did.
I did not have any adverse reactions to this product, despite having quite sensitive skin. As well as ammonia, the solution also contained alcohol (which can be an irritant) but it also contained mink oil which is moisturizing and soothing. It does say that this product can be used on children over two years old - but I'm not sure I'd use this as my first port of call for young children because it does smell so chemical and also because of the burning sensation that follows the immediate application.
The packet states that it can used to relieve the discomfort from bites and stings from mosquitos, bess, wasps, jellyfish, nettles, stinging nettles, flying ants etc.
Would I use it again? Yes although I would probably reserve using it for catching those bites that have just happened because that really is what it seems to work best on.
Wow- I never thought dooyoo were going to put up my suggestion! Needless to say I have since chucked all the packaging and so cannot report the products cardboard packaging. But it is available in most supermarkets and chemists where you can read the packaging at your leisure.
After going for a run one summer night, I came home breathless, and itchy!
It turned out by the next day I had no fewer then 55 mosquito bites on the inner part of my calves! I was annoyed as I had chosen to wear full leg trousers yet had still been bitten, and it was in such a concentrated place on both legs I looked like I had pretty bad chaffing!Also, contrary to the "ah, I'll bet they liked your blood too much- do you eat a lot of sugar...?" I don't eat sugary foods, eat (I have been told too much) fresh and steamed vegetables and had been eating Quorn and garlic. Yet the stupid bug had tried to eat my legs! I Not a good look in the summer when 70% of what I was wearing was short in the leg!
I tried everything before I tried Anti-bite. I tried the obvious camomile lotion, aloe-vera gel, HC2 cream, I even tried plain yoghurt, after sun and TCP. Nothing seemed to work, or at best, relieved the itching for about 5 minutes...before it began all over again!
So I started searching on Google for cures- anything and everything was a possibility as I was so itchy I was finding it impossible to get a proper nights sleep!
Google forums seemed to rate ammonia. Yup, that's right, bleach! I was shocked at first- surely it would scar and burn your skin? how can it be safe? Then I remembered that many people use it to colour or lighten their hair. Its about 5 or 6% when they do. The ammonia suggestions were to have it at about 2% concentrated.
I was a bit too scared to get out the Domestos- even if I was screaming blue words at the sky at all the itching! So I went back to the chemists to see what else they had.
It was then I saw the Afterbite solution. At just under £4 for the tube which did look tiny, I was reluctant to buy it- every penny counts for me as I have a low income anyway. There were several other creams that I had tried at the same price: Savlon bites and stings and Lanacane for itching. These had not worked for me. I had very few options left. I picked up the Antibite.
Its a long white thin tube, looks a bit like a thick pen. On opening it, there is a flat sponge applicator and liquid soaks into the applicator so you can apply it to your skin.
It did sting a little on application- but this could have been as I'd scratched my skin apart in several fits of madness! I had been worried about scarring but by now I felt the scratching I had done had just blown any hope to keep my legs intact, to pieces! (in fact I have to say there is no scarring now!)
I would for that reason, not use this stuff on children- it can sting and may be too much for very small children- its a bit like if you were to apply TCP to a knee graze. Something adults may be OK with, but may make a small child scream in pain about.
The bites went away within days. They took a few applications, it varied as some bites were worse then others but overall the itching went within 1-2 weeks and though the bites themselves left visible marks on my legs, within about 2-3 months all the visible bites had gone completely. (I should make it clear that this sort of slow vanishing rate is very normal for my skin- even facial spots take months to fade- its just the type of skin I have).
So, would I buy this again?
Well, yes, I think I would. I would as well though, keep my eyes out for any natural remedies I had not tried. But I do think that as it stands I already exhausted that avenue before I had even thought about using ammonia on my skin.
I'd advise this to be used to any nasty bites that are persistent and where the itch cannot be tolerated. I would not advise this for children under about 10 years of age or those that are especially sensitive to things like tea-tree oil.
I am a golfer so spend alot of the summer time in the great outdoors. I am also unfortunate in that midges's just love to chomp on my legs.
This summer as well as good old can of insect repellant I also carried this nifty little item in my golf bag, all prepared for the pesky little blighters that dont realise they should not bite me.
This after bite is like a chunky pen, so does nottake up much room and could easily be carried in your handbag or kept in the car for use on days out or long country walks.
It is very quick and easy to use, just remove the lid give it a quick shake and dab the end onto your bite and hey presto it stops itching immediatly, I have found this summer that when I used this pen on bite's they did not swell up to those nasty red lumps we all hate. It is so effective I found that I rarley needed to apply a second dab, although you can if need be according to the instructions.
I have quite sensitive skin, but did not have any problems with this product.
It retails at around £3.50 for 14ml pen, but I have plenty left for next summer.
On the packet it states that it provides relief from the discomfort of bites from insects such as mosquitoes and stings from bees, wasps, jelly fish and nettles. Also effective against exotic biting or stinging insects including fire ants and various biting flies.
not many jelly fish on the golf course so dont know if it works as well against them :).
Ammonia 3.5% w/v The other ingredients are Mink Oil, Alcohol Ethoxylate, Dimeticone, Purified Water
Due to the small amount used I never noticed any smell good or bad. A good little device to have on hand especially if your an outdoors person.
After Bite; is the leading insect bite and sting treatment / It is effective against bites from insects such as mosquitoes and stings from bees, wasps, jelly fish and nettles / For those traveling abroad After Bite is equally effective against a variety of exotic biting or stinging insects including fire ants and various biting flies.