* Prices may differ from that shown
The brand of false lashes that I buy most often actually comes with a little tube of glue in each pack but I was so unimpressed with the quality and lack of durability that I ended up investing in MAC's 'duo' eyelash adhesive, which was recommended to me by a friend.
This is available from most MAC counters and I bought mine from Debenhams. It can also be purchased from the official MAC website. A 14g tube retails at £10.00, which I know seems extortionate but as long as you don't apply too much each time you use it the tube will last for at least six months.
I usually wear false lashes 2-3 days a week and my tube still has plenty left in it after around four months. At first quite a lot of product was going to waste because of the large nozzle so it's important to squeeze it really gently else loads of the glue comes out in blobs.
The nozzle really needs re-designing so that the hole is smaller but apart from that the packaging is okay - the tube comes boxed and it's white with blue and black writing on it. It isn't particularly ugly - just plain and a little medicinal looking in my opinion! The glue itself is white and quite thick - it's not overly thick though. It's a latex based adhesive, so it is unsuitable for anyone with a latex allergy. Using the glue is simple.
You're supposed to squeeze it onto the band (edge) of the false lashes but because of the large nozzle I apply a thin strip of it onto the back of my hand then dip the band of the lashes into it, making sure that it is covered in the glue. This method is less fiddly and more precise.
I then wait for 30 seconds or so for the glue to go tacky then apply it to my eyelid. I'm not very steady handed and often apply my lashes wonky but as the glue takes a while to dry I can easily and painlessly remove the lashes and re-adjust them. The glue takes around seven minutes to dry completely and it dries clear - once dry there is no trace of whiteness.
The glue keeps my lashes firmly in place and it has even managed to keep them perfectly in tact on the few occasions that I have fallen asleep while wearing them after a night on the town. It is easy to remove and usually comes off all at once as it dries in a strip.
After I've removed it I use a cleanser on my eyelids to make sure that all traces of it are gone. I've never had any irritation or pain from the adhesive. The only disadvantage that I can think of is the strong, unpleasant smell but this dissapears once the glue is dry.
Overall I recommend the duo adhesive and I give it four out of five stars.
Even though I have not been a fan of MAC eyelashes, I do love this DUO glue. With this glue I find it is long lasting. I struggled to use this glue initially as the nozzle seemed quite big in comparison to the glue you get with eyelashes. After a bit of practice I have eventually found the right way to use this. I tend to apply the glue to the eyelash and wait for 30 seconds to allows this group to become a little tacky. Once I have put it in place it stays in place, it feels stronger than the normal eyelash glue. Dont worry about taking them off because when you do want to take them off its fine with using a eyemaker remover that contains a little oil. If you cant find an oil based eyemaker remover then a little oil will work.
The glue dries translucent and the glue lasts for ages, just remember to put the lid back on! :)
I have never really been what you call a 'fan' of MAC products, though, this is due to only trying one or two products and despite loving them and finding them of excellent quality I never repurchased them in the was that many people would have. This was until I found this eyelash glue- MAC Duo Eyelash Adhesive. I had been looking for an eyelash glue for a while as they one that I was using before hand was an Eylure one, which I found too strong for me as it made my eyes water and often ripped out many of my eyelashes.
Being a MAC product this is obviously designed for MAC eyelash products and despite using some of their eyelashes I do much prefer other makes so tend to use this glue on many different brands. The glue cost me around £7 which I do not believe to be as 'pricey' as most of the MAC products as many other eyelash glues cost around £5.
It came it 2 variations to choose one, one was where the glue dried a dark brown colour and the other one was a white-clear one. I chose the second one, despited having dark lashes as I feel that if you mess up with a clear based one it is easier to correct and cover.
The eyelash glue it very easy to use and has a thin nozzle which you glide along the line of the false lashes, you only need to squeeze it gently otherwise it tends to come out in quite big blobs. I then had to wait 30 or so seconds until the glue became tacky in order to apply and although the glue didn't make the tricky job of lining up and putting on the eyelashes easier, once you had correctly placed them at one end of the eye they then stayed firmly in place whilst I fiddled with the other.
The eyelash glue isn't as harsh or strong as others I used as it did not make my eyes water of effect them in anyway. It also didn't have a 'chemical' or 'glue' smell about it, though I did find it had a rather odd smell about it which I didn't find pleasant, but neither unplesant.
If you make a mistake and need to rip the eyelashes of within the first few minutes of wearing them then it is very easy to do so as the glue has not quite become dry yet, which means that none of the eylashes get pulled out.
Once the eyelashes had been correctly applied it then took about 3-5 minutes for the glue to dry properly and become clear, though on my first few uses I did notice that some areas of the glue remained white and this was just due to me using too much of it some areas as you really do only need a very thin layer of it. Once applied it held the eyelashes in place all day and the corners did not begin to 'flick' or 'turn out' as they do when using some other glues.
To remove it is very easy, I generally use a false lash remover which is very oil based and when doing so the eyelashes slide off really easy in 2-3 minutes without pulling any eyelashes out. Though, when I am feeling lazy/ can't be bothered I do sometimes just rip of the eyelashes (which I know isn't a good habit!) but even when doing this none of my eyelashes get pulled out, so it is a very gentle eyelash glue.
I have had my tube for around 3 months now and tend to wear false eyelashes 3-4 times a week and my tube it probably still a half to three quarters full, so I can definitley see it lasting me another few months.
Overall this is a product that I would recommend for anyone that uses false eyelashes or is looking for a new glue - I have also used this with 'individual false lashes' and it works just aswell!
Now and again for special occasions I like to apply a set of false lashes to complete my look.
I have only recently started using them over the last few years as I was always too scared before, but once I got used to the application method, it became easier and easier, although sometimes I still find it a little tricky to get them just right.
I have always used good quality lashes, but even then I still found that the glue included wasn't that great with some of the lashes I have bought in the past. A lot of time I noticed that it was either too runny or too thick and I would get myself in a bit of a pickle. I was always worried when leaving the house that one of my lashes would fall off into someone's drink or that I would end up with one hanging off my chin. Thankfully this has never happened but I have had a few problems with some of the lashes coming loose, especially at the corners where they tend to start to peel off after a while.
Being one of MAC's biggest fans, I decided to pick up a tube of MAC Duo Eyelash Adhesive during my latest trip to the MAC shop and I haven't looked back since.
The tube is white in colour with the name of the product, "Duo" in blue, as can be seen in the picture about. The white screw cap reveals a nozzle for glue application when removed.
I found applying the glue to the lash was easy but I would advise being careful when squeezing the tube until you get used to it because the glue can come out quite quickly.
As with all eye lash glues, it is best to wait around 30 seconds until the glue goes tacky. When the lashes were in place, I found that they stuck very well and was extremely impressed with the results. They stood the test of time after 7 hours on the town (yes I like a good drink) and were still in place the next morning. I found removing the lashes was easy enough to do. I just pulled each lash gently from the outside corner inwards and they came away with no pain or irritation at all.
For people who aren't familiar with MAC, this product may seem a little pricey at £8.50 a tube, but you do get 14g worth of product and taking into account the quality and effectiveness of this adhesive, this is well worth the money in my opinion.
The adhesive is described as a safe latex adhesive for MAC lashes and all MAC body decoration. Although this is designed for use with MAC lashes you can use it with any brand as I do and it can also be used to stick body jewels onto the skin and face.
The glue itself is white in colour but dries clear so it is hard to detect when the lashes are applied. Before I apply fake lashes, I always find it best to complete my eye make up first and give my natural lashes a coat or two of mascara. When the lashes are in place I also like to go over the lash line with a liquid liner just incase, to hide any glue that might be visible.
If you are a fan of falsh lashes and have yet to try this, I urge you to do so.
I brought the MAC glue as my eylure glue kept drying out really easily and wasn't sticking the eyelashes on properly at times.
I was recommenced this glue and at first i wasn't keen on trying it as i have tried their eyelashes and was not impressed and also the price tag of £8.50 put me off.
But this is by far the best eyelash glue i have tried and trust me iv tried plenty!
It comes in a white 14g tube with a nozzle at the end, the nozzle is quite big so a lot of glue came out when i squeezed the tube and my first few tries i did end up wasting a lot of glue, so i would recommend only giving the tube a slight squeeze.
The glue is white and doesn't have a very pleasant smell but it drys clear and theirs no smell once its dry.
After about a minute of putting the glue on the eyelash its normally ready to stick to my eye, it sticks really well and stays in place where i notice some cheaper glues end up hanging off.
**** Introduction ****
I recently bought a set of Mac false eyelashes, which I have to say were fantastic for the first two applications, however after two applications these self adhesive eyelashes failed to perform, although Mac do say you can get many wears from one set providing you look after the false lashes.
Bacause these lashes actually cost me £8.50 I decided that I should try the Mac lash Duo adhesive, to try and get more out of this one set.
**** The Duo Lash Adhesive ****
This Mac duo eyelash adhesive comes in a small 14g squeezable tube, which has a small tipped lid that allows you to apply a thin line of glue to the eyelash.
At first I found this very runny and I wasnt sure how it would stick to my eyelashes, let alone how I would cope with actually sticking them on.
Anyway after appling a thin line of glue to the false eyelashes base, I waited for roughly one minute before attempting to stick the eyelash on. Because I waited this one minute the lash glue turned very sticky, turning into a latex consistancy therefore making it very easy to apply.
This lash glue, exceeded all of my expectations and worked wonderfully. I found the eyelashes were very secure and I didnt worry about losing them, which was a worry when I used the lashes for the first few times.
This costs £8.50 which is expensive, but worth every penny as it really helps secure the false eyelashes.
Like most girly girls I love to wear some false eyelashes every now and again. But getting them to stay on was a nightmare! I'd tried plenty of eyelash glues in the past, none of which seemed to work though. I found that I was just wasting my money every time I got a pair of lashes. That was until i'd heard about Mac's Duo Eyelash Adhesive, at least.
The Duo eyelash glue can be found at most Mac counters, they come in a 14g tube and cost £8.50. This I thought was quite a lot of money for such a small tube.. but the results where worth every penny.
The glue worked brilliantly and it was the only glue that actually stuck down my eyelashes. I found that I could wear the eyelashes for days (and even over night) without the sides peeling up and needing to be re-glued again. Getting them off was easy and painless aswell. As instructed on the actual tube all I needed to do was rub gently with my chosen cleanser and off they came.
The actual glue dried clear aswell which meant the eyelashes didn't look messy or mess up any of the makeup which i'd already put on my eyelid.
When applying the eyelash glue to the eyelash strip I found that quite a lot of the glue came out as the tube has a rather large nozzle. This was a bit of a disadvantage for me as I don't have a very steady hand. This also meant I wasted a small amount of the product.. and for £8.50 I don't want to be buying these too often! Once the glue was on the eyelash I would reccomend leaving it for 30 seconds, before placing it above your eyelashes. This allows to glue to go tacky, which will make it stick down better.
I found that once I had applied the eyelashes my eyes actually started to water quite a bit. This could just be my eyes, as of yet i'm not too sure but do be careful incase this happens to you. Perhaps apply the eyelashes before any face or eye makeup to avoid mess if you're not too sure?
Other than this though the product was fabulous and a brilliant buy. It's the only eyelash glue that has ever worked for me and I shall continue to use it in the future!
Not being the most experienced of false eyelash wearers, I decided one of my new years resolutions would be to master the art of the false lash application. Admittedly I have a pair of the MAC wispy lashes that have been sat in the bottom of my makeup bag longing to be used, and sadly I have tried to ignore these fiddly to apply things for too long.
After doing a bit of research online to find out the best way to apply these lashes with optimum results and minimum fuss, I feel that there is no easy way. I decide the best course of action is to get stuck in and hope that practcie makes perfect.
Firstly the common product for application for lashes in all the tutorials is the DUO adhesive. False eyelashes do come pre-glued but there is no way the very slight tackiness would stay fixed on my lash line. I also find having a makeup brush to hand (preferably a straight edge one) can help so I dig out my small angled brush for back up.
Right, so the DUO adhesive comes in a white rectangle box, with the DUO logo boldly printed in a vibrant blue/turquiose colour. The packet also has the ingredients, mostly containing rubber latex, listed on the back with two barcode strips. Net weight at 1/2oz / 14g. Inside is a white tube with the same design and clear instructions.
Instructions - Apply thin layer and let stand for 30 seconds before application. To remove DUO rub gently with cleaning cream. Replace cap after use. This product contains latex and other natural rubber protiens.
The instructions seem clear and simple enough so in a few minutes I should have my false lashes applied and staying on. The glue is the same as I would expect, like PVA but I am assuming it dries quicker and is easier to remove due to its rubbery nature.
I take the lashes and drop a small blob of glue on the back of my hand and wait for it to get slightly tacky. Whilst I wait I wrap the lashes around the back of a makeup brush so that the lashes follow the curve of my own. After 5-10 seconds I quickly sweep the straight edge of the lashes through the glue and get ready to apply, here goes! I stick them on as close to the lash line as possible and use the angled brush to push them as close as I can to my natural lashes and let them dry. I repeat for the second eye. I should point out I applied these after I applied my makeup, it's alot simpler that way round.
Lashes applied, and a quick sweep of liquid liner to cover any of the white glue, and a quick wave of the mascara and hey presto... we are done! For a first attempt I feel I did ok, perhaps I need to get the positioning slightly better as my lashes should have been more towards the outside of the eye instead of the corner but I am very happy with the effect. They look long and wispy, perhaps a bit too dramatic for everyday use but nethertheless they look good. I can still feel they are glued on perhaps just because this is all new to me and after an hour I barely notice, for those who regularly apply lashes you probably wouldn't batter an eyelid at it! The glue holds up great throughout the day, and before bed I quickly pull them off with ease and no pain, even better. Quite surprised but it didn't ruin my makeup, which was wasted on me having to remove it anyway before bed. I reach for the asda baby wipes...
Overall, for someone who is new to the whole enhancing your lashes experience I found it easy to understand how to apply, and feel that the product did the job brilliantly. This one tube will probably last me many years as I simply don't have the time to wear false lashes daily, although I will be practicing. I bought DUO adhesive from the MAC website for £8.50 at the same time as my false lashes, glad I did as there is nothing worse than having the wrong tools for the job. It may seem expensive for glue but it will last ages. Definately a good buy.
MAC Duo Lash Adhesive
Price £8.50 for 14g. A safe, latex adhesive to use with false eyelashes which can be bought at any MAC counter.
I think that the price of MAC eyelashes are a little over-priced so bought this glue to use with cheaper lashes and found it works brilliant. Can't believe I have never found this out before. I never used to wear eyelashes as I also found them to be too fiddly and hard to put on so I always made a mess of them and they wouldn't stay, which now I know is mainly due to the glue coming with these cheap eyelashes. However, after finding this glue I can't get enough of false eye lashes. I have really short blonde eyelashes so I love wearing false ones.
It is in liquid form when dispensed from the tube and quickly changes to a rubber-like consistency when exposed to the air. Duo Surgical Adhesive is available in clear only. Quite a large white tube (with the words 'DUO' in blue)(14g) which goes a long way as only a little needs to be used on each lash. The only downside is the glue does take a while to dry. The glue comes out white and you have to wait around 2 mins for the glue to dry clear and go tacky, even althought the glue states this process only takes 30 seconds.
Rubber Latex, Water, Ammonium Hydroxide and Formalin (Methenamine), Fragrance, Cellulose Gum, Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate.
I tend to wear my eyelashes all day and at the end of the day they are still firmly in place. When going out and wearing heavy dramatic eyelashes they still manage to stay in place without the need of touching them up but I do tend to pop the cheap mini glue that comes with most eyelashes in my bag - just in case.
To remove the eyelashes you can either use a removal solution or just peel them off from the inner corners. One time I was just wearing false eyelashes for a short period (about two hours or so) and when I went to take the eyelashes off and they were really stuck to my lashes which shows how good the glue is. However, the glue does not harm your eyes and can be easily removed with a make-up wipe.
I would recommend this product to anyone who regular wears false eyelashes. I know that the price may put some people off but trust me it really is worth it.
This stuff is AMAZING! It's one of those perfect products that you would be at a total loss without, and would know of nothing to replace it! I have a huge collection of false lashes, it's an addiction! At this moment in time I have around fifteen pairs. I can't go out without them now, I feel so naked!
I bought this glue as a recommendation from a makeup artist, and got it at a MAC concession in Selfridges in Manchester Exchange Square. Almost all eyelashes come with the free teeny tube of glue that is AWFUL! A secret tip is to check out pound stores and discount stores for very cheap lashes, because often these are as good as the mid-range prices pairs. As long as you have great glue, you can use which ever lashes you like!
So if the price of around £7.50 is putting you off, think of the money you will save. This also means you can put the tiny free tube of glue that comes with the lashes, into your handbag 'just encase'! Although I've never had any of those moments...
The biggest mistake people make is not letting the glue to set for long enough. This stuff is incredible. I party hard all night long and this stuff keeps lashes in place ALL night long!
I'm shocked I even have any left as my housemates used to always come knocking on my door asking to borrow it! This is a true investment, go for it, you won't be at all disappointed!
I have a slight penchant for false eyelashes. In fact it's probably more than just slight fondness its borderline obsession. I have shorter fluttery ones, long fluttery ones, thick long lashes and even thicker longer lashes. In many of the eyelash kits I purchase, the glue is included. Some of which like the Eylure brand is very good, whereas the E.L.F glue is terrible. My collection of "free glue" had started to run low as I probably wear false eyelashes at least 3 days per week and most often wear MAC lashes (where glue is not included) so I had to buy some new glue.
Because I regularly buy MAC eyelashes I purchased the DUO glue whilst buying (another) set of false lashes. After speaking to friends I actually realised how difficult it is to get hold of false eyelash glue on its own. Despite selling an extensive collection of false lashes Boots and Superdrug do not sell eyelash glue separately; only in the packs
The DUO glue is available at the MAC counter in most of the department stores. It is also available online at www.maccosmetics.co.uk
The DUO glue does actually seem quite expensive when you first purchase it for £8.32 but in fact it is very good value for money. In total I have probably used the glue from the tube around 25 times now and it's still half full. The glue that comes with many false lash kits only lasts on average two potentially three wears if you are lucky.
The DUO lash glue comes in a 7g tube. The box the tube comes in and also the tube is very plain. The box is white with DUO in a bright blue font. The tube inside also is white with blue font on it and a white lid. The tube has a long thin applicator on the end where the glue comes out of. Very functional rather than looking pretty in your make up bag.
When applying false eyelashes apply the glue onto the top of the lash strip. With the DUO glue allow to dry for around 2 minutes so that the glue feels tacky. This is different to other lash glues that dry immediately. The DUO glue is different consistency wise as it is a "surgical latex adhesive". Once the glue starts to dry it gets a sticky rubbery consistency. Use tweezers to then apply to the lashes once the glue starts to turn this way.
Once in place on the lid hold down the lash and press down using either fingers or a cotton bud and hold for 30 seconds (a cotton bud is more effective). This should stick the lash onto the eyelid securely. The glue may still look white on the eyelid but it will dry clear after around 10 minutes maximum. Depending on the style of false eyelashes or personal preference you may want to add some mascara. On most occasions I don't as the lashes already give enough definition to my eyes.
Although the glue sticks the lashes in place very securely it also is very easy to remove the lashes. Simply peel the false lash from the inner corner outward and the lash comes straight off. Very little residue is left over on the eye and if any is left it easily comes off by using a make up wipe. The glue that is left on the lash can be removed with soapy water. Because of the rubbery consistency of the glue it sometimes even peels off in one piece from the lash dry.
The product does have two downsides. Firstly it does not dry very quickly. The instructions on the box state that the glue should be applied to the edge of the false lash. Leave for 30 seconds and then apply to the eyelid. The product needs to dry for around two minutes before it is effective to stick to the eye. The first few times I used this product I was using slightly too much glue which took even longer to dry (3 minutes) and the lash would slip off my eyelid.
The second downside to the product is that the smell of the glue is slightly fishy and quite unpleasant. This is only until the glue dries but nevertheless it is quite strong.
I did have the misfortune of getting a small amount of the DUO glue in my eye once and also it hurt slightly it did not sting my eye for a long period of time, which is what happened with another brand of eyelash glue. So although I wouldn't recommend getting the glue in your eye it is kinder to the eyes than some products.
The product also works very well with all types and brands of false lashes. With even heavy lashes the glue will stick these to the eyelid all day without needing to reapply. I have a very heavy long and thick pair of MAC lashes and the glue stuck these perfectly from 10am until 11pm that evening.
The only downside to the glue is that I feel it takes slightly longer to dry than other brands which means that if you are in a rush it does get rather frustrating. But apart from that this is in my opinion the best glue available to false lash wearers like me!!
~~~Also posted on ciao 2011~~~
I bought some Duo adhesive from Mac because I hate the tiny eyelash glues that come with most fake lashes and only if you're lucky, you'll find ones that stick properly but a lot of them (especially the ELF ones) have really bad quality glue and they're so tiny that you can only use them for 2 to 3 applications.
So, anyway, this eyelash glue is AWSOME! It's the best lash adhesive I've tried and I've also found another good use for it which I'll tell you about in a bit. A tube of this is currently available at MAC shops and online (maccosmetics.co.uk) for £8.32 and is 15g, which is huge compared to the lash glues that come with most false lashes.
This is a latex based glue and goes on white but dries clear, which is better than the one that dries on dark in my opinion, as the dark one can be messy and more visible.
What I like to do is put some glue onto a tooth pick or tweezers so that I can work more precisely when I apply them to my false lashes. Then, once applied a wait a minute or so until the glue becomes tacky and then I apply the falsies onto my lashes. It then takes a few minutes to dry and once dried, it looks completely clear and seamless.
The staying power of this glue is amazing too. It won't budge or fall off unlike most glues I've tried. However, when you want to remove your falsies, taking this off is no problem and comes off very easily.
Another use I've found for this glue is to use it with glitters or little jewels for the face. As it dries on clear, you won't even notice it when you use it as a base to stick your glitter onto. I often like to use this as a glitter liner base and it does the job beautifully. I also use it to stick little rhinestones to my face or on the tips of my lashes and it holds perfectly as well.
This glue is awesome and I've been using this for over 3 months on a regular basis (2 to 3 times a week) and it doesn't even look like I've hardly used any at all! I expect this glue to last me quite some time. This is definitely good value for money and a must for girls who like to wear falsies with confidence that they won't come loose when you don't want them to.
I love lashes - and try and maximise the look of my eyes at all times. False eyelashes are such a great way of making eyes pop - but I have always found them really difficult to apply - and even more difficult to get them to stay on, unless I have them professionally applied. At the MAC counter one day the girl doing my makeover (side note - these are so great - £25, but you get this back off any purchases) used DUO glue, and ever since then it has been one of my must haves.
To begin with I always used DUO glue with MAC lashes. I really like the MAC lashes - they have a really good selection so you can get a really diverse range of looks. #7 lash is one of the most popular MAC lashes for everyday glamour at a natural length - but I prefer some of the more dramatic looks. If you are careful you can sometimes reuse the lashes (by gently washing in warm soapy water) but at £8.32 a pair - these aren't the cheapest lashes.
If like me you make a mess of your eyelash application and end up wasting lashes, you might want to go for DUO glue - which I think is great and helps to securely stick any old rubbishy lashes. Since I have bought DUO I am on a real eyelash kick - I can't get enough of them, and can afford to wear them all the time. I'm using eyelure at the moment - but I'm on the lookout for some even cheaper ones to test out if I am still pleased with the results.
DUO glue is a "surgical latex adhesive" which you can safely use to apply eyelashes, or other body decorations like little gems. I have only ever seen DUO for sale from MAC in the UK, although they are a separate company.
The very best thing about DUO is the really strong hold. This really does stick lashes on well, which makes application so much easier. I also used to get so frustrated when my lashes started to peel off, especially at the corners - but this glue really does stick the corners down, and they stay stuck. You can easily achieve all-day wear from this glue. The glue is also waterproof, so they don't come loose if the weather gets a bit humid.
--- Application ---
I've always struggled to get my fake lashes on properly - but thanks to the wonders of youtube I have watched loads of videos and managed to get it; I think the trick is to just balance the falsies on your own lashes and then to resist messing with them.
DUO makes lash application even easier - hold the tube upright and allow a bead to appear on the tip of the applicator. Then slowly move the band of the lashes across this bead, trying to apply evenly, and making sure you get right to the tips. The glue goes on white so you can see where it is going, but don't worry it dries clear. It is also a liquid when dispensed from the tube, but quickly changes to a rubber-like consistency when it exposed to the air.
This rubberization (is this is word!?) also makes them nice and easy to remove when you get to the end of the day, and you don't have to worry about damaging your real lashes.
Get It ---
From the MAC counter or store
Or online at http://www.maccosmetics.co.uk/home.tmpl
MAC Duo Adhesive / A safe / latex adhesive to use with MAC Lashes and all MAC body decoration.