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The Elizabethan play Hamlet is one of William Shakespeare's most popular works. One of the possible reasons for this play's popularity is the way Shakespeare uses the character Hamlet to exemplify the complex workings of the human mind. Hamlet is undoubtedly my favourite Shakespeare play and only recently I went to watch it performed at the theatre, with a few friends. Hamlet is a traditional Elizabethan revenge tragedy and a thrillingly entertaining spectacle. I had originally read the book before watching a modern adaptation of it at the theatre. It always makes it more exciting when you have vague memories of the storyline. It makes it far easier to understand the storyline. The main question at the end is whether Hamlet fits the role of a tragic hero during the Elizabethan period when revenge tragedy was a hugely popular genre. The word ?tragedy? as a literary genre has a number of specific elements which set it apart from common conceptions of the word. - A tragedy is usually about one central figure (protagonist), and the play charts their fall from a position of power to their ultimate death. Often others die as a consequence of their actions ? known as the ?multiple death convention.? - The tragic hero is normally a figure of considerable importance, and is often royal. Their death therefore does not just have an individual impact but affects the whole state. - The tragic hero is a person with an exceptional nature, with the ability to feel emotions in an intensified way. However one of their characteristics is to possess a tragic flaw, a fault which would normally be insignificant, but which is revealed by the chain of events and leads directly to their downfall. The play Hamlet clearly follows the dramatic conventions of revenge in Elizabethan theatre. At the beginning of a revenge tragedy a crime is committed and due to the nature of laws and justice, the crime cannot be punished so
the main character is forced to carry out the revenge and commit an act against the law. The protagonist usually experiences a period of doubt, where he is unsure of the truth. The appearance of a ghost is extremely typical to urge the protagonist to go through with the deed. The revenger has a very close relationship with the audience through the use of soliloquies. The crime is generally committed against a close family member so the revenger has personal motives for revenge. In the course of the deed, the revenger and his many helpers are often killed. As you can see, hamlet contains virtually all of these features but the question of whether Hamlet can be considered to be a real tragic hero has been a question of debate for many years. At the end of the play, Hamlet achieves his father?s vengeance but only after being driven to it by the death of his mother, and knowing that he too will die in moments. This is the argument of many, who felt he had nothing to live for and achieved revenge as a last resort. Personally I think that Hamlet can be considered as a tragic hero because he successfully avenged his father?s death, despite of the circumstances. He had a desire to kill Claudius straight away but being a scholar made sure of the ghost?s honesty before taking any action. That is only natural, for one to ensure that what he is doing is right. Hamlet put on a play to prove whether the ghost was telling the truth and discovered he was. He then acted on this and had planned to kill Claudius. For those who have not read it, it is a fascinating and well entertaining read but I would strngly advise to try and watch the play. It is far more fun and easier to understand what is going on.
ISS Pro Evolution 2 was a football game that impressed me a great deal, and signalled a new era of footy games. Having been a fan of the Fifa series, this game was a new experience and a completely different one. The gameplay is completely different to that of Fifa. There are a number of cups and tournaments available with a huge variety of international sides. If there?s one thing I felt the game lacked, that would be that it is not possible to compete with club teams in the friendly mode. After a long session of gameplay, the teams can become quite limited. There are lots of additional features however to bolster the gameplay. A feature I personally like is the way you can edit the appearance, name and style of players to suit your requirements. This can be great fun. The computer can play at a competitive level, something which was lacking in the Fifa games. It took quite some time to master the necessary techniques to dispose of the computer. For anyone who enjoys football games this is a necessity, trust me you will love it! I strongly recommend it to all. However, if football is clearly not your thing then this game will simply be a long painful bore!
To be frank, I am sick and tired of all the moaning and grumbling I have heard about the redesign of the Dooyoo site. Just like the majority of Dooyooers out there, I admit, the new site was not very appealing at first. However, unlike many of you whiners, I have got over it and now am quite fond of the redesign. As a previous website owner, I know how hard a redesign of a site is. It takes ages and ages and at the end people are still not happy with what you have produced. I don?t see many other sites out there at the high level of Dooyoo, so that says something. A lot of the people who hate this redesigned site are probably unfamiliar with the difficulties concerned with a website. Trust me, it is no easy job. Getting the colour co-ordination and the balance of the page right is some task. Yes, Dooyoo could have done a slightly better job of matching the different colours and probably should have taken feedback from Dooyooers of what members liked and disliked about the site but these things happen. No doubt, if there is a next time, Dooyoo will consider these things and produce a site which is liked by the majority of users. I think that whinging will get us nowhere. If you want to go to Ciao, feel free, there is no contract keeping you here. I have read a few reviews since the re-launch and have been full of criticism. Not a good word has been said. Personally, I quite like the links at the top of the page for the different topics on Dooyoo. It saves a lot of time and are easy to scroll through. The site is easier for me to use than it had previously been and I am all in favour of a change from time to time. The old site was becoming boring and dull to view. At least we have something different to feast our eyes upon. We should get over the redesign now and continue as we did on the old site.
I never expected myself to be writing a review on a thing such as Mr. Sheen! However it caught my eye on the new snazzy homepage and I decided to post my thoughts. Mr. Sheen is a big favourite in my household. As chief cleaner (a position I am certainly not proud to hold!), I find Mr. Sheen extremely useful in the cleaning of everyday items. The product is perfect for the general maintenance of the house. The price is extremely reasonable, can?t quite remember it exactly, but certainly not expensive and well worth every penny. It works on all sorts of surfaces and leaves behind a shiny, new image, which is present when you first buy something. The thing I love most about Mr. Sheen is the sweet smelling fragrance it leaves behind. You finish a good clean and can smell the result?it?s just brilliant! I often spray extra at the end, just to get the fine fragrance flowing around the room. As I am one who likes to keep the place clean, Mr. Sheen does the perfect job. It?s quick and easy?just a few sprays and then a wipe down does the job, leaving the furniture sparkling in the afternoon sun ( when it comes out!). Mr. Sheen is a superb product. Cleaning products are hardly my field of knowledge but I know a good product from a bad one!
Gothic horror has always been my favourite genre of novels and over my time I have read many fabulous examples. However Frankenstein is in a class that nothing can match.. The story is full of drama and excitement and a great pleasure to read. Many of you will have seen a version of the story, probably in film, but for those who haven?t, here is a summary of the story. The novel tells the tale of Robert Walton, who takes a journey to the North Pole to discover new things. This has always been his life-long ambition and during his expedition he keeps in touch with his sister by letter. During his travels he meets a strange looking man travelling by dogsled and close to death. Kindly, Walton takes him on board and looks after him until he has somewhat recovered. The man is known as Victor Frankenstein and relates his tale to Walton. Frankenstein had been in a similar position to Walton, extremely keen to discover new things. Frankenstein went beyond the bonds of medicine and created new life form. Unfortunately the creation went wrong and wrecked havoc, killing the whole of Frankenstein?s family in the process. I won?t tell you too much about the story as that will simply ruin it. I want you to read it for yourself and discover what a fantastic novel it is. It is one of my all-time favourite novels and I strongly recommend it to those who have not yet read it. You will love it!
After a superbly successful World Cup, the Brazilians must be flying high. The team shocked many football pundits who gave the current outfit little hope of winning the World Cup. The Brazilians proved to be a team of sheer quality fighting off quality opposition in their glorious campaign. Most spectacular was golden boot winner Ronaldo who revived his international career in style. I watched their progress throughout the World Cup and was greatly impressed by the talent in all areas. Brazil had previously been drawn in the group with Turkey, Costa Rica and China. To be fair this was quite a straightforward group for any strong team but it was still a challenge and the perfect opportunity for Brazil to shine early. Their campaign began with a tough challenge against Turkey, a difficult opener for any team. It was Turkey who made the early impressions and went into the interval with a one goal advantage. Brazil fought back strongly replying with Ronaldo?s clinical finish and took a late penalty through Rivaldo, with the referee awarding a penalty although the challenge had taken place just outside the penalty area. This was lucky for Brazil, but Rivaldo made no mistakes from the spot and Brazil ended the opener with a close 2-1 victory. Next in line was China and this proved to be a practice session for Brazil who ran riot through the Chinese defence, securing a 4-0 victory. Goals were provided by a sensational Carlos free kick, with Rivaldo, Ronaldo and a Ronaldinho penalty to complete the romp. The final group match was played against Costa Rica, a team who I expected to provide Brazil?s toughest challenge so far. The game was a great spectacle to watch, with a Brazilian 5-2 victory. Goals from Ronaldo, Edmilson, Rivaldo, Junior and a Luis Marin own goal set up an encounter with the runners-up from Group H. Brazil proceeded to the second round with considerable ease and faced a tough tie against Belgium. The Belgians
put up a resilient performance with a good share of the possession but second half goals from Rivaldo and Ronaldo gave the skilful Brazilians a narrow victory. This meant Brazil proceeded to the quarter finals where they met England, a side who had looked sound throughout the tournament especially after their 3-0 drubbing of Denmark. After an early England goal through Michael Owen, Brazil fought back strongly and gained a crucial equaliser just before the interval, with Rivaldo finishing off a great Brazilian attack. Early after the break, Brazil took the lead from a miraculous Ronaldinho free kick, which caught Seaman out. Ronaldinho then was sent off but England failed to make the extra man advantage count, as Brazil sneaked home 2-1. The semi-final was against Turkey; a side Brazil had already beaten in the opening group encounter and one that had impressed to reach this stage. The match was closely contested with both sides having chances to take the lead. The only goal of the game came through Ronaldo?s second half strike which was a moment of class to take Brazil through to the final against the Germans and put right the disaster, four years back when they lost to France in the final, having been clear favourites. Germany never really got going in the final making Brazil?s work slightly easier. Ronaldo?s predatory instincts brought him two second-half goals and sealed quite a comfortable victory for the Brazilians, capping off a magnificent World Cup. Brazil deserved to win the World Cup and looked the best outfit from the very start. I think one of the reasons they were successful was their opening group, which was reasonably straightforward and gave their key players a chance to get into form. Rivaldo and Ronaldo were simply superb, with Ronaldo collecting the golden boot prize for the tournament's leading scorer with eight goals. It was a story of personal retribution for Ronaldo, who made up for his poor display in
the final last time round. The victory completed a remarkable journey for the Brazilians who had been written off before the start, following their disappointing qualification campaign. Brazil were a great pleasure to watch and their team of stars came through as worthy winners. "Jill Murphy asked me to write about one of my favourite things to help her celebrate her fourth anniversary of cancer-free living and to remind ourselves of all the nice things in the world. It takes more muscles to make a frown than a smile you know. If you'd like to join in, whether you've only just joined dooyoo, or you've been here ages, you're more than welcome. Just write about one of YOUR favourite things, make your title "A Favourite Thing: [your choice]" and include this paragraph at the foot of your opinion. And post before Friday, 9th August."
The Dooyoo crowns scheme has always been a superb incentive to encourage writers. Only recently Dooyoo increased the value of the crown from 1000 miles to 1500 miles but have also made it harder to achieve a crown. A crowned opinion has great value. When the reader is searching through a topic he is far more likely to read the crowned review as he is guaranteed that the piece is of good quality. It is extremely difficult to receive a crown and many people complain about this fact. However, if Dooyoo were to increase the number of crowns given it would cost them lots more. Lots of crowns are given out as it is. So far I have only achieved the single crown, which I am extremely proud of, but I would like to have received a few more. As the value of reads has decreased over time, a crown worth 1500 miles is as good as 50 reads. That is likely to double the amount of reads you get if not more. The more crowns you receive, the brighter your profile page looks and the greater credibility you have. The best writers' profiles are cluttered with crowns! The better reputation you have, the more reads you are likely to achieve. Crowns are awarded in two main ways. You can either nominate someone's review by clicking the link at the bottom, or the topic guide might recommend your review. The review is then forwarded to the Dooyoo team where it is decided whether the review is worthy of a crown or not. I think you are more likely to gain a crown for a review which is related to a product and so is helping the reader decide, rather than a review written about a team or player. I am yet to see a crowned review which is under approximately seven hundred words. You need to go into great detail to receive a crown; it is no easy thing. I am greatly in favour of the crown scheme and it is the biggest incentive for me to write well. If there was no crown system, people would not take the effort to write such long, de
tailed reviews. The crown system encourage members to write reviews which are far more help to consumers and that is the main aim of Dooyoo.
I know that this topic is "Tips on writing good opinions - How to write a good Internet review" but everything I could possibly advise has already been covered, so I have decided to write about the things which make a bad review. This may be particularly helpful to the newer members at Dooyoo who are unsure how to write a good review. If I was planning to write my first review I would first search for all sorts of help from other Dooyoo members. I am by no means one of the more experienced Dooyoo writers, as writing here is simply a hobby which unfortunately I don't have as much time as I would like. Anyway, less about me, let's get onto the tips and points. Don't get me wrong, I am not an expert in this topic, well I hope not anyway!! Firstly never write a review about something that you know little about. If possible, try to write reviews on your favourite topics and whatever might be your area of expertise. If you have a look at the reviews I have written it is quite easy to realise that my best reviews have been in the field of cricket where I am extremely knowledgeable and can write about with great ease. Many members are extremely good book reviewers and so concentrate in that field. One of the most important points to remember that a good review doesn't necessary have to be pages and pages long. I, for one prefer the shorter reviews which are to the point and embedded with sufficient detail. Many of the longer reviews can be tedious to read and are probably not even read properly by many members. I believe that if you right an extremely long review, most members will simply skim through it, give it a "very useful" rating and go to the next review! The shorter reviews are far easier to read. A key point which I have picked up from reading some members' very first review is that they often write their review in one big section, with a poor use of punctuation and a lack of paragraphing. Para
graphing off your review makes it far more presentable to the reader and aids the reader in reading it. If it is difficult to visualise this on the page then first write your review on Microsoft Word then cut and paste it into the appropriate box. Microsoft Word also provides a handy spellchecker to remove many spelling and grammar mistakes you may have made. It is too easy to make a typing error especially when you are in a rush to finish things. This is something I have seen from many new members and I try to comment upon this in a friendly manner so they are not offended but learn from their mistakes. Gaining a creditable reputation on Dooyoo is extremely important in order for your opinions to be valued by other members. Participating in other features of Dooyoo such as the message board and chat facility can only help you gain recognition and can also be extremely useful for any help you may need or even queries regarding Dooyoo itself. Take time in writing your review and don?t make the mistake of trying to post many reviews on the same day. Many members dislike this and tend to discard your later reviews. Also spend time checking and improving the vocabulary. Take pride in what you have written and try to produce a review which will be most beneficial to other readers. When you write the review the first factor is picking a suitable title. If possible try and make the title sound interesting to lure the reader in. The use of wit goes down very well and originality is a great thing! You need a short and snappy title which seems interesting to the reader so he will read it! Imagine you were surfing on Dooyoo and then think whether the title you have selected would interest you and make you read it. That way is often the best. Try and keep away from dull titles, as it will only gain you less reads. There are an endless number of reviews on Dooyoo, so the title needs to make the reader click on yours ahead of many others. Writ
e a clear, concise review using as much of your personal opinion as possible. Never simply write as much as you possibly can. If possible go through it at the end and cut out bits you feel are unnecessary. A crowned opinion has no significance on the number of words; more important is the quality of the review. Don't just fill up the space with facts, stick to your opinion and then use necessary information to back up your point of view. Remember that the reader can go to the product's website if he wishes to read the facts. It is far interesting to read a person's view on the product and whether you like/dislike it etc. This is a consumer opinion site to provide the reader with a range of views. If everyone simply mentioned the facts it would be a waste of time. Once you have completed your review check over it to make sure what you have written has made sense and there are no grammatical errors. If necessary cut out the waffle to make the review even more concise. What the reader wants to read is a well-written, detailed piece, not a long boring rant. Try and end the piece on an interesting note and if possible try and invite others to contribute in the comment section. If you stick to these simple guidelines you are sure not to fail and over time you will gain the recognition of others. Another way to prove the number of reads you receive is by reading and rating other reviews. I cannot stress to you how important this is. Also writing comments, be it worthy praise or constructive criticism, usually goes down well as the writer acknowledges you have the taken the effort to read the piece. Obviously, do not insult the writer but if appropriate give him advice so he can improve in the future. Remember we can all improve somewhere. On the other hand, if someone criticises you, don't be offended by it. Instead make sure it does not happen again. Commenting on opinions you have read is far better than simply giving it a ra
ting. When the reader sees your comment he may click on your profile and read some of your opinions. Never be dishearted by what someone may have written. I hope this has been of some help to you! Cheers Jackal123
GioInternet provides the cheapest anytime unmetered Internet access throughout the UK at an extraordinary cost of only £7.99. I have just completed my first month using GioInternet?s Anytime Internet service and I have been extremely satisfied with the service and its? reliability. On signing up to the service I was unsure how reliable the product was and whether I would experience regular problems in connecting during night and day. The reason I changed to GioInternet was because I was fed up with the BTOpenworld service which was becoming increasingly expensive and increasingly unreliable! So I set about searching for a new, cheaper ISP which would provide the ideal service which I required. I used many ISP search engines and found GioInternet which was surprisingly cheap, almost unbelievably so. I immediately came to Dooyoo to search for any reviews on this product as I have great faith in my Dooyoo friends who I trust will provide an accurate and helpful review. Unfortunately there was only the one review which I considered useless as I was looking for a variety of opinions to aid me in my decision. I proceeded to the GioInternet website, which at first sight seemed unprofessional and put doubt in my mind on the reliance of the product. Over the next few days I spent hours searching for other ISP?s but decided that this was clearly the best option. I then spent time reading through the terms and conditions and the FAQ?s for GioInternet. After great thought I decided to purchase the service particularly as it was possible to terminate the service within the first month if I was dissatisfied. This convinced me to try out the service as I would only lose £7.99 if things went badly. The registration process was fast and straightforward and within 5-10 minutes I was online on my new connection. Thankfully I connected first time, a good start is always important! I was pleased I had successfully completed the sign-up
process and now had the Internet for use 24-7 at a cheap price. I quickly noticed that the service was significantly faster than BT had been and downloads were conducted at quicker rates, meaning less time was necessary on the Internet. I have been using GioInternet for just over a month now and have encountered no problems apart from the odd difficulty in connecting, which is the case with every ISP. For those of you who may be interested in this service I will tell you more about the products on offer. Firstly I was amazed by the number of services they had on offer. There are three anytime packages: ANYTIME 100: This is priced at £6.95 a month and is available for users to log on anytime during the day but has a restriction of 100 hours every month. ANYTIME 200: This is priced at £8.95 a month and is the same as above but has a restriction of 200 hours every month. ANYTIME 300: This is priced at £10.95 a month with a restriction of 300 hours every month. There is SURF ACCESS ? EVENING AND WEEKENDS package priced at £7.95 and available from 6pm-8am Monday to Friday and 6pm Friday all through the weekend to 8am Monday. For users who find it more convenient to surf during the day there is a DAYTIME package available from 8am-6pm Monday to Friday and costing £9.95 a month. All the above packages have a contention ratio of 12:1. Many of you may be unsure of what this means but basically this is very good and maintains high connection speeds. There are two unlimited home packages available 24/7: GIO UNIVERSAL: This is £7.99 (the package I have subscribed to) with a user contention ratio of 20:1. The usage guidelines are approximately 250 hours a month, GIO UNLIMITED: This is £14.99 with a user contention ratio of 12:1 and usage guidelines of approximately 400 hours a month. There are two business packages: GIO BUSINESS (daytime) which is £16.50 and providing
Internet access from 8am to 6pm. GIO BUSINESS 24/7 which is £23.95 providing unmetered access day and night. Both these packages have a contention ratio of 5:1. There is an INSOMNIAC package for night users at only £3.95 providing access from 1am to 8am. There is no cut-off and a contention ratio of 1:1. Finally there are four ISDN packages: GIO IGNITE which is £19.95 with a contention ratio of 20:1, 24 hours a day. GIO IGNITE PLUS which is £27.95 with a contention ratio of 12:1, 24 hours a day. GIO IGNITE GOLD which is £39.95 with a contention ratio of 5:1, available 24 hours a day. GIO OPIUM which is £25.95 with a contention ratio of 5:1, available during the day from 8am to 6pm. It is clear to see that there is a huge variety of packages available catering for different users. Apart from the Insomniac package which has no cut-off time, there is a cut-off time of two hours but it is possible to re-connect instantly. Registration is extremely straightforward and payment can be made using a number of different cards. All call charges are included in the payment so there will be nothing on your phone bill in terms of Internet call charges. GioInternet supply a number of e-mail accounts which can be used through Outlook Express etc. There is a ten-minute inactivity cut-off, if the Internet has not been used. In conclusion, this ISP is a superb one offering a variety of products for different users. I have been with them for just over a month now and have experienced no problems in connecting, maintaining a regular and fast connection through day and night. For anyone who is looking for a new ISP or even wants a cheaper option as I did, GioInternet is my strong recommendation. They are not yet widely recognised so make use of the low prices! If you are not satisified after signing up with the service it is possiblt to terminate your service online by logging into you personal user panel, wh
ere other information can be obtained such as time spent online in the latest month and the average time spent online. Further information is available at the website and the e-mail service is prompt and extremely useful. As a last word I would strongly advise you to consider this as it is fast, reliable and a lot cheaper than most ISP?s. Cheers Jackal123
The current Big Brother has been extremely excruciating to watch and has dropped considerably from the excitement of the original series. From the very start, the characters seemed very dull and this has been the unfortunate case so far! The series offers very little entertainment to viewers and shows the housemates lousing around all day. The one thing I like is Sunday's hour long episode when the pyschologists are present and they offer their analytical views of the housemates. This can be reasonably interesting to watch and is the one plus point of Big Brother. In comparison to many other countries, the UK version is extremely dull with very little interesting activity going on. The main thing I have been extremely unhappy with is the unbelievable coverage of it on E4. The program is on day and night when it is possible to watch it 24 hrs a day selecting the interactive option. E4 used to be one of my favourite channels but the presence of Big Brother has simply ruined it. The original Big brother was quite interesting but the program has quickly declined and is now a continous bore! I hope this is the final series.
This is not quite the product listed in the list but it is very similar so I thought I?d post it here! When I first considered purchasing this product, I was extremely unsure about the pros and cons of a CD-rewriter and whether the installation of the internal drive would prove to be a great hassle and problem! However my desire to have the ability to make CDs of all my favourite tracks overcame in the end and I went along to PC World to make the purchase, having waited a few weeks for the product to be in stock. Having purchased the CD-rewriter I now faced the most difficult task of all, installing it into my computer. Since I am only an amateur at computers I was quite afraid of messing the installation up and totally ruining my PC! However, the product cam packed with a handy installation guide which was straightforward to follow even for the novice types like me. In all it only took me a couple of hard-working hours to install before I was busy burning CD?s and admiring this fantastic bargain! The LG CD-Rewritable Recorder works extremely quickly. It has up to 40x read speeds, 10x copy speeds and 16x write speeds. The software accompanying it is extremely simple to use and creating CDs is not a problem! I have found great excitement with the purchase of my CD-rewriter and think it is a superb product to have on your computer. I would recommend this brand name to all, as it is extremely reliable and well worth the money paid.
Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California in 1902. His family owned land in the area, but they were not rich. As a youth he loved the outdoors and nature, but he also read widely. He attended Salinas High School until 1919 when he went to Stanford University to study marine biology. He took a number of jobs to help him pay his way through university, including a job on a ranch near King City in the Salinas Valley. He left university in 1925 without taking a degree, determined to be a writer. He had a number of jobs before his first novel, Cup of Gold, about the 17th century pirate Henry Morgan, was published in 1929. Most of his early work is set in Southern California and describes the life of people working on the land. The Pastures of Heaven (1932), To a God Unknown (1933), Tortilla Flat (1935), In Dubious Battle (1936), Of Mice and Men (1937), The Long Valley (1938) and The Red Pony (1938) are all set in this area and portray realistically the lives of working men and women. The natural world he portrays is beautiful but it is also wild and can be cruel and savage. His characters are often poor and oppressed caught up in a battle for survival against nature or against their fellow men. Steinbeck?s best known work, The Grapes of Wrath (1939), is an account of a family from the impoverished Oklahoma dust bowl migrating to California during the economic depression of the 1930s. It was accepted not only as realistic fiction, but also as a moving document of social protest against the way such migrant workers were exploited. The world Steinbeck portrays in his early novels and short stories is essentially a world of men, and violence is a common occurrence. His female characters are often peripheral to the action and briefly sketched in. There are no deep psychological insights into his characters and relationships are rarely explored. Relationships between men and women, in particular, are characterised by a lack of communication and so of incompre
hension. Men and women rarely understand each other in Steinbeck?s novels. Men?s horses and dogs seem to be a more natural part of their lives than their women do. During the war years Steinbeck worked for the American government and in 1943 he went to Europe as a war correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune. His later works include The Moon is Down (1942), Cannery Row (1944), The Wayward Bus (1947), East of Eden (1952), The Winter of Discontent (1961), and America and Americans (1968). In 1962 he wrote Travels with Charley, an autobiographical account of a trip across America with his pet poodle Charley. He lived the latter part of his life in New York City where he died in 1968.
Of Mice and Men is a truly fantastic novel written by John Steinbeck. It is based around the 1930s period in American and Steinbeck uses the novel to express the general atmosphere which was present at the time. The title of the novel is taken from Robert Burns' famous poem, "To a Mouse, On Turning Her Up In Her Nest With The Plough." The last line ("The best laid schemes o' mice an' men, Gang aft agley") means "often go wrong." Steinbeck transfers the pity felt by Burns for the mouse, to the poor men whose plans are similarly wrecked by an unkind fate. The novel is about two ranch-workers, George and Lennie, who have a dream throughout the novel that one day they will have their own little plot of land and be their own master. Their dream is to live of the fatta the lan. They work on the ranch to earn enough money to purchase the land they have in mind. During the novel, Crooks, the stable buck, and Candy the old swamper, also join the same dream and the four of them make plans to succeed in their dream. Lennie, who is very childlike, is the full-time responsibility of George and they are lifetime partners. Lennie has already forced the two of them out of the ranch at Weed, under the charges of rape. Lennie has a nature to pet anything and loves to feel shiny dresses. His unbelievable strength meant that when the girl tried to escape, he panicked and held on. The girl then reported Lennie on account on rape. George then decided that there only hope was to run away, so he took Lennie and moved to another ranch. They join the ranch and work together for quite a while. However at the ranch is Curley's wife, who is a beautiful young girl and catches they eye of Lennie. Curley is the son of the boss at the ranch and his wife is regarded as a "tart". One day, Lennie gets chatting with her and then wants to feel her dress. Curley's wife tries to shrug him off and Lennie, being
so childlike, panics and holds on. Lennie accidentally grabs her neck and holds on with such a powerful grip that her neck snaps and she dies. Lennie then runs away and hides where George has instructed him. When the rest of the workers return, they find out what has happened and gather a search party to find and lynch Lennie. George knows that it will be the end of Lennie so he goes and finds him. Unfortunately, George has no other option but to shoot him. He does so in the back of the head so Lennie experiences as little pain as possible. You may think this is a cruel thing but George does it for the good of Lennie. He shoots him so Lennie dies a happy man, with the dream ever present in his mind. George shoots Lennie himself so that he does not regret it at the end. This refers to earlier on in the novel when Candy's dog is shot because it is too old and is hurting itself by living on. Candy agrees for the dog to be killed but afterwards he regrets that he did not kill it himself. So George decides not to make the same mistake and shoots Lennie himself. The novel is a tragic one and the major dream of the characters is shattered. The novel ends when George kills Lennie and is an extremely emotional end. ============================================================================ ANALYSIS: Throughout the novel many themes are illustrated by Steinbeck, relating to the context of the novel. The book is set in the American period of 1930s when people were classed according to their race or gender. The opening chapter of Of Mice and Men sharply establishes he important relationship between the two primary characters, George and Lennie. George and Lennie are portrayed as two completely opposite characters. However, they fit together perfectly. Steinbeck clearly illustrates this point when the characters are first introduced and from then on they are displayed as opposites. The relationship between George and Lenn
ie is also made clear right from the beginning. Throughout George acts as if he is Lennie's father, instructing him what to do, just as a parent would. This is quickly established as George tries to prevent Lennie drinking the dirty water. Lennie continually acts as a young child would. George does everything for him and keeps care of important valuables such as their work cards. Lennie is portrayed in the novel as a small child mentally, being looked after by his guardian George. Lennie looks up to George as his idol, imitating exactly what he does and then checking to make sure he has done it perfectly right. Another clear example of Lennie's childish behaviour is when he starts crying after George throws the mouse away and tells him he can't have it. However, George and Lennie share a master and servant relationship at times. George regularly orders Lennie and at times treats him just like a slave. George orders Lennie until he gives in. At times, George has ambivalent feelings towards Lennie. He feels both anger and affection at the same time. He cannot control his emotions with Lennie. This is shown over a very simple thing when Lennie says that he likes his beans with ketchup. George shouts angrily at Lennie for a while and then at the end he loses his anger and looks ashamed. Although Lennie is so big and powerful, on the inside he?s afraid and timid of what George will do. Steinbeck constantly uses the adverb ?timidly? when describing Lennie. Steinbeck also uses imagery to compare Lennie to an animal. Throughout the novel George gives constant reminders to Lennie of how life could be without him. Inside George resents the fact that Lennie is his life partner and they are stuck together for the rest of his life. Nevertheless George sticks with Lennie though thick and thin and together they form a team. Both characters have a strong relationship with each other and this forms an important part of the novel.
As soon as George and Lennie arrive at the bunkhouse Steinbeck illustrates the difficulties of life as a ranch worker. Their living quarters are uncomfortable with only rough burlap mattresses to sleep on. Ranch workers own such few possessions and own nothing that doesn't fit in an apple box. They can only afford the absolute necessities and have no room for luxuries. When George discovers the can of insect repellent hidden in his mattress, it shows us another aspect of the bunkhouse. The place is unhygienic and often contains fleas and lice, common for a bunkhouse at that time. The bunkhouse also painfully establishes the cruel, unfair nature of the world; a theme Steinbeck constantly portrays and develops throughout the novel. An important feature brought to our notice is the treatment of Crooks, the stable buck at the ranch. Crooks is referred to as a "nigger", which was an insulting name for a black person. This clearly relates to the social context of the novel, which is set in the period of American history, when black people were not seen as equals to white people and they were kept well apart. In the novel, Crooks has his own separate rooms and is singled out from the rest of the people. Prejudice against Negroes was such at this time that a black man would be lunched at the mere suggestion that he had laid a hand on a white woman. Amongst the workers at the ranch there is a significant number of differences. Between the characters there is a great amount of distrust which creates the loneliness built up on the ranch. At the ranch, every man is on his own apart from George and Lennie who are such great companions. This is the reason why everybody is so astounded at the relationship George and Lennie share. Throughout the novel, women are simply regarded in a sexual way. Women are shown no respect and are considered useful for sex and nothing else. From the very opening introduction of Curley's wife, Steinbeck por
trays her as a "tart". Once again, Steinbeck's portrayal of women links back to the social context of the novel when women were good for sex only. Of Mice and Men derogatorily assigns women only two lowly functions: caretakers of men and sex objects. Regardless of their place in the real world, the novel altogether dismisses women from its vision of paradise. Female sexuality is described as a trap laid to ensnare and ruin men. George and Lennie imagine themselves alone, without wives or women to complicate their vision of tending the land and raising rabbits. Much like a traditional, conservative Christian interpretation of the myth of man's expulsion from the Garden of Eden, the novel presents women as a temptation leading to man's fall from perfection. Curley's attack on Lennie is a reflection of the male, macho environment the men on the ranch live in. Men must be seen to be had and tough. Curley feels because he is small he has to prove himself by taking on men bigger than himself. Added to this is the problem that Curley is suspicious that his wife is flirting with the men and he is afraid of looking like a fool in the men?s eyes. George's attitude to women generally in the novel gives me the conclusion that he is a confirmed misogynist. Throughout the novel, Steinbeck takes a proleptic approach, preparing for something that happens later on. Most significant is Candy's comment to George when he regrets allowing a stranger to shoot his dog and wishes he had done it himself. This occurs at the end of the novel, when George is forced to shoot Lennie, but does it himself, rather than let him be killed by the others. In Of Mice and Men, Steinbeck portrays an extremely cruel world. Most of the characters are handicapped in some way, be it because of their race, gender or age. The fear Candy has of being sacked because he is too old, establishes the fact that once something is old, it is considered useless and
usually got rid off. This little paragraph sums up this statement. Of Mice and Men is a truly fantastic novel and was an enjoyable read for me. The book is only short and for a quick reader, can be read in a few hours. The nature and personalities of the characters gives the reader a perfect idea of what was like in 1930?s America. The book can be quite emotional to the softhearted. There is a whole atmosphere of loneliness and distrust created by Steinbeck throughout the novel, and he does this brilliantly. The book is extremely interesting and Steinbeck creates tension and interest at important parts of the novel. Only a few weeks ago I watched a modern adaptation of the novel and like the book it was extremely enjoyable. That was the reason I decided to write about it. John Steinbeck is a fabulous writer and this novel is a demonstration of his ability. If you have not read it yet, I would strongly recommend it. It is an easy read and suitable for all ages. I loved it.
There has been very little interest in this section of Dooyoo, and so I thought I would offer my opinion on the current situation in the South African team. The South African team has always been under the shadow of the legendary Australian team, over the past couple of years and the ongoing series against the Aussies was a perfect chance for them to prove their ability. However, just like most other test cricket nations they have been totally outclassed and currently trail 2-0 in the series with the series lost and only one test remaining. To be honest I never thought the current South African line-up would pose a major threat to the Aussies but I didn?t expect them to be so totally outclassed. The South African team is one of terrific ability with strengths in all departments of the game. The present line-up would overpower any side in the world apart from the mighty Aussies. The batting and bowling attacks are very strong and with a fully fit Alan Donald their bowling is arguably the best in the world. In my opinion, their major strength lies in their talented all-rounders. Players such as Shaun Pollock, Jacques Kallis, Lance Klusener and Nicky Boje, have their strengths but are both useful with the bat and the ball. Also, the South African team is possibly the best fielding side in the world. Their fielding is so well disciplined, a key factor that they possess. This comes in handy especially during the one-day matches where runs and wickets are vital. Their superb display of fielding wins them many matches, as a brilliant catch or piece of fielding can change the game around and swing it in your favour. My in-depth analysis is mainly going to concentrate on the current South African Test team, as we cricket lovers know that the test match form of the game is the most important. Apart from the World Cup, One-Day International?s bear little significance. The test line-up that played in the most recent test of this series agains
t the Aussies is undoubtedly an extremely talented side but in my view there are weaknesses that can be worked on in the future. HERSCHELLE GIBBS: Gibbs has only recently returned to the team after being out for a long while, under the charges if matchfixing in the Hansie Cronje scandal. Since his return he has considerably strengthened the batting attack as he has great talent and the ability to score tons of runs! I have always been fond of the strokeplay of Gibbs and in full flow, he is a great batsman to watch. Gibbs has enjoyed a very successful career, with a test average of 40 and a one-day average of 33. An average of 40 in test cricket is a difficult feat to achieve and is regarded as quite an achievement. Since his return to cricket he has settled in reasonably well and has found his stride once again. GARY KIRSTEN: Kirsten has been one of South Africa?s most consistent batsmen for quite a while and has well deserved his opening key role. Together with Gibbs they have formed a superb partnership and have gained an understanding together. He has been a superb addition to the team since making his debut against the Aussies in 1993. During his career, he has put together a fantastic average of 42, displaying his consistency and ability to score important runs. In the ongoing series against Australia, Kirsten has been quite unsuccessful and failed to score a significant number of runs. The opening partnership with Gibbs has also continually failed and has been a reason of South Africa?s poor batting display. The opening partnership is an extremely important one and in the past Gibbs and Kirsten have batted extremely well and get the team off to a good start, allowing the middle-order players to build on the opening. South Africa?s strength has been with their opening batsman who have been very successful. BOETA DIPPENAAR: Dippenaar is quite a youngster in the team with 13 test matches under his belt. I have seen very little of this b
atsman but from what I have read he seems to be quite a promising youngster. At the age of 24 he has a long career ahead of him and is yet to show his true ability, following a quite dismal tour against Australia. He plays an important role at no. 3. However I would play him at no. 4 and move Kallis back into the crucial no. 3 position, where he has been so successful. The no. 3 position in the batting line-up is the most important and needs to be occupied by a well capable and experienced batsman. Against the Aussies, Dippenaar has been quite poor and scored very few runs. His bad form has taken a great toll on the rest of the team. I feel if he was moved down the order to no.4 or even no. 5 he would be far more successful in a role less important. Dippenaar is only a youngster yet and is a promising talent for the future. With a few more test appearances he will develop his technique and be a more influential character in the team. JACQUES KALLIS: From the whole South African team, Jacques Kallis is one of my favourite players. He has a mass of talent and over the years has been a tremendously dangerous all-rounder and a real asset to the team. He has quite a miraculous average of 48.88 with the bat, let me tell you, no easy feat to achieve. He has been one of South Africa?s most consistent players with both the bat and ball. His strength is with the bat but is extremely useful with the ball, with an average of 28. He regularly scores runs and has the ability to score at quite a speedy rate, always a handy ability for any batsman. I would certainly play him at the crucial no. 3 position as he is a tremendously able batsman and has the ability to adjust to the match position. If there has been an early wicket, he is the perfect player to come in and steady the boat, keeping the scoreboard ticking at the same time. I have been a great admirer of his, and he has a natural feel about him that I really love. In my view, he is certainly one of the best
, if not the best, all-rounder in the world. His addition to the test team has really strengthened the whole team, with his ability to score runs and to take wickets. He is a superb batsman and in my view the ideal batsman to play at no. 3. I can?t see why he has been moved to no. 4, as he is playing a less important role and Dippenaar does not have the ability to play such a position. Kallis bowls fast medium and is a good support bowler to come on at the second change. He has a unique ability to swing the ball a great deal and on a bowler-friendly wicket he can cause great problems to the opposition. He has never played a great role as a bowler but is always there and can be used according to the pitch conditions and whenever necessary. NEIL McKENZIE: Since his introduction to test cricket McKenzie has done nothing amazing but has been a useful batsman to complete the middle-order. He has been pretty consistent as his average of 37 clearly shows. He does the perfect job to come in at no.5 and score some runs quite slowly whilst keeping the runs moving. McKenzie has only been in the team for just over a year and is still developing his technique and gaining experience game by game. Experience is vital for any batsman and players develop as they gain further experience and become used to the varying conditions as they travel from country to country. I think McKenzie has a lot of potential and has a long time to settle in the team. He has the potential to become quite a superb batsman but needs further developing if he is to fulfill his potential. I look forward to seeing the development of McKenzie over the years, as his presence is vital in the batting line-up. He had a great innings of 87 against the Aussies in the opening test match and showed what he can do. LANCE KLUSENER: Klusener is another tremendous all-rounder and is extremely capable with both the bat and ball. He is not quite as talented as Kallis but he has his own strengths, in
particular his big hitting, which I have seen on many occasions. He has a batting average of 33 and a bowling average of 37. He is reasonably talented at both aspects of the game and certainly an asset to the team. Any all-rounder is a key figure to the team and the bulk of them in the South African team is a reason for their success over the past few years. I have never been a great fan of Lance Klusener and in my opinion he is only an average player. He has ability but not to be a world-class player. However he is a key player and plays well for his country. MARK BOUCHER: Boucher has established his place in the side as the wicket keeper and has been extremely successful over the past few years. He also plays the role of vice-captain and may take on the job as captain in the future. He has ability with the bat but can be extremely inconsistent. When on form he is a superb lower-order batsman and contributes with high scores sometimes progressing to score a century. He is certainly one of the best wicketkeepers in the world and has kept wicket very well. Boucher is still reasonably young and has a lot of life left in him. I look forward to watching him over the next few years, as he is an extremely entertaining batsman. SHAUN POLLOCK: Following the Hansie Cronje scandal, Pollock took the difficult role of captaining the South African side and has done a superb job. As a bowler he has a tremendous average of 20, something extremely difficult to maintain over the years. He has bags of experience and together with Allan Donald forms the body of the South African bowling attack. Pollock is also handy with the bat but since he took on the huge responsibility of captain, I feel his batting suffered as a result and he has been batting quite poorly over the past few months. His bowling is unbelievably superb, as highlights with his stunning average. One can only speak highly of Shaun Pollock and over the years he has become a legendary player. With over
250 wickets under his belt Shaun Pollock has achieved great amounts for his nation. He has always been near the top of the ratings and his bowling is consistently brilliant. Pollock still has a few years left to play, and no doubt he will continue to impress with his bowling. Pollock is very handy with the bat and many innings come to mind of where he has swung the game round in favour of his team. He has a huge responsibility in the side and he handles it extremely well. Another key all-rounder for South Africa and the most important one. CLAUDE HENDERSON: Henderson is the latest addition to the South African team, making his test debut only a few months ago. I have seen very little of this bowler so far but as the only spinner his role is an important one. In all departments South Africa are very strong but when it comes to a spinner they have fallen short for quite some time. Henderson may be the perfect bowler to create the right balance needed in any international side. Until South Africa find a quality spinner they will find it difficult to compete against the Aussies and even become the best side in the world. ALLAN DONALD: Donald is one of my all-time favourite bowlers and I was pleased when he decided to return to test cricket following his retirement. With an average of 21, Donald has experienced a superb career and with Shaun Pollock, they have formed a destructive opening bowling pair. Donald has all the attributes for a fast bowler. These include lightning pace and natural height giving him an advantage. He has been hit by many niggling injuries and even at the present time he is not fully fit. Donald has been quite a miraculous bowler and has achieved lots for his country, including the 300 wicket barrier, an impressive achievement. He has been the key to their success over the past few years and when on form he can run through any batting line-up in the world, including that of the Australians. MORNANTAU HAYWARD: Hay
ward completes the bowling attack for the South Africans and is a hugely talented fast bowler. Hayward has been plagued with injuries which have affected his bowling and he has considerably lost pace. I don?t think Hayward will ever achieve the potential he had when he first arrived at the scene of international cricket. He is an extremely useful bowler but I don?t think he is good enough to replace Allan Donald. That is the current South African test line-up and as you can see there is a mass of talent there with some tremendous players. They have the perfect balance for a side but are lacking a quality spinner. I have been surprised at the dismal performance against the Aussies and I expected a far better fight. However they have established themselves as the second best team in the world and quite a way ahead of the rest of the field. I think the key to their side is the number of all-rounders who are all useful in some way. In particular Kallis and Pollock are great assets to the side with both bat and ball. They have arguably the best opening partnership with both the bat and ball, in the world. They have a batch of promising youngsters who look good to fill in for the older players in the future. Their fielding is superb and one of the best in the world. They are always immaculate in the field and as I mentioned earlier their fielding has won them many matches. I think there are very minor weaknesses in the middle-order which is quite fragile and easily liable to collapse under pressure. South Africa are an extremely talented side and are great fun to watch when playing well.
PC Gamer is a magazine I have only recently gained real interest in, but I have enjoyed reading it and find it quite useful. One may think that 4.99 is quite expensive for a magazine of this sort, but I tell you, it is well worth its price. For a PC gamer like myself this magazine is by far the most appropriate. The magazine almost always contains free cd?s with demos, a thing I really like. A demo gives you a perfect idea of what the game will be like and I have bought many games having first tried out the demo, which is the cheaper version! The magazine contains detailed reviews of games about to be releasd offering accurate ratings of the gameplay, such as graphics and features. There are five main sections to the magazine: Reviews ? No need to explain that one, I think! First Look ? giving screenshots of games about to be released and offering concise opinions. Hardware ? Reviews on hardware and helpful hints on troubleshooting. Tips ? A proper cheat area with selected games, and a Q&A section with advice and handy hints. Features ? Quizzes and competitions offering the reader a chance to win a prize. The magazine is jam-packed with colourful information and at its quite dear price, I think it is well worth it! Money well spent. If you haven?t tried it, do so, it?s a gamers heaven!