* Prices may differ from that shownMore Offers
I love rock music, makes me happy and energetic. While I lived in Hungary I haven't heard of "Indie rock" as an expression however a few tracks were played from time to time by my favourite radio station. How does this confession come to Michael Bublé? Well, my heart beats faster when I hear rock music but my soul dances when I listen to a good swing. I used to dance 2-3 years when I was younger with different partners and my favourite dances were swing, Ballroom (English) Waltz, Viennese Waltz and rock & roll.
I haven't discovered Michael Bublé until last month. I read reviews about his albums but to be honest I haven't paid that much attention to him. The way I came across him was searching for the original version of Fever, a track I consider the sexiest songs ever. I was looking for the different artists' performance on youtube and listening to them as I remembered a version which I really loved. Michael Bublé's performance was so brilliant that I checked his other tracks too and I swayed with him...
Who is Michael Bublé? He is a Canadian jazz, swing and soft rock singer. I tend to generalize and say that Canadian musicians are pretty good... Just to mention a few: Bryan Adams, Arcade Fire, Celine Dion and Michael Bublé... He is the son of a fisherman. His father's family is from Italy. His father took him out fishing so he knows what hard work means... What I like in him is that despite his not too masculine outlook his songs and his voice reflect clearly that he is the man. That's what I like in Waltz too...
So back to the music and to the album... It was only a few weeks ago that I discovered him and I started with his first album which was released in February 2003. My review is almost up to date, only 7 and half years late. Never mind still sounds fresh! The Michael Bublé album has 13 tracks, I can't say that all of them are my favourite but I quite like them.
1. Fever (3:51)
I don't even have to mention that this is THE SONG for me. Simply I love this track. There is no day without this song as I put it on my mp3 player which I take out when jogging or swimming. "Never know how much I love you, never know how much I care,
When you put your arms around me, I get a fever that's so hard to bear..." This is the sexiest songs ever and I sizzle while listening to it. I love his passion as he sings this song and the band plays wonderfully in the background. I love the Peggy Lee version too but as a woman I prefer listening from a man. I prefer Bublé's version to Elvis's who sang Fever too. 10/10
2. Moondance (4:13)
It is a very nice jazz track if you love Van Morrison's Moondance you would like this one too. The trumpets give a definition to this song and Michael Bublé's voice is really good to this genre of music, the band gets a higher role which I personally like. "A fantabulous night to make romance, 'Neath the cover of October skies" Despite the romantic and appealing lyrics and lovely voice of Bublé this song doesn't belong to my favourite ones. 6/10
3. Kissing a Fool (4:34)
This track starts like a ballad and becomes jazzy from the second part of the track. The piano music is my soft point so this song belongs to my favourite ones. The piano and trumpet are two dominant instruments that back Bublé. I like the original version sang by George Michael too so it is hard to choose which I prefer. "You are far, I'm never gonna be your star,
I'll pick up the pieces, and mend my heart..." 8/10
4. For Once in My Life (2:32)
The shortest track of the album is a jazz again. Starts with a dominant instrumental intro then Bublé starts singing "For once in my life, I've got someone who needs me, Someone I've needed so long..." The lyrics of this track is really appealing to me so despite not being a jazz fan I quite enjoyed this song. 7/10
5. How Can You Mend a Broken Heart (3:54)
One more piano backed song with appealing lyrics. It is slow and catching. I grew up on Bee Gees as my parents loved them so I cannot stand not to compare the two. I prefer the original version this time... "We could never see tomorrow, but I was never told about sorrow. And how can you mend a broken heart?" 7/10
6. Summer Wind (2:55)
Summer wind is a cheerful jazz with very nice lyrics. "And guess who sighs his lullabies, through nights that never end? My fickle friend, the summer wind" The band has dominant role to Bublé. You may realised by now that I'm not into jazz that much however I like the instrumental music... 6/10
7. You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine (4:04)
Well, I could borrow the title as a motto... This is a soft song and to be honest I cannot classify it. It is not appealing to me at all. The original version was sing by Lou Rawls. I think this is the weakest track of the album despite its promising title. 3/10
8. Crazy Little Thing Called Love (3:09)
I would be curious of Freddy Mercury's opinion about this rock-a-billy performance. I love it and I even risk saying this version is at least as appealing as the original one. I like the band backing Bublé not to mention the catchy lyrics... 8/10
9. Put Your Head on My Shoulder (4:26)
Paul Anka's Put Your Head on My Shoulder sounds fabulous from Michael Bubblé. It is a romantic ballad with very nice lyrics. I think Bublé's voice is really catchy and I like this song. "Put your head on my shoulder / Whisper in my ear baby / Words I want to hear tell me / Tell me that you love me too." 8/10
10. Sway (3:08)
This is my second favourite song from the album, on my mp3 player too. This song makes my legs dance and it is hard to resist not moving for the rhythm of this song. It is very soulful, my soft point. My favourite part is "Other dancers may be on the floor / Dear, but my eyes will see only you / Only you have that magic technique / When we sway I go weak..." I really love this song. 10/10
11. The Way You Look Tonight (4:37)
I like Sinatra's performance but heard some others too singing this song. It is soft and slow nicely backed by the band. It is an enjoyable song but to be honest makes me feel lonely... His voice is so catchy and tender... 7/10
12. Come Fly with Me (3:30)
Cheerful, lively, catchy, sexy... I think it is a brilliant song. The original was sing by Sinatra but Bublé's version is at least as appealing as the original. He has such a great voice and this song makes it possible to show off with it. 9/10
13. That's All (3:59)
The final track of the album is a sad ballad which is a perfect match to Bublé's voice, he is brilliant. The violins and the piano back his catchy voice, wonderful song. "If you're wondering what I'm asking in return, dear, / You'll be glad to know that my demands are small. / Say it's me that you'll adore, / For now and evermore / That's all, / That's all." 9/10
I think this album has a great start and ending and in between there are some great tracks too. It is impossible to make an album which is appealing to everyone so I think Michael Bublé has done a great job when he decided to sing such famous songs as Fever or Crazy Little Thing Called Love.
The album is quite jazzy but there are some tracks that are different. I prefer these ones... I put my favourites on my mp3 player so I rarely listen to the whole album.
You can buy the CD from Amazon for 4.93 pounds (free delivery) or download his songs for 0.69-0.89 pounds per song.
I don't know about others, but I first heard of Michael Buble several years ago around Christmas time, when his album was being promoted on the television. Since then he has become a bit of a household name, and has had several hit songs.
Both my husband and I are fans of Michael Buble and have acquired several of his albums, including this 2004 album entitled' Michael Buble' which I think was one of his first albums released.
This album is currently on sale on amazon for £3.99 and contains 2 discs. The first disc contains 13 tracks:
kissing a fool
for once in my life
how can you mend a broken heart
you'll never find another love like mine
crazy little thing called love
put your head on my shoulder
the way you look tonight
come fly with me
On disc 2, there are 5 tracks:
let it snow
the christmas song
grown up christmas list
I'll be home for christmas
This is one of those albums that you can stick on in the car or in the room and listen to the whole way through without having to skip through the 'boring ones'. In total truth, I like all the songs on the album, but I particularly like Buble's soulful natural rich voice singing them. There is no doubt he has a real talent and any time I have seen him sing on the television he is always singing live.
The songs on the album are real classics and will be familar to most people and for the most part are all very catchy, all well arranged, and Buble still manages to put his own stamp on each song, without it sounding just like another copy.
I have to be honest and say however that I haven't listened to much of the second disc, the songs are not as familiar and are all following the christmas theme, so no point really in listening to them anyother time of the year, so I tend to forget to put this on in December.
All in all, I absolutely love Buble's voice. I love the tone, I love the richness of his voice, and I love the arrangements of the tracks. It is a really easy album to listen to, and you will automatically find yourself singing along, as most of the songs are so catchy and familiar. A great early album for Michael Buble.
Despite my passion for Depeche Mode and some heavy duty pining for the 80's New Romantic movement, my musical tastes remain pretty eclectic. That said, despite blessing my MP3 player with a bit of jazz here, a touch of classical there, and maybe some ear-splitting nu-metal as well, there is one particular genre of music that I have a real soft spot for. I just love to step up, snap my fingers and tap my feet to the groovy beat of some good old school swing.
Give me some bass, some tinkling ivories and a big brass band - give me a good old fashioned fifties retro-style chrome microphone, a lounge suit with a white bowtie and a barnet slicked back with Brylcreem and I'm in my element. Failing all that, I could make do with a karaoke machine, but somehow its just not the same.
It's hard to believe that there is still a market in this day and age for re-interpretations of big band classics, but the repertoire of the original Rat Pack has been fair game for some time and is enjoyed equally by those hankering after the halcyon days of yesteryear and new fans discovering these classics for the first time. It's ageless music, but the question remains, can the modern mimics do those original tunes justice or should the stellar work of the legendary likes of Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, Andy Williams and Bobby Darin be left well enough alone?
There have been many great pretenders hoping to fill the void left by the King of Cool and Old Blue Eyes when they shuffled off to that great big lounge in the sky, including in recent times, the talented Harry Connick Jr., Jamie Cullum and even Robbie Williams - whose "Swing When You're Winning" album did much to bring the genre into the popular spotlight. However, arguably the most successful of the new boys has been the Canadian crooner Michael Bublé.
THE SINGER & ALBUM
Grammy award-winning Michael Bublé burst on to the scene with this, his eponymous debut in 2003, which features a number of well-known covers spanning several decades of popular music. It was received extremely well by both the paying public and music critics alike, winning him the honour of Best New Talent at Canada's 2004 Juno Awards (think the equivalent of the Brits).
Along with genre classics live "Fever", "Sway" and "Come Fly With Me", he also finds room for his own interpretations of "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" by Queen, one of my favourite George Michael songs, "Kissing A Fool", and the Van Morrison classic "Moondance".
I bought the album on the back of hearing his rendition of "Come Fly With Me" and when I examined the track listing, I suspected he may have bitten off more than he could chew. It's one thing to cover a Peggy Lee classic, which, perhaps a younger audience would not have heard so much - but another thing entirely to take on a consummate showman like Freddie Mercury with a song still very much in the public conscience.
That said, on the well-known Bee Gees standard "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" he not only puts his own spin on a seventies super group classic, but he even gets one of the brothers, Barry Gibb, to sing backing vocals for him. That's either supreme confidence, or supreme arrogance. So does he pull it off?
It's a testament to the prodigious talent of Michael Bublé that he manages to do justice to just about everything he attempts on this, his debut album. The line between cheap imitation and genuine interpretation is a fine one which most run-of-the mill singers find beyond their ability (ironic then, in many ways, that he did a guest spot on the X-Factor last season coaching the contestants for the Big Band weekend).
Whenever I hear this song I automatically think of the smouldering Peggy Lee version - this was her signature tune - and as such, I am most used to hearing it represented from a female point of view. Bublé manages to inject a freshness and passion into his performance that comes across as entirely genuine. His vocal performance is technically flawless and is complemented rather than dominated superbly by his backing band. It's still a little strange to hear it sung by a man, so perhaps comparisons with the original are unfair. As such, listened to in isolation, it works very well in its own right.
On the second track, Michael tackles the ever-popular Van Morrison standard first released in the 1970's on the Northern-Irish legend's "Moondance" album. Although it retains elements of the original - especially in the baseline - he gives it much more of a big band interpretation. Hauntingly, at times, he even sounds like Van Morrison, but there are enough flourishes and variations to make it much more interesting than mere imitation. All in all, quite a respectable effort and a fitting tribute to a popular classic.
> Kissing A Fool
To be frank, this was one of the songs I bought the album for. It is one of my favourite ever songs, with deep personal meaning, and I doubted very much whether Bublé could do it justice. I was wrong. As with most of the material on this album, it would be foolish to make a like for like comparison with the original - the arrangement works well in its own right and Bublé's polished and mellifluous voice brings vocal depth to the track. I still prefer the original, but this version runs a close second.
> You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine
I didn't know this track by name, but it is an instantly recognisable staple of lounge lizards and wedding singers everywhere. I have heard it covered live so abysmally, so often, that I convinced myself I hated it. The song was originally performed by Lou Rawls in 1976 and was easily his most popular song. Bublé tries his best to give it depth and maturity, but for me, it is easily his least accomplished performance on the album. This is the one track that bears the closest comparison to the silky smooth and classy delivery of the original artist, probably because it is so identifiably a seventies song. Adequate, but not a stand-out.
> Crazy Little Thing Called Love
It takes balls to cover a much-loved track from one of the ultimate über-bands of the rock era. However of all of Queen's songs, this is the probably the one that lends itself most readily to the big band treatment. It's a lighter, airier and more rock-a-billy than rock version of the original song - with piano, bass and brass featuring heavily instead of the guitars and snare drums of the original. In a way it's much more Elvis (uh-huh) than Mercury (who injected a seventies glam-rock camp-ness to his performance) and it works a treat.
> The Way You Look Tonight
This song has been covered by pretty much anyone with a dinner jacket, undone bow tie and recording contract, so, of all the songs on the album, it comes with the least amount of baggage. As such, you can listen to it for what it is - a consummate, smooth and endearing rendition of a classic love song. The big band is toned down for soaring strings, plucked guitars and swishy percussion giving Bublé the perfect platform on which to exercise his talented pipes. I have heard Sinatra do this, Harry Connick Jr., Tony Bennett. Andy Williams, and even Rod Stewart - and Bublé clearly holds his own in that exalted company. Perfect.
> Come Fly With Me
I just love this song and must confess to it being my karaoke standard. As such, I am more critical than most in assessing Bublé's performance relative to the Sinatra version (the song was actually written for him and is the title track of his 1958 album). However, his delivery is near flawless, and I can happily endorse it as the equal - possibly even the better of - the original version. It is a lively, fun, joyful and young interpretation that would have lent itself brilliantly to a duet with the great man. My favourite track on the album and the song that attracted me to Bublé in the first place.
Bublé's lasting appeal and continued popularity owes more to his talent and wonderful singing voice than to any passing fad - which is great news for those who appreciate good music, whatever its form. In taking on so many much-loved artists and much-heard songs on his debut, Bublé took something of a risk. The fact that, by and large, almost everything he tackles comes off is testament to his consummate ability and creativity.
There are one or two weak links on the album (notably "You'll Never Find..." and the slightly cabaret rendition of Dean Martin's mambo inspired "Sway"), but this is an encouragingly impressive opening salvo in what has already proved to be a star-studded career. At £4.98 with free delivery from Amazon, this album is fantastic value and comes highly recommended.
FULL TRACK LISTING
3. Kissing A Fool
4. For Once In My Life
5. How Can You Mend A Broken Heart
6. Summer Wind
7. You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine
8. Crazy Little Thing Called Love
9. Put Your Head On My Shoulder
11. The Way You Look Tonight
12. Come Fly With Me
13. That's All
© Hishyeness 2009
He's a modern day crooner, a Frank Sinatra for the 21st century,
Michael Buble is a Canadian singer and entertainer. He has a very smooth, very suave persona and this definitely carries over to his music. He definitely appeals to women. I think at his concerts the attendance is mostly women with a few men thrown in for good luck. He has a very romantic feeling about his songs as most of the songs he does sing are love songs.
What I like about him too is that he is always very smartly dressed and definitely looks the part. I think whenever I've seen him on different shows, appearances etc he is always wearing a nice black suit and usually a tie to go with it.
A lot of his music and songs are cover versions which he tends to put his own spin on. He generally keeps to the same kind of sound but to me his does have a very distinctive voice. It's quite a soothing voice and always makes you want to sing along with it. He does quite a lot of jazz and big band music too which I really enjoy and even though it is from a different age I think it's still quite relevant today and nice to have something a bit different than just pop music all the time. For me I just really quite like him, he's easy to listen too, quite fun and looks like he is having a good time producing and singing his music.
His debut album, Michael Buble was released in February 2003. I think it took a while for him to go mainstream, I probably only have been aware of him for the last couple of years but he's definitely very popular now. The album went platinum and reached the top ten of the album charts in the UK, Canada and went to number one in Australia. Buble has gone on to win a Grammy and multiple Juno awards which are the Canadian equivalent of the Grammys.
This album has lots of covers from a range of different eras with originals from Dean Martin, George Michael and Freddy Mercury. The track listings are as follows:
"Kissing a Fool"
"For Once in My Life"
"How Can You Mend a Broken Heart?"
"You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine"
"Crazy Little Thing Called Love"
"Put Your Head on My Shoulder"
"The Way You Look Tonight"
"Come Fly With Me"
"Can't Help Falling In Love"
Between them, the success of Harry Connick Jr, Jamie Cullum and, admittedly on a less serious note, Mike Flowers Pops (whatever happened to Mr F?), have all proved that easy listening still has its place in todays scene and wasnt merely the preserve of music lovers over 50. Now theyve got competition in the form of 20-something Michael Bublé.
The formula is simple. Michael has obviously grown up listening to and being inspired by the music of singers such as Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, and others of that generation. This 13-track album is in effect homage to the singers and songs of the era, while not neglecting the odd foray into more contemporary songbooks.
In this case, a track-by-track rundown is going to be pretty unnecessary. But if youve ever been touched by the sound of the singers mentioned above, youll know what to expect from a mention of the titles and a brief general description.
Fever (made famous by Peggy Lee and several others), Sway (Dean Martin), Youll Never Find Another Love Like Mine (Lou Rawls), Thats All (Bobby Darin), and Come Fly With Me (Frank Sinatra), follow the arrangements of the originals quite closely.
Van Morrisons Moondance has always had a jazz-like swagger, and George Michaels Kissing A Fool perfect crooner potential, so its no surprise to see and hear both fitting in as smooth as silk in this programme. The same goes for For Once In My Life it may have been Stevie Wonders song originally, but Ol Blue-Eyess lounge adaptation more or less made it his song, and its no surprise to find that Michaels version is closer to the latter.
Summer Wind breezes along (excuse pun), in pleasantly relaxed style; Put Your Head On My Shoulder and The Way You Look Tonight are unashamedly sentimental. Listening to these two is almost like being transported to watching a 40s or 50s movie, as the sound sums up those eras so well.
Finally, the two possibly out-of-character 70s hits. How Can You Mend A Broken Heart was a 1971 No. 1 for the Bee Gees which passed unnoticed over here, and the schmaltzy treatment from Michael, with Barry Gibb, no less, on backing vocals, is sheer class. Crazy Little Thing Called Love, the Queen song, fits the overall mood nicely while putting the song into swing context.
Its tempting to write the whole project off as unbearably slick and predictable, and suggest that Michael and the arrangers dont do anything innovative or particularly new with the songs. To an extent thats true, but if he doesnt want to do a thrash metal version of Come Fly With Me, or For One In My Life in the style of Eminem, he doesnt have to.
Another, probably nit-picking, criticism, is that hes only young and his voice doesnt have that rather lived-in timbre that his late heroes vocal chords had. (Young whipper-snapper, who does he think he is? Nat King Cole, what?) I can see jazz fans possibly deriding him as a charlatan, purely on the grounds of his age alone. But Im not really a jazz fan by inclination and I wouldnt call myself a purist when it comes to music. If I like a record, I like it, end of story so Im not going to make that argument myself.
Though its not everybodys cup of tea, to coin a phrase, this does what it says on the tin or the jewel case and does it well.
What have the Canadians put in the water?? For a so-called boring country (I beg to differ being half Canadian myself) they have produced a lot of big selling artists such as Bryan Adams, Celine Dion and Alanis Morrisette. There is a new Canuck on the block. His name is Michael Bublé (pronounced Bub-lay) and he is going to be massive. Alongside Norah Jones, Katie Melua, The Thrills and Jamie Cullum, Michael Buble was introduced to me by that bastion of British broadcasting BBC Radio 2. He is a favourite of good old Parkie and due to the frequency of him playing Michael Buble on his Sunday lunchtime show I began to get very familiar with Michael Buble?s smooth dulcet tones over jazzy swing and big band melodies. The Man Michael Buble is 25 and from Vancouver. His self-titled debut album was released last year. However he is not a complete newcomer. His music has been featured on the soundtracks of Two Weeks Notice and one of my favourite films of last year Down With Love. He is not a bad looking guy, either- he reminds me of Matt Dillon. However he is not just a pretty face, his voice is pretty dreamy, too. The Voice This formula of covering jazz standards may sound familiar. Yes Robbie Williams did it, as did the Pop Idols. However Buble is a cut above these acts. The person I would most liken Michael Buble to is Harry Connick Junior as their repertoire is very similar, and give the jazz standards a modern contemporary twist with their Sinatra-style crooning. What I love about Buble?s voice is that it is smooth as satin, rich and emotive. It is also very clear. I like the fact that you can understand
every single note he sings unlike a lot of pop and rock singers. It?s an elegant, dramatic voice that really does belong to the glamorous age of swing. The album consists of cover versions. I am not sure if he writes his own material but it is interesting seeing what he does with a mixture of jazz and swing standards whilst jazzing up more contemporary numbers. 1 Fever A good first song really draws you into the album and makes you want to hear more. This first song is more than good- it is fantastic. I love the Peggy Lee version of this song but Michael has truly done it justice. It is an upbeat track about passion which is sensual, and sophisticated. It is one of those songs that once heard you can not get out of your head. 10/10 2 Moondance Michael gives it the big band treatment to Van Morrison?s classic song Moondance. Buble croons this song effortlessly as a double bass strums away in the background. This is a mid tempo number which as usual Buble has made his own. 9/10 3 Kissing a Fool; This track is an old George Michael one that has been given the lounge treatment by Buble. Backed by a piano the vocal on this is very slow and mellow, as is the mood of the rest of the song. It?s ok but not one of my favourite songs on the album. 6/10 4 Once in my life. I am more familiar with the Stevie Wonder version of this song. The vibe on this song is very laid back with a real Sinatra style vocal. This is a real show stopper of a tune. 7/10 5 How can you Mend a Broken Heart This is in my opinion the weakest track on the album. It is written by the Beegees and they perform backing vocals on the track. It is a very slow, dreamy, if not a bit dreary ballad that I can not get into. I just feel that
it is very insipid, Michael?s voice does not sparkle like it does on other tracks. I also feel the Beegees backing vocals are too prominent and distinctive so detract from the song. 4/10 6 Sumner wind This track is back to form with a cover of a Sinatra classic Summer Wind. This is a mid tempo jazzy number that really gets your toes tapping. 7/10 7 You?ll never Find another Love like Mine This song is slightly different to most of the others on the album. The style of the vocal has a more modern contemporary feel to it. This ballad features the unheard of singer Sheree Ford. I quite like her voice. It seems to complement Buble. This is a very pleasant, if a bit forgettable song. 7.5/10 8 Crazy Little Thing Called Love Yes, this is Michael Buble turning his hand to the Queen classic and he does it rather well. The melody with its trumpets is pure jazz but the vocal is not. It is more rock and roll in fitting with the song. This version is slightly less frantic than the Queen one but it does work. It is nice to see him tackle something slightly different. 9/10 9 Put you Head On my Shoulders. The tempo is slowed right down with this track. The song is a very slow, mellow, late night track. You could imagine this being played for the last dance at a 1950s school prom. The vocals are very dreamy. Probably the best slow track on the album. 8/10 10 Sway Back to the up-tempo numbers. Everyone knows this one from the recent dance version. Buble?s version is a thousand times better. This song is just so catchy with its Latin rhythm. One could imagine cha cha chaing to this one. Simply brilliant. 9.5/10 11 The Way You Look Tonight I am not familiar
with the original of this. Apparently this is featured in the film Peter?s Friends. This is another well crooned slow love song. 7/10 12 Come Fly With Me We are back to the Sinatra impressions and that is not a bad thing. Come Fly With Me seems to have been covered by so many people but it does not lose its magic. It?s suave and sophisticated. Ideal for drinking classic cocktails to. This is what Mr Buble does best. 8/10 13 That?s All W hat a great title for the final track of the album. We slow right down again for a song that I do not know. That?s All is another late night well crooned song. It?s a nice song but I find it pretty average. I have tended to switch off after the last few songs. It does calm the album down and finish it off quite nicely though. 6.5/10 I would truly recommend Michael Buble to anyone who likes Jamie Cullum, Harry Connick Junior, Frank Sinatra and even perhaps Will Young. His vocals are smooth, sophisticated and very easy to listen to as he croons a mixture of contemporary numbers and jazz and swing standards. It is a shame that there are a couple of weak tracks such as the Beegees How Can You Mend a Broken Heart. Otherwise you have a perfect album for putting on and chilling to (although there are songs that make you want to dance). Jazz and swing seems to be the way forward at the moment and Michael Buble alongside Norah Jones and Jamie Cullum seems to be the forefront of the revolution. Pop kids beware as reel music is taking over the airwaves.