“ Animal Species: Wild Animals „
I've always had a passion cats and not just the kind that laze about my house all day! Tigers, Lions, Leopards, Panthers, wild cats, Cheata's etc theres just something magical about them. The way they move, they way they hunt and the fact that not one member of the feline species owns a conscience! From the tiniest kitten playing with a piece of string, to the magnificant Lion roaming the savahna, there the most amazing and powerful creatures. So when i saw a review for Tigers i just had to do it.
The Tiger is described as a large carnivorous feline mammal (Panthera tigris) of the feline, Felidae family. Tigers have a tawny coat with transverse black stripes. There are many breeds including Bengal, Siberian, Indochinese, South China and Sumatran. Tigers are native to Asia There common habitat is deciduous, tropical rainforests. Grassy with swamp areas where they can roam, hunt and breed without the troubles from human interfierence. The tiger is a solitary animal and very territorial .
A male tiger is simply referred to as a Tiger, a female the "she-tiger" gives birth and rears a litter of usually 2 cubs in the breeding season, she tigers first come into season at around 2 1/2 years of age, but do not become sexually mature until 3 to 4 years old. They are usually pregnant, or rearing cubs, for the following 15 years. Copulation may take place before sexual maturity, though pregnancy is extremely unlikely. For males, sexual maturity occurs later, at approximately 4 to 5 years of age.
On average tigers will live for 10 to 15 years out in the wild and 16 to 20 years in captivity. Tigers in the wild face a great many dangers and the odds are against them living past even their early months. One cub often dies at birth, this is usually the runt of the litter. The other cubs are prime targets for predators, including their own father.
Since 1900, the endangered tiger's habitat and numbers have been reduced by up to 95 per cent. Poachers continue to poison waterholes or set steel wire snares to kill tigers and tiger prey, selling their skins and body parts for use in traditional Chinese medicine.
Of the eight original subspecies of tigers, three have become extinct in the last 60 years.The Bali tiger became extinct in the 1930's. The Caspian tiger was forced into extinction in the 1970's. And the Javan tiger in the 1980's. There are many charities that are trying to help the tiger population increase in numbers, and stop evil people from killing them and destroying there homes
Organisation trying to help:-
WWF, Forever Tigers, The Tiger Foundation TTF, WildAid, Tiger Reserve and im sure theres hundreds more out there that just want to help in some way..
I hope this review has been interesting for you to read, I give a donation to the WWF every month and think the work they do is amazing!! Lets hope they can save the tiger before we make it extinct like many a animal.
One of the most well-known and beautiful animals are nearly extinct. An animal man has had a fascination with for centuries, whether it is on the countries coat of arms, popular book or period in history, the tiger has always had a great impact on those who have came across them. As a child it would have been one of the first animals you would have learnt about, and at a zoo it would be one of the animals you would hope to see. However conservationists are now working around the clock so you and your children and future generations have a chance to see this endangered species rule the jungle once again. Because of humans brutal actions in the past and continuous greed and growth in the modern day, Tigers and millions of other animals now face there greatest threat ever.
Some basic facts about tigers:
Class: Mammalia (mammal)
Order: Carnivora (carnivore)
Family: Felidae (Feline)
Genus: Panthera (Big Cats: Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Jaguar)
A m u r T i g e r
Panthera Tigris Altaica
Also known as the Siberian, Manchurian, Korean or North China Tiger, its found in the Amur region of Eastern Siberia. They are the largest type of feline; males are on average 250 kg and females 100-167 kg and the males are about 2.1-2.5 m and the females are 1.8-2.1 m. There are approximately 350-400 living in the wilderness of Siberia, however there are more living in zoos than in the wild.
S o u t h C h i n a T i g e r
Panthera Tigris Amoyensis
Also known as the Amoy or Xiamen tiger, it is the most critically endangered sub-species and is one of the smallest of all tigers. Both males and females are about 2.2-2.6 m long, however males weight varies from 127-177 kg while females weight is about 100-118 kg.
B e n g a l T i g e r
Panthera Tigris Tigris
They are found in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. The true number of Bengal Tigers in the wild is unknown, the Indian government claimed the number was between 3,100 and 4,500, however many people believe it is only 2,000. Males weigh about 200-220 kg and are about 2.75-2.9 m however females only weigh 100-130 kg and are 2-2.4 m long.
M a l a y a n T i g e r
Panthera Tigris Jacksoni
Exclusively found in Malay, it is the third largest tiger population after Bengal and Indochinese, with a population of 600-800 tigers in the wild. There size is similar to the Sumatran tiger, males weigh on average 120 kg and are about 2.3 m while females weigh 100 kg and are about 2 m long.
S u m a t r a n T i g e r
Panthera Tigris Sumatrae
They are only found on the island of Sumatra and there is estimated to be 400-500 Sumatran tigers; however they are mainly found in national parks. There size is like the Malayan Tiger, the males weigh on average 120 kg and are about 2.3 m while females weight 100 kg and are about 2 m long.
I n d o c h i n e s e T i g e r
Panthera Tigris Corbetti
Also called the Corbett Tiger, after conservationist Jim Corbett, they are found in Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. It is estimated that there are between 1,200 and 1,800 Indochinese Tigers in the wild, making it the second largest population of tiger. Males weigh between 150-190 kg and are 2.5-2.8 m long while females weigh 110-140 kg and are 2.3-2.5 m long.
===Habitat & Diet===
Tigers, like any normal domestic cat, will prey on anything it can kill. They will prey on much smaller animals such as hares, monkeys and fish, but a Tigers main diet consists of medium sized herbivores, such as deer, wild boar and tapir. However they can also eat much larger herbivores such as Water Buffalo and moose.
A tiger, like a lions and other large cats, will try and overpower its prey. However unlike a Lions, Tigers will hunt alone. A Tiger will bite its preys neck, to pierce its windpipe and instantly kill it. These great animals have been recorded to jump as high as 5m, run at 60 km/h and carry animals that can weigh up to one tonne.
A Tigers habitat once ranged across Asia and into Europe and Northern Africa, however due to deforestation and hunting it has been reduced to small areas across Asia. For example, the Amur Tiger are found in the extreme North and the Bengal Tiger are found in the tropical forests of India. Tigers, in my opinion, are the most adaptable of all the carnivores, and can survive in the majority of climates. A male Tiger can cover any range of area up to 100 km, while a Tigress, who will normally be supporting about 3-4 cubs, which will stay with her for around 2 years.
===Reason for the Review===
Although you may have heard countless times of animals on the brink of extinction, I believe in the theory of 'conservation through education' (hence all the facts above) and would like to highlight the worst threats to some of the greatest threats to these great animals, of course there are the obvious ones, like the fur trade, deforestation etc. I believe most people would have had heard about them already.
Already 3 sub-species of Tiger have become extinct within the last century alone, the Balinese and Javan became extinct through over hunting, and although became extinct through hunting, the Persian Tiger was a victim of the Roman Gladiator sports (which also brought the Barbary lions to extinction in the wild) and over expansion of humans and deforestation.
Also a fourth, South China Tiger, will be likely to become extinct in the wild within a few years due to hunting to feed the Asian Medicine market, which has and is continuing to claim the lives of millions of animals. Although these medicinal and spiritual uses for the animals has not been proved to work at all, e.g. hanging tiger feet outside the house drive away evil spirits, rubbing a tigers brain on your body cures acne and laziness. Although many of these may seem like a medieval cures or just pure guesswork and are not backed up by any fact, the medicine trade has the power to bring many animals to extinction.
Another hatred of mine is the exotic pet trade. This involves monkeys, Cougars, Lions, Leopards, Tigers and many many more. There are approximately 5,000 Tigers living in the wild; however there are over 12,000 living as pets in USA alone. These majestic animals have had been removed from their natural habitat and forced to live within a small cage for the amusement of selfish humans. Of course there have been many examples of when Tigers have mauled their owners; however I believe that is because many people mistreat their pets or do not know enough about tigers to be able to care for tigers sufficiently, like a zoo or refuge.
Native to the mainland of southeastern Asia.