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The Daffodil (Narcissus)
The best way to describe a daffodil is to quote the first verse of that famous poem by William Wordsworth:
I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
****The Importance of this flower****
The daffodil is the National flower for Wales and it is traditional to wear one for Saint David's Day on the 1st March some people say that its name maybe came from the Welsh name 'Dafydd.'
People associate it with Easter and of course Mothers Day.
Marie Curie Cancer Care uses them to raise funds believing they symbolise 'new hope and life.'
The Chinese believe that if they can get a Daffodil to bloom at New Year they will have good luck through out that year.
Scientists are working on a medicine to fight Alzheimer's by using a substance from the bulb of a daffodil called 'Galanthine.'
****Origin and Availability****
They were first cultivated by the Romans but are grown extensively in the United Kingdom and we export many of them to Holland.
The Isle of Scilly start the season off in October and they go on until April in the United Kingdom.
There are many different types from the small tazetta which have multi leafed curly petals and smell very scenty to the small yellow or white narcissus variety that are ideal in pots, and then of course the large yellow and dark orange trumpet type.
Many colours can be found from shades of yellow white orange and peachy pink.
****My thoughts on the Daffodil****
They are my favourite flower and lift my spirits enormously especially after enduring a cold miserable Winter, the sight of the first sprouting daffodil tells me that Spring is just around the corner.
I do like to have a vase of these wonderful cheery flowers on display in the house and buy them from a supermarket or florist occasionally.
They have a sap that is poisonous to other flowers so it is best to display them in a vase of water on their own for at least 12 hours before mixing with other flowers, kept in a cool room they can last for a week.
I would never pick a wild one or even one from my own garden because they sprout up from the ground like golden trumpets decorating our country side for just a short time in the year and that is a wonderful sight for everyone to enjoy.
What could be one of the most finer sights of the year. We struggle through the cold winter and the first signs that we've made it out the other end is a beautiful display of yellow and orange. Despite the recent cold snap they have still survived and announce Spring is on it's way.
Daffodils I think are wonderful, they come in an array of colours from pale yellows almost white to bright oranges. They have a delicate light scent and just bring joy to the house. You can choose too different varieties to open at different times, if you time it right you can have a constant display of colour.
Daffodils or narcissi, are bulbs. You can plant them in the garden in the Autumn for a beautiful outdoor display mid-Feburary to March. Alternatively you can pot a few and bring them indoors in the autumn and you will have flowers for the New Year. You can buy the bulbs in many shops garden centres, supermarkets and even petrol stations I've spotted a few bulbs.
Once planted they don't need any work. After they have flowered you may want to remove the dead head, but leave the leaves and you will have a beautiful display again the following year. Just remember to not dig them up throughout the year, if you're planting something else.
Classical mythology states that a young man named Narcissus was vainly staring at his own reflection in a pond and he fell in and drowned, then legend says that the first narcissus plant came up where he had lost his life.
Narcissus is a spring flowering bulb, one of the best loved bulbs there are and a very popular flower in Germany.
When the narcissus flowers people often say that it is a sign that winter is over.
The name Narcissus covers many different species but Jonquils, Paperwhites and Daffodils are the most popular.
Jonquils are early flowering, rush type leaves and have bunches of fragrant yellow blossom.
Daffodils are the most popular of the narcissus family, the beautiful large yellow trumpets.
Paperwhites are early blooming with masses of white highly fragrant clusters and are my favourites.
Narcissus will grow almost anywhere, I have them planted in my banks and under the hedge and they thrive there. They take care of themselves and they multiply each year, so every spring brings a better show.
If you are thinking of planting some narcissus bulbs then plant them in August, they don't need to be planted too deeply. If you plant the bulbs in `clumps` then you will get a far better and much more natural show.
When they have finished flowering take time to deadhead them, if they are deadheaded it helps the bulb to grow . Don't be tempted to cut the yellowing leaves away too quickly, these leaves are `feeding`the bulbs, wait a few weeks before cutting them back.
Narcissus can survive happily on a small amount of water but if you get a chance to put a little bit of mulch around the base of them its very helpful, it stops them from getting too dry.
When you decide where you are going to plant your bulbs then just before you put the bulbs into the ground put a handful of organic fertiliser in to help them along.
Narcissus is a perennial and you will more than likely need to divide the clumps every few years to thin them out, do this early on in the summer.
All narcissus bulbs contain Lycorene (an alkaloid poisoning) in their bulbs and leaves.
Japanese medicine has used narcissus root and wheat-flour paste to treat wounds.
But many florists suffer from dry and scaly skin after handling too many Narcissus.
Narcissus and daffodil are the March birth flower and also the tenth wedding anniversary flower.
They symbolize birth and new beginnings.
If you are going to give anyone these flowers as a gift then always give them in a bunch, a bunch for good fortune, a single bloom isn't lucky.
The Victorians associated the flower with self esteem.
Those who follow Feng Shui believe that if the flower is `forced` to bloom in the New Year then 12 months good luck will follow.
Narcissus are one of my favourite spring flowers, attractive fragrant blooms that cut well and look good indoors.
Many will say that its a pity to cut any but I just cant resist them!
One of the first signs that spring is defiantly coming is the sight of daffodils in full bloom. William Wordswoth was obviously moved by the sight of hundreds of daffodils when he wrote his famous daffodils poem in 1804. Having walked in Wordsworth's native Lake District and experienced the daffodils I can understand why he was so moved! In fact I have been moved to writing a review all about my favourite flower!
When I say that daffodils herald the arrival of spring that is not strictly true. There are numerous different types of daffodils and some can bloom as early as late December, hardly spring! Daffodils are really easy to grow and will thrive pretty much anywhere. They do best in well-drained soil however. Bulbs should be planted from about August until November. Bulbs should be planted in a hole roughly three times their height in depth. If your soil is wet then you can add a handful of grit to help prevent the bulbs from rotting. Daffodils prefer a sunny spot but having said that I have dozens growing very happily in full shade under my trees. Daffodils require very little looking after. When they have finished flowering simply remove the dead heads. This helps to ensure you get a god display the following year.
The scientific name for Daffodils is narcissus. The name narcissus comes from the Greek God Narcissus. The story goes that the God feel in love with himself when he saw his own reflection in a pool. When he died a daffodil was found growing where his body fell.
Daffodils have been used in traditional Japanese medicine to help heal wounds. Daffodil roots were mixed with wheat flour paste to promote healing. Daffodil bulbs are poisonous to dogs and can cause death if eaten. My dog manages to flatten many of my daffodils by running through them but is yet to try to eat them!
The Daffodil is of course the national flower of Wales and is worn on St David's day, march 1st.
Daffodils look wonderful in the house and I have several vases in different rooms at the moment. The bright yellow colour really makes me feel happy!
Daffodils will grow well in virtually any situation and do well in window boxes as well as in boarders. I recommend you plant about 6 to 8 bulbs in a group to give the best effect. Daffodil bulbs are widely available from supermarkets as well as garden centres. If you have never grown Daffodils then I suggest you give it a try! They really are gorgeous !
Daffodils for me are one of the first signs of spring and also they are hopefully a sign that the weather is warming up. As I am more of a Spring and Summer person the arrival of the first daffodils always cheers me up.
It's not hard to understand why they are so cheering coming in hundreds of shades of yellow, from burnt orange to pale creamy lemon.
They are also very hardy plants that seem to remain upright through many a spring shower and storm.
The daffodil is part of the narcissi family which has an amazing amount of varieties over 25,000.
They are named after Narcissus in Greek legend who is said to have fallen in love with his own reflection in a stream and stood transfixed until the gods intervened and turned him into a flower so he could stay by the stream forever. The daffodil grows wherever it is planted and returns year after year. Romans believed the sap had healing powers but the sap is actually an irritant.
Medieval Arabs used the juice from the wild daffodil as a cure for baldness.
Poultry keepers once thought the daffodil unlucky and would not allow it in their homes as they believed it would stop their hens from laying or eggs from hatching.
The daffodil symbol is also used by the Marie Curie Cancer Trust as they believe it symbolises new hope and life.
The Prince of Wales is said to be paid one daffodil annually as rent for the unattended lands of Scilly, a great cultivator of the flower.
In the Victorian 'Language of Flowers' the narcissus symbolised chivalry, regard and unrequited love.
The old name for the flower was 'Affodyle' which is believed to have come from the old English 'Affo dyle' which means 'that which cometh early'.
Writers like Wordsworth love the daffodil and the inspiration it brings. These flowers have been writen about for centuries. The first known was the Greek Theophrastus in around 300 BC.
Daffodils can be bought as bulbs from garden centres and supermarkets. Planted out from August to September ideally in a sunny or light shade spot with well drained soil and should be planted about 4-7 inches deep flowers appear March to April. Can also be bought as a cut flower in bunches or ready for planting in pots.
Daffodils are very cheering flowers and very welcome after a cold and dull winter.
Thanks for reading may also be posted on other review sites.
For those of you that are Welsh you will be aware that on March 1st St David's day is celebrated and that the Daffodil is known as the national emblem of Wales as well as the leek.
All daffodils are Narcissus, which is their genus name, many people however refer to the large trumpet yellow flowers as per the picture above as daffodils and the smaller headed varieties as narcissi, however any group of flowers that include daffofils or jonquils are in fact known as narcissi.
There are over 25000 varieties in various shades of yellow, orange, white and peach some with stronger fragrances than others.
The scientific name, Narcissi is said to be derived from the Greek God Narcissus who fell into a pool and drowned whilst admiring his own reflection and the daffodil or Narcissi was the flower to spring from where he fell.
*~*How to recognise the flower*~*
All narcissus species can be identified by the trumpet to the centre surrounded by a ring of 6 floral leaves referred to as the perianth.
The traditional daffodil is yellow in colour but as mentioned above there are several varieties and mixes of colours.
*~*How is it linked to Wales?*~*
The daffodil is the national flower of Wales and the species Narcissus obvallaris grows only in an area surrounding Tenby in Wales and although we are unsure of its origins it is said that it was brought to Wales by the Phoenicians or medieval monks.
It is worn on March 1st in celebration of St David's day.
The flowers are available from October to April. The Isles of Scilly start the season off in October with the tiny variety and finally finishes in April with the larger trumpet styles.
*~*In the home*~*
I planted narcissus around our tree in the grass of our front lawn and since planting the bulbs they have successfully grown each year at the latter part of February offering a colourful display to brighten the cold mornings.
Once planted they really do not require any further care as they are quite hardy plants, although if they are close to a path way it is important to ensure that they do not get trodden on.
I love having the larger daffodils on display in the home and you can generally get a large bunch from any supermarket or florist for as little as £1 for 20 stems so they are a great addition to any home and a subtle fragrance fills the room.
Daffodils should not be mixed with any other cut flowers however as the sap is toxic to other flowers. If they must be mixed with other flowers then the daffodils should be left in their own water for at least 12 hours before being mixed with other cut flowers.
Generally daffodils will last for approximately a week but thrive in a cool atmosphere so try to avoid putting them in a warm area to get the best from the flowers.
For any daffodils that are grown in the garden it is important that you do not remove the flowers or the leaves as they contain valuable food for next year's flowering and by cutting them down to early they may fail to reproduce the following year. As ours are around our tree we have to leave them for at least 6 weeks before trimming them away to ensure that we get a good display the following year.
I think daffodils are lovely flowers that don't get celebrated all that much and they are so cheap they are ideal to bring a bit of spring into your home.
Daffodils are now the symbol for Marie Curie Cancer and around this time of the year they produce artificial daffodils to raise money for Cancer Research as they are said to symbolise new hope and life.
All Narcissus species have a central trumpet-, bowl-, or disc-shaped corona surrounded by a ring of 6 floral leaves called the perianth which is united into a tube at the forward edge of the ovary. The three outer segments are sepals, and the three inner segments are petals. Though the traditional Daffodil of folklore, poetry and field may have a yellow to golden yellow color all over, both in the wild species and due to breeding, the perianth and corona may be variously colored. Breeders have developed some Daffodils with double, triple, or ambiguously multiple rows and layers of segments - and several wild species also have known double variants. In the Southern United States daffodils are usually referred to as 'buttercups'.