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Flowers. Iris is a genus of between 200-300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers which takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, referring to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. As well as being the scientific name, iris is also very widely used as a common name and refers to all Iris species as well as some closely related genera. It is the state flower of Tennessee. The inflorescences are fan-shaped and contain one or more symmetrical, six-lobed flowers. These grow on a pedicel or lack a footstalk. The three sepals, which are spreading or droop downwards, are referred to as falls. They expand from their narrow base into a broader limb (= expanded portion), often adorned with veining, lines or dots. The three, sometimes reduced, petals stand upright, partly behind the sepal bases. They are called standards. Some smaller iris species have all six lobes pointing straight outwards. The sepals and the petals differ from each other. They are united at their base into a floral tube that lies above the ovary. The styles divide towards the apex into petaloid branches (see pollination, below).

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      05.01.2015 23:15
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      Stunning flower

      These are a beautiful, but low maintenance flower to grow.
      These are a range of different Iris's to chose from, so you can be dramatic or sutble.

      The main point to start with is this is an easy plant to look after, but you must keep the planting right. It can make all the difference in it surviving the winter months.
      I made the common mistake that all first-time gardeners make with this and planted them to deep so nothing happened and they drown.
      A few years alter I uread instructions and understand that even if it look precarious follow the experts advice, they know more than you!
      Decide on an area that has full direct sunlight, we had no choice but to grow these in pots which was fine, in order to get the direct sunlight but we chose a long pot not round one simply because they really do need space in between each other to grow.

      Once your used to not giving this a lot of water to begin with you then have to switch your mindset[ and coloured co-ordinate your calendar as if have] to water regualry as it really needs it once the flower/ leaves appear. They look dainty but the stem are quite strong and need the extra refreshment but this is only suring the summer if you are blessed and your Iris's last into late summer and the weather becomes cooler you then need to reduce how much you give the flower.

      This is one of few plants that the base or otherwise known as the rehizomes[ roots] uncovered. In my first attempt I kept trying to cover the brown root sticking out with soil but its meant to be kept free from as much soil or mulch as possible for it can maintain itself and is durable.
      Throughout the summer all you need to do is remove the dead leaves and let it just grow.
      For a fresh crop the following year once Autumn is over and winter is emerging cut the flowers down to the roots and cover, ready to protect it against the frost.

      If you would like this to last all year round then you HAVE to put soil and mulch around the base to protect it against the snow and mulch.
      To help it along I would say in the winter months is they are still flowering they need extra help in terms of fertiliser to keep it developing.
      It seems like you do the right thing to avoid doing the wrong thing and then unlearn that and reverse and do the wrong thing, but it is worth it.
      We managed to grow a long pot of purple iris's with a gorgeous swirl of yellow in the very centre and these have returned and produced in turn even more Iris's lovely need Easter or Mother's day.

      Again 40-50 bulbs for £15 at the time but these can be planted in hanging basket, garden or pots and they re-seed themselves and it's so worth the cost.

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      03.08.2005 17:19
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      One of my favorites

      Iris

      The Iris in my opinion is a beautiful flower and comes in so many colours and shades of colour that it's sometimes hard to choose which type to plant in the garden. A lot of people usually have the dark purple plant which make a good display of colour every year.
      You can however get dwarf iris which are yellow white and a very light lilac colour. The best types to look for are the Blue Doll and Blue Denim as they are named and they grows to about four to ten inches high. Their flower is delicate and attractive in the garden.

      You can get bearded and beardless iris, the bearded ones have hairy beards on the falls of the flowers. The falls are the outer petals of the blooms.
      I always think an iris is much like the orchid, an unusual bloom which can have you stood looking at it for ages while you take in the colour and the scent. A beautiful flower which brightens up any garden and attracts the bees and the butterflies.

      An iris plant loves the sunshine so if you have a shaded garden you'll find it difficult to get these to grow, I made the mistake of planting some in the wrong place when I had just started to get interested in gardening. A friend had dug lots of them up and I took them home and put them in the wrong place and they never grew enough to bloom. Having learned that lesson, I have a nice collection of varieties in the sunny spot of my garden, these add lots of colour to the place.

      They will grow in any good soil but not in acidy soil they like neutral ground. Plant the rhizomes, as they are called in late June or early July. You can plant in early September at the latest.
      Prepare the bed with bone, old manure and compost and plant the rhizomes facing the same way. They need to be about twelve inches apart. Top the rhizomes with a tip of each showing and make sure it gets lots of water as they won't take if they dry out.
      They don't like weeds so keep the ground free from weeds and in winter cut back the leaves to stop the slugs attacking.
      They like to be fed around march with fertilizer which is not to rich in nitrogen. When the plants have flowered don't forget to take the dead heads off to help improve the look of the display.

      Happy gardening.

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        07.09.2001 03:53
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        No, I hadn’t heard of this plant either! I saw it in Mr Fothergill’s seed catalogue last year (2000). The description said that it had blue flowers similar to an iris and was a hardy perennial. It belongs to the Iris family, but is the only member of the genus Pardanthopsis. The alternative name is Vesper Iris, and it comes from Central Asia and China. I sowed the seeds in a small pot in my greenhouse in March 2000. Tiny grass-like seedlings soon appeared, which I pricked out into individual 3.5 inch pots filled with multi-purpose compost. I got 20 plants from a nominal 20 seeds! The plants grew into small fans of stiff foliage just like an iris, and I planted them out in two groups in a sunny bed in early June. Many of the plants flowered in August. The buds appear at the ends of branched, candelabra-like stems and are pointed and twisted. They do not open until the late afternoon – you can look one minute and no flowers will be in evidence, and a few minutes later there will be dozens of blooms! The flowers are delightful – like small irises, opening quite flat. They are purplish-blue with white markings. Each seems to last only one day, but lots more open every day. Now in their second year, about 15 plants remain. They reach about 3 feet tall and are quite airy, allowing plants behind to be seen. Some leaves remained over winter, but they mostly re-emerged in Spring and started to flower at the beginning of July. They are still in full flower at the beginning of September. They are in poor, sandy, stony soil in full sun with other perennials. These plants were easy to grow from seed and have proved valuable in my border, which is colour-themed with mainly blue and purple plants. I would recommend them as a cheap way to obtain a quantity of unusual plants which flower over a fairly long period and give height and interest to a border. I expect the plants to be short-lived, and will col
        lect seed this year (several pods are already setting), and attempt to grow some more plants.

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