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The Tomato small, round and red, a fruit most people take for granted, and yet it's one of my favourite plants to grow.
Part of me doesn't really know why as they are cheap enough to buy in the shops, and yet they are something I never really do buy, but every year for about the last 3 I've spent some of my hard earned pennies on tomato seeds. Why? Because I love nothing more than watching them grow from small seedlings into big plants which produce delicious fruit, and knowing I've helped produce them from seed with my own hard work. While I try to treat all my plants the same, my tomatoes are my babies :)
**The Humble Tomato**
First grown in Britain in the 16th century Tomatoes were originally considered poisonous and grown only for ornamental use, and it wasn't until the nineteenth century that commercial growth for edible tomatoes started, they are now the most widely grown "vegetable" in the world.*
Today there are many varieties that the gardener can grow and they come in all different shapes, sizes and even colours. Part of the tomatoes popularity is due to how good they are for you they contain vitamins A, C and E and they have antioxidant properties. They really are a super fruit :)
To get tomatoes as I have had to explain to several people at work, after your plant grows it will flower and the tomato will then grow from this flower. I was surprised as I thought everyone knew they flowered first, but then that's people's connection with food for you.
**My love affair with the tomato plant**
I first got back into gardening about 3 years ago, I had been keen in the past but had mostly planted flowers. Thinking back now I think it was seeing one of those window sill starter kits whilst browsing in Wilkinsons that first started my love for growing tomatoes. I think my original plan was to grow them in pots on the kitchen windowsill, but when all 10 seeds grew I decided to invest in one of those blow away green houses (something I'll not be reviewing as it's long since blown away) you can get. Tomatoes can be grown inside or outside, but the further north you get if you want success you really need to grow them inside. My first year wasn't entirely a success, while I did get some red tomatoes most of them were harvested green, a situation that wasn't helped by my greenhouse constantly blowing over, at one stage it was that windy I couldn't put it back up for a week and my poor plants were exposed to the elements all that time. However the good thing about tomatoes is that even when you reach October and realise you are never going to get a glut of red tomatoes all is not lost as you can make green tomato chutney :)
The next year I had a wooden framed greenhouse using the plastic cover from the blow away one. This I think would have been slightly more successful if it hadn't been for the awful cold weather, so once again last October I found myself making green tomato chutney :)
This year I was determined to have more red tomatoes, so when the weather was cold at the start of the year I invested in some seeds for an early variety of tomatoes called Tamina, I also sowed some seeds in a cardboard tomato trough that I bought reduced last year and some minibell cherry tomatoes. With the cold weather these were all sown later then I have in previous years in March and April. My tomato seeds typically take about 2 weeks to start showing as seedlings, although my minibell actually took nearly a month! With the slow start to the year the Tamina and trough tomato** seedlings went quite leggy so when I repotted these into bigger pots I planted them up to the leaves so that they would grow stronger roots, this largely worked and I was left with 3 Tamina plants and 7 of the trough plants, I did lose some plants but I like to think the ones that survived were the strongest. In the first year I planted them in growbags, but this year and last year I have used 10 litre ice cream tubs (see your friendly scoop ice cream man), with holes cut in the bottom for drainage. Tomato plants will grow in small tubs but you will get bigger plants and a better yield the more space they have to grow roots. I used ordinary compost, and fed them with tomato food from the first flowers.
This year I have two small glass greenhouse made for me by my husband, the larger one is rectangular with a plastic sheet roof, the smaller is glass on all sides but only holds 3 plants. I now have 21 plants; 3 tamina, 7 from the trough, 5 mini bell and 6 unknown which were given to me by a friend who sowed too many seeds.
**Looking after my plants**
This year I will admit to being helped by the lovely summer we have had, nothing seems to make the tomato happy like the sun :) Adding to this I water them most days, I would say every day but there are days I've come in from work after 10 and really can't be bothered to trail into my pitch black garden to water them. Tomato plants are thankfully quite forgiven of not being watered every day, but like all fruit and vegetables if you want them juicy they need water :) As well as watering them, even when it rains as they are inside, I feed them with tomato feed every 2 weeks, at first this was a little bit more frequent maybe every 10 days. I also followed some advice from Dooyoo and sprayed them with aspirin, I don't know if this has helped but they all look happy :) When the plants became too tall I staked them up, and tied them to the stake :), so that they would be supported. I also occasionally talk to them, but don't worry they don't talk back :) I'm not sure this last helps but it doesn't hurt, I also talk to my chilli plants, and sometimes my husband, he mostly does talk back :)
**Pests and diseases; the stuff of nightmares**
Touch wood I have been lucky and the most I have suffered with is the odd slug or snail eating my leaves, but there are diseases that growers should be aware of. These include blight, this is largely spread by wet weather and is black or grey spots on leaves followed by the loss of your beloved fruit, if you have late blight. There is also grey leaf spot, which is caused by warm moist conditions. You also need to watch out for mites and small flies.
**To pluck or not to pluck**
Many people seem to advocate that you should cut off the leaves, and side stems of your plants once they have began to fruit. My research into this seems to show that some people do, and some don't. The idea is that the plant with less leaves will put more energy into the fruit. I'm more of a half plucker, I cut anything that is yellow and dying, anything in my way, and anything that is coming between my tomatoes and the sun. I'm not really a fan of bald plants though, so mine are still quite bushy. If you are planning to pluck or half pluck you should use secautaurs, I mostly use my nails as they are long, and did I say I love the smell of tomato plants?
**So do I have red tomatoes?**
I'm pleased to say yes, I got my first green tomato from the early variety back at the begining of July and then spent a long 6 weeks watching it grow bigger, in the mean time the other plants were all happily flowering and also getting small green tomatoes. I had my first red tomato on the 15 August and I'm now getting about 4 to 5 a day, not a lot but enough for a salad for 2. If I do get that glut of red tomatoes this year I plan to make tomato and chilli chutney. My favourite tomato this year naturally comes from the unknown trough, they are small but have a strong flavour.
I love my tomatoes, I find them pretty easy to grow and they bring me pleasure as well as a healthy cheap food. Tomatoes can be used for so many different things, like pasta sauce, pesto, pizzas, sauce basis, as well as fresh in salad, the list of their uses is endless. I can't recommend growing them enough, for me all that time spent sowing, potting and watering really pays of in pleasure and delicious fruit, and to the idiot neighbour*** who keeps telling me mine are small all I can say is good things come in small packages and mine are the best :)
** unfortunately I binned the box without making a note of the variety.
***He lost any credibility he had when he said I should weed around my pumpkins as the leaves were blocking the fruit, and I looked and realised he was talking about the pumpkin leaves.
I plan on writing a lot of vegetable reviews, I will begin with the trusty tomato! I first grew these myself 3 years ago and find it one of the easiest and most profitable and rewarding things to grow. I will try and break down the various steps involved in growing the tomatoes that I have taken personally, obviously how you grow them may differ due to available space and conditions.
The first thing to do is select which variety you want to grow. I grow large beefsteak varieties because the yields are fantastic and because the people I grow the tomatoes for prefer them over a large quantity of smaller tomatoes. (You read correctly, the people I grow them for - I do not like tomatoes! I like them in a soup or puree only but cannot stand the texture of tomatoes, but that doesn't stop me enjoy growing them immensely). Some types grow a large amount of small tomatoes or a medium quantity of medium sized tomatoes or large varieties - the choice is yours.
What I love most about seeds is the cost. I purchased a packet of "Marmade" Johnsons variety from Wilkinsons in a 75% off sale. They are £1.85 for 75 seeds, I got 75% off which made them 46p - 46 pence for 75 seeds!! I have also made these last 2 years.
Tomatoes need heat, space and sunlight. I was fortunate enough to have a greenhouse where I used to live and a greenhouse where I live now - Tomatoes thrive and grow extremely well in a greenhouse but can also do well outdoors but with some risk. The last frost this year was only a few days ago where I live and its nearly mid-June - total madness! A tomato plant outside would be killed in a frost without protection so you must be careful to time everything correctly.
I started these Marmade varieties off in March last year - I planted 12 seeds from my packet of 75 and all germinated. I grew them in John Innes No 1 Seed Compost (I recommend this compost for starting off any seeds as it is very fine and provides a lot of good nutrients to seedlings for several weeks). These were kept in a seed tray with a clear plastic lid on top to retain the heat and moisture and also protect against frost (it can penetrate greenhouses). After about 3-4 weeks they were large enough to transplant and the weather also warmed up to help them survive and grow faster. I transplanted them into small individual pots - in another 4 weeks they were ready for their final position planting.
They don't need oodles of space but the more the better. I grow mine in potato bags which are easy to water, reusable and also easy to move around if plants grow out of control. These are the potato bags that are sold so people can grow potatoes on their patios.
Tomato plants set off my hayfever as they give off a strong scent! This doesn't stop me looking after them. The plants grow very fast once they get going and are helped along with certain fertilisers - I use two - Seaweed fertiliser once a week on the plants to help them grow prior to fruit emerging on the plants and as soon as fruits emerge from the flowers I switch onto Tomorite tomato feed.
The plants do need "restricting" if you want to see the best results. On the main stem shoots will form that produce flowers which turn into the fruits. Between that main stem and the shoots something called "side shoots" will form - these will need to be removed. If you don't remove them then the plant will basically put all its energy into growing the sideshoots on the plant rather than putting energy into producing fruits. I know this for a fact due to an experiment! I left one plant to do its thing, didn't remove shoots or anything and it fruited a lot later than the other plants and also grew to over 7 feet tall!
Once the plant is about 5 feet high it is also advisable to pinch the growing tip to prevent the plant growing any higher - again this is to allow the plant to put its efforts into growing fruit.
They are heavy plants with a heavy fruit crop on and will need good support. I use canes and tie the main stem using garden string - sometimes this wasn't enough and I had to have string all over the place dangling from the roof of the greenhouse to support the plant and its weight.
Tomatoes need a lot of watering - think of how much water is contained in the plant and all its fruits, that comes from somewhere - your watering can. Tomorite can be used once a week or once fortnightly to help the plants develop better fruit.
From late August to mid October I had tomato harvests last year - this is later than they should start because last year was terrible for heat and sunlight and it rained constantly.
The good news is this year I already have flowers which means I could be harvesting at the end of July!
Each plant produced approximately 20-25 juicy beefsteak tomatoes so I had nearly 300 in total... these were distributed amongst various family members, friends, people at work etc!
Top tip - if its getting cold and heading into Autumn/Winter time then you can pick your tomatoes in their green state and use them in various recipes before they are fully ripened - you can also help them along by putting them on a windowsill, they may turn red yet without their plant.
Why Grow Tomatoes:
If you have a square foot or two, thats enough to grow a few plants that can yield you enough tomatoes to last months! I grow them as a hobby and to make the people that get to eat them happy.
One thing I love about growing your own is that with all the effort involved you end up with such a fantastic feeling once you get your reward.
I paid 46 pence for 75 seeds and once all have been used up (keep in mind not all germinate, I have been pretty lucky). I went into the supermarket last week and saw the big juicy tomatoes similar to those I grew last year - they were 85p each. If 60 out of my 75 seeds germinate and each plant harvested 20 tomatoes then that works out at 1200 tomatoes for 46 pence worth of seeds - over £1000 worth at supermarket price - a staggering fact that makes it all worthwhile and opens your eyes to how much money you can save over time on the supermarket shopping bill.
As it's British Tomato Week starting on May 21 st, I thought a review about tomatoes would be timely right now as it would give you enough time and incentive to get some seeds planted so that when May comes, you'll have a stock of healthy plants that will give you their juicy fruits a month or two after that. Tomatoes are ubiquitous in most styles of cooking, and like many great things are often taken for granted so I'll try to big up the little fellows too and inspire you to grow your own.
Tomatoes are in the same family as potatoes, nightshade and peppers. There is a long standing argument about whether or not they are a fruit, but as they contain seeds, they can be classed as a fruit - even though they're not the sort of fruit that you'd put in a trifle or fruit salad! They are thought to originate from South America, and the word tomato comes from an Aztec dialect (Nahuatl) - tomatl, which means "the swelling fruit".
They are now grown all over the world, and in temperate climates like the UK they are commonly grown in greenhouses, although there are some hardier outdoors varieties available for growing in the frozen wastelands of Lancashire and the rest of "oop North".
Thanks to years of experimentation by commercial growers and seed producers, tomatoes come in many different shapes, sizes and plant types. You can get small cherry types that are white in colour and form a small compact bush, and contrastingly you can get huge beef type tomatoes that are striped and grow up from a vine that needs support. You can even get tomatoes that have been bred to taste like tinned tomatoes, with that metallic tang that is common to all tinned types.
GROWING YOUR OWN
Tomatoes are slightly more demanding to grow than say, a sage plant grown from seed or onion sets which can pretty much be left to their own devices once the seeds start to grow. Don't be put off though, you don't need a greenhouse or have to be out for hours every day lovingly tending to your tomato plants to have success and produce your own crop of tomatoes. First, choose a type you want to grow, taking into account your garden conditions - absence of a greenhouse, space etc. Late winter / early spring is the ideal time to plant seeds indoors for a good crop of tomatoes in the summer. My northern frozen wasteland of a backyard gives a good enough home for Gardeners' Delight (a small red cherry red tomato - and it gives us loads per plant) and Moneymaker (bigger than cherry tomatoes but not as big as beef type tomatoes and gives quite a good crop). Most seed packets will tell you if that particular type tomato is best suited to growing outdoors or in a greenhouse.
Place one seed into a 3 inch pot that has been filled with compost and watered beforehand. Keep these pots indoors on a sunny window sill or in a greenhouse, if you're lucky enough to have one. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of fine grit (vermiculite works well) or compost, then sit back and wait about a fortnight for the first green shoot to pop up through the layer of grit. During this time, keep the compost moist but not sodden or the seeds will rot.
About six weeks after you see the first seedlings appear, they will be big enough to handle and transplant to larger pots to allow the roots space to grow. As we'll still be in late spring by this point and therefore cannot safely say that the danger of outside frosts will have passed, these larger pots should still be kept indoors in the warmth. By late May, most areas of the UK are out of the frost danger zone, so they can be transplanted outside into their growing positions - the back of the seed packet will tell you how far apart to space them.
The soil should always be kept moist - infrequent watering will make the fruits split and crack, which will allow diseases to enter and ruin your crop. Before the first fruits appear, the plant should be fed with a liquid feed that is high in nitrogen to promote lots of healthy foliage. However, too much foliage will mean that the plant's energy doesn't go into growing fruit. Therefore, side shoots should be nipped out to divert the plant's efforts only into those vines that will bear flowers then subsequently fruits. Side shoots grow at a 45 degree angle away from where a horizontal stem branches off from the main vertical growing stem and can be easily removed by pinching them off with a thumb and finger. When the first fruits start to appear (after the little yellow flowers have died off) the plants will need feeding with a liquid feed that is high in potash - this helps the fruits grow. Also, vine type tomatoes will need support as the fruits start to swell and gain weight - I use one bamboo cane per plant pushed into the soil next to the plant and tie the fruit bearing vines and / or the main stem to it with a figure of eight loop of garden string. The figure of eight method gives enough room for movement in the wind without being too tight and snapping off your vines - never tie a plant directly to the support cane.
For best yields, I never allow more than 4 vines on one plant and remove any others that grow higher up the plant - we simply don't get enough warmth and sunshine to sustain more fruit growth in Lancashire. If you're lucky enough to live "darn sarf", you could leave 5 vines on for the midlands area, and try for 6 vines per plant if you're really lucky and live in Devon or Cornwall.
When you start to pick the tomatoes as they ripen, you'll notice that they ripen from the bottom fruit (furthest away from the plant) up towards the plant's main stem. If you haven't got the patience to wait for them all to ripen, green tomatoes can be removed and "forced" to ripen by placing them in a dark drawer with a banana - bananas give off a gas called ethylene as they ripen and this gas encourages other fruits to ripen too. Top tip - if you've got a fruit bowl, keep bananas separate or they will shorten the life of your apples and pears!
PESTS AND DISEASES
The two most common pests and diseases that most people might encounter when growing tomatoes are whiteflies and the dreaded blight. Whiteflies are exactly what they sound like, tiny white flies that look like white greenflies - these lay eggs on the underside of the leaves and their resulting offspring will eat your plant. You can treat with chemical sprays, but I prefer to wipe the eggs off with a damp cloth, it's much more eco-friendly and you won't make polar bears cry or poison anyone that eats your tomatoes.
Blight strikes fear into most tomato growers' hearts. It is a fungus which will initially rot the leaves then start to rot the fruits too. You can tell if you've got blight as the leaves will turn brown and start to die. Unfortunately, there's no cure for it, and any affected plants will have to be ripped up and burned to kill any blight fungus spores and therefore prevent it spreading further. The only thing you can do really to prevent blight is remember that it's spread by water and wind - so be very careful when you water your tomatoes not to wet the leaves as this will knock off any blight spores onto the soil and activate them - always water very slowly onto the soil around the plant so it doesn't kick up any spores or knock them off the leaves. Good luck with that!
Blight also affects potatoes, so if you see it occurring first on one but not the other, it's only a matter of time before it will spread to both your spuds and tomatoes. Some people will preventatively spray their tomato plants with a copper sulphate solution - this has fungicidal properties and may kill off any spores before they develop. To be honest though, from what I gather in the course of my research for this review it's not massively effective and you would be better off keeping a wary eye out for blight and removing any affected plants quickly before it spreads round and destroys all of your plants.
There is another fairly common disease called "blossom end rot" - caused by irregular watering of the plant. The bottom end of the fruit will go black and mushy, rotting away and ruining your crop. It's caused when the soil dries out and prevents calcium from the soil's nutrients getting to the growing fruits through the plant's roots. Dead easy to prevent this - keep your soil moist and never allow it to dry out.
This is the bit where all your efforts are rewarded in the form of the tasty fruits you should have copious amounts of. Tomatoes have a range of culinary uses - eaten raw in salads, cooked and turned into a sauce, they can be stuffed, oven roasted, grilled, pureed (pasata), or bottled. I use a very good recipe from the Monty Don book, "Fork to Fork" which makes a very tasty tomato sauce which then gets used as the base for all sorts of dishes - from curries to pasta sauces. In a nutshell, the tomatoes get roasted in the oven with herbs and garlic then blitzed in a blender. Delicious.
If you're interested in bottling tomatoes (or canning as our American friends call it - two nations divided by a common language and all that), then please read up on it before you do so as there are some very important safety precautions which require your attention so as to prevent botulism from spoiling your day.
If you cook the tomatoes in a pan to make a pasta sauce, but don't want the little shrivelled up skins that inevitably appear, then you can dunk the tomatoes in boiling water for a few seconds before hand and the skins will peel off very easily. Also, unripe green tomatoes are excellent to use in chutneys - a preservative mixture of vinegar, spices and vegetables, a bit like a savoury jam.
Tomatoes are a good source of vitamins A, C and E. Also, they are jam packed full of anti-oxidants, which are basically good at preventing types of cancers. It's no coincidence that there are villagers in rural Italy (who's diet includes lots of tomatoes) that live till very old ages - there's been a few books written about the positive health benefits of the "Mediterranean diet" which is largely tomato based. However, they are part of the nightshade family, which is a well known poison - the toxins in tomato plants stay in the leaves and not the fruits, so DON'T EAT THE LEAVES!
A very versatile cooking ingredient with proven health benefits, grow your own and live longer!
Key to the humble BLT, perfect with a pasta sauce, and great in a salad. The tomato is so versatile, tasty and actually rather beautiful. On top of that they are quite rewarding to grow. A pack of seeds cost a couple of quid, and you get so many different varieties, from cherry, to plum, to giant stuffers, and in some pretty incredible colours. You can plant them straight in the ground in April, but I prefer to do it in small 9cm pots in late February and keep them inside until April (giving them a head start in life, and meaning you get a crop quicker). Just pop 2-3 seeds per hole, about 13mm deep. If doing them in the ground, they should be about 50cm apart. As soon as the plant is about 10cm tall pop a cane in the ground (check what height your tomatoes grow to and add an extra 60cm) and tie the plant to it. As the plant grows make sure you pull of the side shoots, to make sure that it grows upwards. That pretty much all your need to do.
One of the first things I remember about my young childhood was sneaking into one of my grandmothers massive greenhouses and feasting on the tiny baby tomatoes literally between 5p piece and 10p piece size which had ripened but not grown. They were deliciously sweet and seemed like a treat not a fruit (which is what they are, not a vegetable, as I'm sure you know). My nan was a brilliant gardener and could grow anything, the smell of the greenhouses which were turned over entirely to tomatoes in the summer, with a little patch of mint at the entrance, was one that will stay with me till the day I die.
Many years later I wanted to try and recreate the memory of the best tomatoes I've ever tasted in my own garden. One thing my nan had that I didn't was massive greenhouse space and fairly sunny summers. In my opinion a good old fashioned tomato in this country really does need to be grown under glass, they come from America and need warm climate to thrive. The 'glass' could be a sunny conservatory or windowsill if you are thinking small, or any kind of greenhouse, but unless you live right down in the south of England or Cornwall or Devon then you don't have much chance of growing a really tasty ripe tomato in your garden. Having said that where my parents live seems to have a bit of a micro climate, right on the 'cusp' of Gower, and they have sometimes been able to grow little salad tomatoes in tubs outside.
The seeds can be sown around about March to early April and brought on on a windowsill, or in clotches, or in a heated greenhouse...unless there is a heatwave, in which case forget the heating. They can be planted out under glass in mid May, and late may (unless there are unseasonal frosts) with no glass cover.
There are tomato varieties recommended for outside growing but even these need quite a temperate spot, if you have a nice south facing wall, or can move them about in tubs to chase the sun this will probably enhance your chances of growing successfully outside. Tub grown tomatoes will need even closer monitoring for moisture levels of the soil and feed than would ground planted or greenhouse plants.
My family have been sharing seeds, seedlings and cutting since time immemorial so when I told my Mam that I was going to embark on a Nana conjuring tomato journey, she informed me that 'Uncle John' or 'Compo' as he's known in the family had some seedlings descended from Nan;s plants that I could have; (if anyone remembers last of the Summer wine they'll know the 'Compo' look, my uncle's called this because of the physical resemblance caused by 18 hour shifts in the garden and a complete diregard for grooming). The second thing she said was you'll need lots of manure. She was indeed right, because tomatoes are very greedy little plants and love a rich but well draining soil. My nan would lay 'mature' (partially rotted) manure in the holes before planting, and watered throughout the season with rainwater collected in a barrel which was regularly topped up with sheep and sometimes horse poo (plenty of that around here).
Because of this tendency to swap seedlings etc I'm afraid I don't know the type of tomato I grow, but they are averagely sized, not small salad ones, nor big beefy ones, the skin is fine and deep red not an orangy red when properly ripe, and can sometimes tend to slight thickness of the skin, but not dramatically so. They grow on classic woody but soft stems, which do need staking to prevent the stalks snapping or bending with the weight of the crop. There are many plant varieties some may suit certain soils and locations better than others. .
You can buy lots of different specialist tomato feeds in most garden centres, supermarkets or DIY centres. Something like 'Miracle Grow' is not ideal for tomatoes as it is high in nitrogen, which is great for leaf growth and plant size but not quite so good for flowers and fruit.. A high potash/potassium fertilizer is good too. I tend to feed between once and three times a week once the first truss has 'set' and tiny tomatoes can be seen.
Tomatoes like most plants can suffer from blight and once it gets hold it's ruthless in its spread from plant to plant. If you catch the very first attack you stand a chance of saving the other plants or at least getting some ripe tomatoes from them. You need to get rid of any affected vegetation or even whole affected plant, and take it away from the plants to burn. Don't leave any fallen bits on the ground. You can also buy fungicidal spray preparations (those containing copper are best for blight) to aid in protecting the remaining plants, this will need to be used often. The soil will need to be replaced and glass thoroughly cleaned with hot soapy water before another crop is grown in the same place. Blight is less likely to attack in a well maintained greenhouse, which is kept ventilated and not allowed to become too damp. There are other 'diseases' which tomatoes can succumb to but they seem a comparatively healthy and easy to grow crop compared to some things.
Tomatoes are also big green black and whitefly draws, some people recommend planting marigolds in the spaces between tomato plants as they emit a strong scent which repels the insects, it's a technique known as companion planting, you could also introduce plenty of Lady Birds to your greenhouse if you're using one. My nan would also spray the plants with a mild solution of fairly liquid and water, it didn't seem to harm the plants but the aphids didn't last long. These are methods I also use quite successfully and rarely resort to commercial insecticides.
There are benefits to growing your tomatoes in grow bags, and my parents have done this successfully from time to time. You can buy some which are specifically aimed at growing tomatoes and provide a high proportion of the nutrients required, but large general compost bags work too. Also if disaster should strike (such as blight) you only have to get rid of the bags and not have to spend ages, and make a huge mess digging earth from your greenhouse or garden.
Tomatoes are also thirsty little devils, so you need to ensure they don't dry out for maximum juiciness, however if they swell too fast they can split on the vine so a practised eye is needed to gauge how moist to keep the soil. In my opinion it should never form a dry crust or get dusty, but remain 'crumbly' and moist but not sticky between the fingers, (of course the soil will look very wet immediately after watering, best to judge the water level a few hours after watering). In hot weather you will need to water most days. In very hot weather if you are growing in a greenhouse you will need to ventilate the greenhouse, leaving the door open, and perhaps opening some of the panes too, to allow a healthy through draft. Watch out for birdies coming in though, the times I've had to rescue a Thrush, or some other garden bird is nobody's business.
Your tomatoes should if the weather permits ripen all through the summer, and continue to do so as long as the weather remains good up until early to mid autumn. The last few years though the summer has been so rotten that my tomatoes have started to ripen late in the season, and just as they are reaching full crop, with a good size the damn sun disappears completely leaving me with a glut of green tomatoes. You can ripen tomatoes that have started to 'turn' inside. I lay them on newspaper in a drawer in a warm spot and check them every day, it's worth doing if you have a large crop of tomatoes that have started to ripen, but not worth it if they are completely green. It's lucky that our family love green tomato chutney, even more than the sort made from ripe tomatoes.
A tip my uncle gave me about ripening late tomatoes is to put over ripe bananas or their skins in with the tomatoes, as the bananas emit a 'gas?' during decomposition which accelerates ripening. I have to admit I haven't tried this myself yet so can't vouch for it personally.
I hope my little nostalgic trip has been readable, it's not so much a how to guide as a tale of my family and tomatoes. Unless you can grow your plants outside or in tubs, and you eat an awful lot of tomatoes it's probably not a money saving exercise. For me it's done for the love of gardening and the memories the smell of a warm greenhouse and a really ripe juicy tomato straight from the vine conjures, and the satisfaction of knowing that the food on the plate has come straight from the garden. I consider each one a posthumous gift from my Nan.
A medium sized tomato has about 22 calories, and is stuffed full of wonderful vitamins and minerals from Potassium to vitamin A. They are high in lycopene which is thought to play a big part in helping to protect from cancers and problems associated with oxidants and free radicals. The common consensus is that lycopene works best when the tomatoes are cooked, but is still present and useable in raw fruits too. For a fullish list of vitamins etc one of the many sites that provide such info is www.healthalternatives2000.com/fruit-nutrition-chart.html
My Families Experience with Tomatoes
Personally I am not overly fond of the things unless they are fried, roasted or stuffed though my dad loves them so much he cannot have a meal with ought them the same with my granda too, so me and my mother for the last few years have been trying our hand at growing them, without much success unfortunately. Though we don't have any means of a greenhouse and we do live in Northern Ireland so the weather can be quite wet and unpredictable.
What we used:
Lots of water
Fillings for grow bags
Alternative upside down plant hanging bags
Firstly my dad prefers big tomatoes so we have been trying to grow them in grow bags both from scratch or seed and also from plants purchased from garden centres. The first year we tried them it rained perpetually all summer and despite the plant gaining a nice woody frame they all split and caught plight any fruit we did manage to get also split, so it wasn't a great success.
In the same year we also planted the salad or miniature tomatoes I am pretty sure they were called tumbling tomes and money makers we had them in regular pots and regular hanging baskets they were far more successful but about half the size of the store bought alternative. They did taste lovely and sweet however and we had them in salads.
In the second year we grew the larger tomatoes once more, we did manage to get to harvest time without anything disastrous happening to the plants themselves, again growing them in grow bags, but the tomatoes never ripened so we couldn't eat them raw, so we ended up with about a year of tomato chutney out of that crop which wasn't so bad really.
This year we also tried growing the miniatures in an alternative fashion in that they grow out the bottom of what looks like a short stubby green reusable shopping bag and hand downward as this year my mother wanted flowers in the hanging baskets. These provided to be quite successful and we had more normal salad tomatoes this year which were just as good if not better than the supermarket variety.
This year we are having a similar story with our large tomatoes, they are big but remain ever green as we are running out of sunlight and the weather is turning, so it seems we will have more tomato chutney.
The small tomato varieties haven't done at all this year and we really don't know why, it's been a funny year for growing over all as we usually can't grow parsnips at all and this year we have had maybe 4kg and they taste amazing, so who knows what's happening with the weather and global warming at the minute.
To grow and produce really red and large tomatoes I think you really need a green house or to have a slightly warmer climate of which we are never going to have but at least our potatoes and rhubarb and courgettes grow like mad here.
I have had a love/hate relationship with tomatoes.
When I was a little lad, I used to love this rhyme and can remember my Dad bouncing babies of all generations on his knee and reciting it.
Old Tom Tomato, like a red ball
Basks in the sunshine by the garden wall
Along comes Bellroyd with his mouth open wide
And Old Tom Tomato tumbles inside.
Down, down down the red lane
We won't see Old Tom Tomato again.
A few years later when I used to take packed lunches to school, I would hate it if my Mum gave me tomato sandwiches. They would get all warm and squishy and leak into the bread and the skins would make me retch....and she still used to give me them when I complained with that oft heard justification.... "they're good for you!"
Well, that put me off tomatoes for quite a while. As a student I would sometimes eat them but I used to waste lots by cutting off lots of the outer flesh and skin. Also, they're one of those fruits that don't taste good when they are warm, nor when they are straight from the fridge which seems to denude them of all their flavour. They're not nice when they are still too firm and equally when they go wrinkly, it's too late to enjoy them.
When I became a grown up, I grew to love them again and would eat loads, but something happened to tomatoes a while back as regards the taste. If you eat them out of season in particular, all the air miles seems to suck out any flavour and you just get a watery flesh with very little taste.
To counteract this, up come the vine-ripened tomatoes. OK, they tend to charge twice as much but we all like to see them 'in their natural habitat'. It validates them as being healthy and nutritious and they do seem to taste better.
Some say that best of all is the home grown tomato. I grow my own toms and it's lovely to convince ourselves that our own tomatoes taste nicest of all. Of course, a lot of the time they're not - we just like the idea of having grown them ourselves, so even if they are small, misshapen and a bit irregular in shape, we still love 'em! From a cost perspective, it really isn't worth growing them yourself - cost of the plants, the growing medium, the care and attention they need etc, but so many of us love doing it, don't we?
There are now a huge variety of plants available to the amateur tomato grower and we all have our own favourites, whether small, medium or large. To get a crop you can be proud of, the tomato plant isn't one you can just leave to its own devices. There is a lot of time and effort involved in tending your crop and in the height of the growing season, you really need to check them every other day. You want to have all the goodness diverted into the tomato itself, so you will need to regularly nip out superfluous foliage and stop new sets from forming. Left to its own devices, a tomato plant will run riot (given enough water) or die (if you let it dry up) Either way your investment in terms of edible tasty fruit will not pay off. So it's a bit like taking on a pet. Don't do it if you cannot afford the time to look after them. However, at least you do not have to take them for walks.
Out of season, I tend not to buy fresh tomatoes because they just don't taste good but in our own growing season, I simply overdose on them. They are so versatile, can be eaten raw on their own - lots of salt and black pepper a must - in salads, as an ingredient within meals and of course when there's a glut, in chutneys and pickle etc. A well stuffed beef tomato makes a lovely tasty snack - or a few cherry tomatoes as a healthy alternative to something less wholesome when you are peckish. There are so many things you can do with them.
And they are so good for you:
Good for your skin - contain lycopene
Reputed to help prevent cancer - again lycopene acting as an antioxidant
Help to maintain strong bones - contain calcium and Vitamin K
Neutralise harmful free radicals in the blood - Vitamin A and C
Help to reduce cholesterol levels - Vitamin B and Potassium
Good for your hair - Vitamin A helps to keep your hair shiny and strong
Good for Diabetics - contain chromium - helps keep blood sugar levels under control
For me then, tomatoes have gone in and out of favour throughout my life, but now I think I'll always eat them and enjoy them.
I love tomatoes but my obsession is really only a recent thing as my tastebuds have developed as I became older and the memories of the cartoon featuring killer tomatoes have subsided.
My favourite way to eat them is hot. There is honestly nothing better than some oven roasted on the vine tomatoes packed full of flavour which seems to transform into sweet gooeyness as soon as they are cooked. I serve them with poached eggs for a delicious, nutritious weekend breakfast.
Not only do they taste good but they have some seriously good things going for them.
Packed with vitamin A, C and E not to mention the nutrient of the moment Lycopene (more on this little character later!) but also potassium and calcium.
Lycopene is particularly special, it turns the tomatoes that fantastic, vivid red colour and has been proven to help in cancer prevention and most importantly heart disease! No I no expert but if that isn't a reason to eat more I don't know what is. Lycopene is best absorbed by the body when the tomatoes are cooked and research suggests that when put with olive oil the body absorbs it better. Maybe that is the reason the Mediterranean way of life is so beneficial!
Not only that but at 14calories per 100g they are great for (but watch out for hidden salt and sugar is buying ready processed).
Apparently although I cannot verify this one tomato juice is fantastic for getting rid of the smell of skunk....hmm I find avoiding skunks all together the most effective method J
So the moral is eat more, grow you own if you can and if you cant buy British (studies have shown they contain more lycopene than the imported counterparts.)
If you thought that all tomatoes were much the same in colour and shape, you'd be wrong. These are just a few of the more unusual varities which are sometimes know as heritage, or heirloom varieties.
The Black Krim is an unusual tomato. This rare tomato has purple to black skin and reddish-black flesh. It is a large tomato with a slightly irregular surface. Most black tomatoes come from Russia and this one originates from the Island of Krim which is on the Black Sea.
The lemon boy tomato is actually a pale lemon colour, not golden yellow. It is aromatic and has a slightly pinky tinge to its flesh. The skin feels soft and almost peachy and the ox heart is a heart shaped fruit as the name suggests and a lovely deep pink colour. A single fruit can weigh as much as one pound. There are few seeds in these tomatoes which makes them great for sandwiches and gardeners like them because they get a lot of fruit from each plant.
Black Tula tomatoes are a dark coloured reddish-brown tomato with a rich deep flavour to match. It is of Russian origin. Each fruit can weigh up to 12 ounces and the verde puebla tomatillo has a husk that feels like paper. This is removed before eating. Their flavour is sweet but they have a tart tang to them as well and are idea for making green salsa and other Mexican dishes.
Green Zebra tomatoes ripen to a green colour and they have yellowish spots and stripes (hence their name.) It is a sweet but acidic tomato and was actually developed in the United States. It is popular in salsa type dishes. Select your fruit carefully because its green colour can make it look ripe when it isn't.
Yellow pear tomatoes are very attractive tomatoes look fabulous in any salad. They grown to about two inches long and have a very clear yellowy colouring. Tall plants crop continuously and are sometimes known as 'garden candy'.
So, as you can see, tomatoes are not just those red and orange salad fruits that you can buy in suoermarkets. There is a huge variety of colour, flavour and shape out there and these can all be grown under glass if you fancy experimenting.
Excellent to plant and watch grow with your children.
Growing up my parents always had an allotment and as children we loved going along and getting messy, ahem, I mean helping!
Now with children of our own we like to visit grandad on the allotment, to get messy, dig, water and pick seasonal produce.
The children themselves actually learn so much and realise that our fruit and veg dont just come from the supermarket.
Tomatos are a pretty easy things to grow from seed to picking fruit and the children recognise the various stages. This year we have allowed them to sow cherry tomatos of their own.
A few weeks ago, in late March the girls sowed tomato seeds in empty ice cream tubs in moist compost. We left these on the window sill in a warm conservatory and the girls checked them daily!
Around a month later they were big enough to transplant into individual pots. For this we used empty disposable coffee cups (not the plastic sort but the ones you get in costa! At this pint they should be large enough to handle, perhaps a couple of inches.
Carefully tease the seedlings apart and pot individually.
The girls helped to look after these, at this point in grandads greenhouse, and watered twice a week.
The week before transplanting, its best to acclimatise the plants to the weather by bringing the pots out during the day but then returning them indoors in the evenings for a week or so. Obviously this isnt necessary f your toms are remaining in the greenhouse for the rest of theit lives!
The next stage will be in a couple of weeks time when the girls are going to the allotment with their grandparents to transplant these straight into the ground about half a meter apart. Ideally in a sunny, sheltered spot but as at the allotment this isnt too easy, each plant will require a cane/rod next to it to help. As they grow bigger tie these for support onto your rods.
Feed and water the tomatos regularly.
Fruits should be ready to eat throughout July to October . THey taste fantastic straight from the vine. To encourage more fruits to ripen later, pinch out the growing tips around September time.
One summers day last year I suddenly had an urge - an urge to grow some vegetables. So I took a trip to our local garden centre and explained to the sales assistant that I'd had this urge, and that I didn't have the foggiest what I wanted to grow or how I should go about doing so!
She suggested tomatoes as a good starting point - very beginner friendly. So I bought my packet of seeds (about £1.50 for an insane amount of seeds!), Gardener's Delight if anyone is interested, a bag of seed compost and a windowsill propagator.
Tomato seeds are small and fiddly, but not as small as some! I was told to fill the cells of the propagator with compost, and plant double the number of seeds than the amount of plants that I wanted. This would be so that I could pick the strongest one out of every two seeds to grow on. Not knowing how many tomatoes I would get off a plant, I went for a round 30. (I later found out that this was WAY too many plants!!)
I watered the seeds as instructed, and sure enough within a few days the little seedlings began to poke through the soil. Excited that I had even got something to germinate, I took care of them well, moving them into patches of sun and keeping them watered.
When the plants are a few inches high and big enough to handle, they need to be potted on into slightly bigger pots (to give them space to grow) which I did carefully, holding the plant by the stalk.
Again when they were around 6 inches high and really starting to produce lots of leaves, they can go into their final pots. I grew some plants in growbags and some in pots, and found the deep pots to be better because you will need to stake the plants to provide support and the growbags do not provide enough depth to support either the plant or the stake, and the plants kept falling over.
As they are growing, be sure to pinch out any "side shoots" that appear between the join of the main stalk and branches. This will ensure you get a single stalked plant - I missed one on one of my plants last year and ended up with a double-stalked plant which was really awkward to get to stand up!
Gradually accustom the plants to outdoors weather by putting them outside in the sunshine during the day but bringing them in at night when the temperature drops. When the weather really warms up (mid-may time) you can leave them out there permanently.
They will do fine on just water until you see the plant start making the "trusses" which will go on to grow the tomatoes. Then you can start using tomato food (which is also good for other veg) as per the instructions on the bottle. Make sure you keep them well watered, do not let them dry out.
Soon you will see the tomatoes start to grow, and they will be green. Dont panic - they will go red! Some I had took ages to go red, but they will! Usually one will turn, and then this one will turn the one next to it and the one next to that... and so on.
Once they are red you can pick them and use them in salads, sandwiches, pasta, anything you like! They taste so much better home grown and straight off the vine.
I learned from experience that 30 plants was way too much and had to give most of them away - I whittled it down to six plants in the end and even that was still too much. This year I have four - two large tomato and two cherry tomato.
I recommend growing tomatoes to anyone - if I can do then anyone can! You learn fast from experience, this year I already have way more veg growing knowledge than last year, and am growing a lot more than tomatoes now! Its addictive!!
Tomatoes as every body knows is a general berry used in most of the cuisines. Its botanical name is Solanum Lycopersicum as it belongs from the family Solanaceae and has the antioxidant named Lycopene.
It is categorised as berry as it is a link between fruit and vegetable, however vegetable has got its name only in cuisine not in botany.
It is more on the fruit side as tomato itself is an ovary with its seeds.
Most of the tomatoes now a days are picked from the plants when they are unripe and then they are treated with ethylene which is a gas used to begin the ripening process.
Tomato has a great nutritional value as it contains the natural antioxidant lycopene which is good to prevent prostate cancer, High blood pressur and also for prevention from harmful UV rays of sun hence good to prevent one from sunburn also.
A good level of vitamin A and vitamin C along with many other antioxidants are also found in tomatoes.
Tomato has its great importance in many cuisines like indian, mexican, chinese in the form of puree, juice, paste, sauce, ketchup, pie and also in simply cut form as in pizza and brushetta and in mexican dishes in form of salsa ( a type of sauce).
The top 5 tomato producing countries are:
China, US, Turkey, Egypt and India.
An important thing to keep in mind for tomatoes is one should not keep tomatoes in refrigerators as it decreases its taste.
Thanks for going through....
We still have our tomato on the vine, it have been slow to ripen this year as the summer weather wasn't good.
We love tomato and we loved to grow them. I am not going to give a full description about tomato as all of us are familiar with it.
Tomato belongs to the nightshade family similar to chilli pepper and aubergine. Tomato contain lycopene which is a good source of antioxidant. Lycopene is known to improve skin condition aagainst the harmful UV rays. I found an article that said tomatoes are evil and dedicated the whole website on it. Don't know if I believe the allegation but it is an interesting read.
There are many tomato varieties such as money maker, tumbler, F!, beef tomato, alicante, golden sunshine which is yellow in colour and cherry tomato like chatwick and English vine. Generally, I find red tomato acidic whereas yellow tom tend to be sweeter.
Is tomato a fruit or a vegetable? There is an ongoing debate on this question. I am not sure, it feel more like a vegetable to me.
Growing tomato is easy. We usually buy young tomato plants and transplant them into grow bag. This year, we grew tomato from seeds. The seeds were from tomatoes we bought from the supermarket. Growing tomatoes in grow bag helps retain water and the nutrients in the compost is very beneficial for the plant.
I used tomato for curries, pastas, soups and salads. The acidity of the tomato enhanced the flavour of the dish. Adding raw tomatoes to a bowl of salad also give the dish freshness and acidity.
I am not complaining about our tomato harvest this year, it's still good and I look forward to harvest the remaining toms that is still in hanging on the vine. Does anyone have any advice about freezing tomatoes?
Thanks for reading.
I have a love hate relationship with certain foods, and tomatoes are definitely one of them. I will eat it in certain forms, such as in bolognase or ketchup squeezed over chips and soup but pop a slice in my salad or sandwich and will avoid it like the plague. (However if I'm feeling slightly lazy, I will just leave it in there, and let the taste get abosrbed by the other ingredients). This probably doesn't make a lot of sense to most people, but what I don't really like about fresh tomatoes is the texture. The hardness of the outside is just about bearable, but the watery inside with all the seeds? Horrible!
Despite these feelings about tomatoes, I have decided that I doactually like tomato and mozzarella salad (where you place a slice of mozzarella on top, with a leaf of basil and douse with olive oil, balsamic vinegar and a dash of black pepper). The consistency of the tomato is disguised by the cheese and dressing and it tastes really nice. I also like the sweeter taste of sundried tomatoes, and the texture reminds me of pepper, so no problems there. I also use tinned chopped tomatoes with puree, herbs, salt and pepper to make a tasty and cost-effective bolognese sauce. I prefer tomatoes in it's more concentrated forms as the taste is somewhat more instensified than your average Tesco tomato, but it could also be that I'm not trying the right varieties in my salads and sandwiches. Hopefully I'll be brave enough to try some other types and have a bit more success, but until then I'll stick to my bolognese and ketchup.
Tomatoes are an essential staple in the diet of my household. They are so versatile especially as, besides fresh, you can find them tinned, pureed, sun-dried, 'ketchuped' and, of course, 'souped', so there is never an excuse to be without them.
I add tomatoes to many meals; one favourite way of serving them is something I came across in Portugal; it is very simple - slices of tomato layered with slices of fresh onion, add a little olive oil, some Balsamic vinegar and some rock salt, and let them marinade in the fridge. Absolutely delicious. I always serve them with a green salad and cold meat and they go down very well at barbecues.
Spaghetti Bolognese wouldn't be the same without tomatoes; for this I usually used the chopped, tinned variety (the Co-op sell their own 230g tin for around 35p and they are very good) because I can't be bothered to skin the real things! I shouldn't be so lazy because it is very easy to skin a tomato; just score the skin slightly and place in boiling water for about thirty seconds. Lift out and you will find the skin peels away very easily.
I add tomatoes to casseroles, particularly to sausage and chicken casseroles, to anything stir-fried and as the final layer on a homemade pizza. They seem to go so well with almost anything.
Fresh tomatoes are the best accompaniment to cheese, either in sandwiches or on their own as part of a ploughman's lunch, and, of course, they are an essential part of the good old British breakfast or fry-up.
As versatile as the humble tomato is, I love it best eaten on it's own, preferably straight from the vine, as you would eat an apple. Delicious and so very good for you!