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Animal Farm - George Orwell

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Author: George Orwell / Format: Hardback / Date of publication: 20 May 1993 / Genre: Modern & Contemporary Fiction / Publisher: Everyman / Title: Animal Farm / ISBN 13: 9781857151503 / ISBN 10: 1857151503

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      01.12.2013 20:31
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      Complex and intelligent, an extended metaphor for Soviet Russia

      I first came to this classic novel through the children's animated film, and like my mother said at the time 'remember to read it again when you're older.'

      As a child I loved this book so much. It was a story about farm animals, and politics never came into it for me. The story about how a group of pigs successfully ran a farm was fascinating to me. Snowball's demise was upsetting and tragic and Boxer's fate stayed with me for a long time.

      Years later, I had to give the book another read, now aware of the political history behind it and why this book is so intelligent and important. The parallels with history are now obvious, and this tale of a few pigs and a farm transforms just as Napoleon transforms into Mr Jones, into the hypocrisy and corruption of Stalin's Russia.

      This novel is now extremely relevant today when you look at Putin's Russia. Culturally and Politically this novel represents changing governments throughout history.

      The novel is extremely clever, a giant metaphor where every detail is important and carefully constructed.
      The impact of the last few pages is extraordinary and unlike any novel I have ready in a long time.

      Reading this novel for the second time was like reading an entirely different book altogether. For a child it is the story of a farm, a group of animals who can talk and act like humans interacting with each other.
      For an adult it is a complex metaphor about the Russian government, exposing corruption and hypocrisy.

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        20.06.2012 12:01
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        Politically controversial way of retelling the Russian Revolution through animals

        I'm trying to work out how I've managed to avoid reading Animal Farm until now. Many I know have even studied it at school, my wife included. What was going through George Orwell's mind when he was writing the manuscript for this, we may never have known were he not as outspoken about his political leanings as he is reported to have been.

        Animal Farm is a story of revolution that Orwell has stated as being a mirror of the Russian Revolution, and the events leading up to and including Stalin's leadership of Russia in the first half of the 20th Century. I was lucky enough to have not realised this until afterwards, and actually spent a lot of the book thinking it was rather similar to Stalin's regime.

        The book opens with a rousing speech from an ageing pig on Manor Farm, who incites revolution among the other animals, quoting how poorly they are treated compared to humans and how they should have the right to everything they own and experience, not just to be used as labour animals or slaughtered for food. The ensuing Revolution is led by two pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, and it is the way that the equality among all animals starts off being fine but then descends into inequality as time marches on that is so clever about the book. Orwell manages to get things to almost come full circle at points, and while it's important to not give too much away, there are some ironic moments throughout the book, given that the revolution is all about not being like humans and being fair and equal to everyone.

        Rumours abound about the comparisons between the characters in the book and real life. The majority of the animals reflect Russian society, while some of the key characters do have real counterparts. Napoleon is said to be the Stalin figure, while his orator Squealer bears more than a striking literary resemblance to Molotov; with Snowball being Trotsky. Russian history was always something I was interested in, and once you realise what is being 'translated' into a simile of prose, you soon grasp the way it's going to turn out. If you're not a follower of the subject, then you'll still get a very good story, so don't fear there.

        It's written very simply. There are no twists or turns, merely statements of story plot development and the occasional conversation. Things flow smoothly, and the battles that are described are usually short and swift, getting across the main points like a good essay would, in fact. It's certainly an interesting way of retelling a story and putting your own viewpoint in there, and this is exactly what Orwell manages to do.

        As you can imagine, there were various issues with publishing the book. Political tension towards the end of the Second World War, when Orwell penned this, was raging higher than ever, as countries around the world postured for life following the inevitable conclusion to the war, with the situation between Russia and USA the most tense. This was to follow, of course, for many years during the Cold War, and many literary publishing restrictions imposed on Animal Farm were only lifted in 1989 when the Cold War ended and USA and Russia became 'friends'.

        Perhaps if this had been written today, it wouldn't have had the same impact, but because of WHEN it was written, the fact that it was so current, is probably what gave such a good insight into events for those who may have wanted to have some form of metaphor to explain things better. Initially banned in many countries (as was Orwell's 1984), the hype surrounding the book is just as big as the content itself, seeding this book firmly in the recent World Books Day top 100 of all time. Well worth a read.

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          31.01.2012 12:24

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          I love love love this book, from its animal base to its deeper political story. I enjoyed it as a teenager while studying it for GCSE and now as an adult watching my eldest child decipher it.

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          08.01.2012 17:12
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          A short, concise read containing interesting ideas and a well thought out storyline

          This is one of my favourite novels; English literature has always been a passion of mine and Orwell fits very well into this.

          The beauty of this book is the way (as in 1984) that Orwell combines good story writing with history/politics - it works on multiple levels and because of the former trait it does not matter if the second is understood. I first read this book when I was seven (with my mum; might be a little hard for seven year olds to read completely on their own) and thoroughly enjoyed it and, of course, i did not understand the political and historical links.

          The subtext does however add a level of thought for those who are looking for it in their literature. In my opinion, Orwell does this equally as well as Dickens, Chaucer and other members of the so-called Canon of Literature.

          Of course, one may criticise Orwell for using historical events to base his novel around; it could be argued that less thought had to go into the storyline as it was already written, so to speak. I, however, would dispute this - Orwell has to remain close enough to his basis so it is recogniseable in the story and yet far enough away so as Animal Farm can still be considered a 'story'.

          Highly recommended.

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            07.10.2011 17:39
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            A book that everyone should read at least once and a great way to get into the work of Orwell

            Both a thought provoking and engaging book Animal Farm is one of Orwell's most well known and accessible novels. It tells the tale of an idealistic revolution which took place on a farm with the intention off overthrowing the farmer and running the farm as collective which benefits all the animals on the farm. This quickly goes wrong and Orwell's fictional work makes for a very effective political polemic against communism and for a degree of individualism. While not being his best work or his deepest work, the book is a great introduction into Orwell and is accessible and enjoyable for older school children to adults alike. The book is also vaguely based on the revolutions of 1917 in Russia and different characters have different symbolic meanings which give some greater depth. Animal farm is certainly a book that everyone should read at some point during there life. Highly recommended.

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              29.07.2011 18:16
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              Good for new adult readers and history lovers!

              Animal farm is an extremely melancholy book, and it takes a hard edge as it looks into Communism through the plight of the animals. The pigs are in control, and by looking at various qualities they possess it is easy to see many familiar figures in Communist Russia.

              That said though I am not a huge history fan myself and was able to read the novel without much prior knowledge. It has a good storyline with some tragic parts, such as with the horse (will not spoil it for future readers!) and the story through the eyes of the mother Collie is very creative.

              As it is quite a short book it is also possible for adults that do not read alot to get into. A very condensed novel, it is brief yet does not stunt the development of the plotline. It is definately not suitable for children though as it has some depressing scenes that some may find distressing.

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                28.07.2011 01:01
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                An interesting, thought-provoking novel.

                Animal Farm is an interesting tale of the downfalls of Soviet Russia, shown through the attempts of the animals of Manor Farm to create a society in which all animals are equal and there are no humans. Orwell uses the everyday workings of a farm to highlight the issues that occurred in communist Russia, making this a great way to gain a simple explanation of some of the ways that this society failed. Particularly, the use of the eradication of historical events that do not fit the 'party' line is very memorable, showing the way that lies were used to create control.

                It must be remembered, however, that this is Orwell's interpretation, so cannot be used as a historical text, but more as an engaging allegory. It also helps to have some background knowledge of the events surrounding the Russian Revolution, to fully appreciate the metaphors and comparisons used by Orwell. The book can be seen as boring if you are not interested in the meaning behind it, as on the surface it is merely a story about a bunch of animals. However, it is very rewarding if you can see past this.

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                  06.10.2010 00:33

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                  Great introduction to satire

                  In this satirical novel the communist revolution and subsequent decline into dictatorship is depicted through animal characters on a farm. The downtrodden worker animals overthrough their human master and put into effect the vision of society taught to them by their recently deceased leader Major (Lenin). At first everything is fine in their utopian egalitarian society but the seeds of discord quickly develop as it becomes apparent that some animals are more equal than others. Snowball (Trotsky) and his rival Snowball (Stalin) wrestle for control. The result of this struggle is mirrored in Russian history which is certainly the inspiration for the plot.

                  The satire is fairly simple and crude and personally I think it does not bear comparison to Orwell's later work 1984. A similar comparison could be made between Of Mice and Men and the Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck. In Animal Farm Orwell lays out his version of the collapse of communism in clear, broad terms and the animalisation of the story makes it more accessible for younger readers but it should not be regarded as a masterpiece because it sticks to a simple message, hammering it home most effectively but without exploring the subtleties of why Communism failed. As a fable for modern times it works well but for a more complex analysis of a failed society read 1984 instead.

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                  24.07.2010 07:28
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                  A must-read!

                  I've only recently discovered this gem of a book by Orwell, which is quite strange as 1984 is among my favourite "classic" books. After reading it numerous times- I often have these reading binges where my brain gets hungry for new information and ideas. Oh dear I am digressing, back to the book...

                  GEORGE ORWELL
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                  George Orwell (born Eric Arthur Blair) is most famous for his books "1984" and "Animal Farm". In 1936 Orwell fought for the Republicans in the Spanish civil war, and was injured. During World War II, Orwell served in the British Home Guard, and later worked for the BBC Eastern Service.

                  THE STORY
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                  Orwell describes "Animal Farm" as a "fairy story" however the subject of Animal Farm is actually aimed at the adult reader. The story is told in the third person narrative. Inspired by the Russian Revolution 'Animal Farm' is a story following the unique life of farm animals who revolt against their farmer after being overworked and underfed.

                  What strikes me about the novel is the characters; we first are introduced to the oldest pig on the farm- Old Major. Old Major brings together all the animals to a secret meeting (all you cynics thinking this makes no sense- open your mind, it's a story- go with it). He inspires the animals into rebelling against farmer Mr Jones. Stating that "all animals are equal", Old Major speaks of wonderful visions of self-sufficiency and ripe profits (useless humans don't bring anything to a farm, do they?). As Old Major says "Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals". Three days later Old Major dies, but he leaves behind his ideas and the song 'Beast of England' which the gives the animals a new outlook on life. Surprisingly enough the revolution comes earlier than expected in the novel.
                  After Old Major dies we are introduced to three pigs- Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer. Snowball is an excellent dramatic speaker with a lot of ideas. Although Napoleon isn't a good speaker, he is big and is assertive- and with his well-spoken sidekick Squealer they create "Animalism" a set of rules for the animals to stick by. The rebellion begins when Mr Jones comes home drunk and forgets to feed the overworked animals. Mr Jones attempts to go for his shotgun, but it is too late. The animals overpower him and drive him off the farm. The animals celebrate their amazing feat with an extra ration of food. The (three little) pigs make up seven commandments based on Old Major's ideals which are for all the animals. These are written above the barn:
                  1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
                  2. What goes upon four legs, or has wings is a friend.
                  3. No animal shall wear clothes.
                  4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
                  5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
                  6. No animal shall kill any another animal.
                  7. All animals are equal

                  At first there is an atmosphere of contentment and calm. The rebellion is successful, however the loss of Old Major means there is a need of a leader (doesn't make much sense when all animals are supposed to be equal). Hence begins a beginning of the cracks in 'animalism', the ending is particularly poignant. As I don't want to spoil the book for anyone who hasn't read it yet (shame on you!) I'll stop there with the plot.

                  CHARACTERS
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                  Mr Jones is the original 'villain' at the beginning of the novel. Mr Jones is said to represent Czar Nicholas II, the Russian leader prior to Stalin. Jones is losing control of the farm and is drinking far too much.

                  Old Major is a kind, paternal type character. I think Old Major stands for German philosopher Karl Marx- he reminds me of Marxist theories about the bourgeoisie and proletariat. It is ironic to see neither Old Major nor Marx made an attempt to bring Communism into reality. Old Major inspires the rebellion among the animals, and sets an ideal of a peaceful life without humans.
                  The pig Napoleon is the real villain in Animal Farm. An appropriate name as the original French dictator was thought of in terms of the devil. As a central character on the farm, Napoleon represents the negative aspects that can (sometimes inevitably) arise of any revolution. In the beginning Napoleon seems to be a good leader (though the violent manner in which he usurps power suggests otherwise). The turning point is when the pigs decide to keep the apples and milk for themselves; thus being taken over by greed. Stalin became power crazy too, forgetting the principals of socialism, and living in luxury while the working class suffered. The negative side of Napoleon is apparent when he slaughters animals for plotting against him (the breaking of the 'no animal shall kill another animal' and 'all animals are equal' commandments).
                  The end of the book shows Napoleon for what he really is. But as this is a 'non-spoiler' review- you will have to read the book to find out what I mean...

                  Squealer is described as a shrill and whining pig with highly persuasive skills; "He could turn black into white." I'm told Squealer symbolises the Pravda (the 1930's Russian newspaper). Always flattering Napoleon, Squealer paints his portrait on the barn, and uses poems, songs and celebratory ceremonies to encourage adulation of their leader. Squealer imparts Napoleon's actions and guidelines to the other animals- often coating them with barefaced lies to put them in a positive light. Squealer uses many methods to persuade the other animals into agreeing to Napoleon's policies- from implying superior intelligence, charm to threatening violence.
                  "He repeated a number of times, 'Tactics, comrades, tactics!' skipping round and whisking his tail with a merry laugh. The animals were not certain what the word meant, but Squealer spoke so persuasively, and the three dogs who happened to be with him growled so threateningly, that they accepted his explanation without further questions"

                  Squealer is skilled at twisting things and manipulating things to get his point across. For anything that goes wrong Snowball is blamed, and the threat of the return of Jones is used to suppress any conflict - "Surely none of you wishes to see Jones back?". Squealer is very smart- he is clever enough to join with Napoleon and Snowball; yet shrewd enough not to oppose Napoleon. Squealer hides the true aims of the pigs, so they don't face any resistance and can continue capitalising on the other animals.

                  At first Snowball seems similar to Napoleon, both pigs are fighting to become a leader. This is paradoxical to their self-championed system of equality. Their shared interest results in many conflicts: "These two disagreed at every point disagreement was possible." Snowball represents Leo Dawidowitsch Trotsky; and the similarities of their situation are not a coincidence. Trotsky was also exiled (to Mexico) and spoke eloquently (it is pointed out several times how Snowball speaks well in debates in the novel).

                  A little research tells me the name Boxer is used as a metaphor for the Boxer Rebellion in China in the twentieth century. This rebellion spirals the start of communism in the country. Boxer and the other animals represent the proletariat (working class) in the story. They believe in Napoleon because it appears as if they will benefit from his ideas.

                  Mollie is a small character, but represents those people who don't care much about politics. Mollie just wants to eat sugar and put pretty ribbons in her hair. These human actions go against the rules of 'animalism' and the other animals are annoyed when she is seen being petted by a human.

                  Old Benjamin, the donkey is described as unaffected by the rebellion. Benjamin represents the older critical generation. He still acts and works the same way, not swayed by the Napoleon's promises. Having an excellent memory; "Only old Benjamin professed to remember every detail of his long life and to know that things never had been, nor ever could be much better or much worse; hunger, hardship, and disappointment being, so he said, the unalterable law of life." It seems Old Benjamin is the most intelligent non-pig animal on the farm after all.

                  The dogs in Animal Farm symbolise the KGB and are a powerful force of Napoleon. Stalin also had a special police force to eradicate his rivals (most famously this is how Trotsky was disposed of).

                  CONCLUSION
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                  The writing style is simple and easy to read. It is reminiscent of a child's story book, using uncomplicated sometimes matter of fact language. Overall I'd describe this novel as a bittersweet story, with many different levels. In fact rereading the simple story will open up many new meanings and symbols. The characters are the biggest reason of my enjoyment of Animal Farm, you end up identifying with them (I know it sounds strange). Orwell makes almost all the characters have a personality.
                  Orwell himself says "I meant the moral to be that revolutions only effect a radical improvement when the masses are alert and know how to chuck out their leaders as soon as the latter have done their job".
                  It's fascinating how Orwell uses animals to make a point about communism and society. Sixty years on, Animal Farm is still up to date. Many of the issues in the novel such as discrimination, power struggles, and social class structure are still disturbingly relevant.

                  I would recommend this book to everyone, it really opened my eyes to Communism in a way that I can't describe (I didn't learn this much when studying Sociology at college... many moons ago). So go on- go read it!

                  Thanks for reading!

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                    16.04.2010 18:31
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                    A intresting take on politics

                    After my mixed experience with 1984 , I thought i'd give George Orwell another chance. Once again this is a book ive heard a lot about , but nether read or fully understood why it's popular.

                    Well Animal Farm is a story about the rebellion of a group of animals , after they feel mistreated by Farmer Jones. Led by two pigs , Napoleon and Snowball they set out to change the farm and make it a paradise for the animals residing there. But like all good things , It begins to corrupt and suddenly something unexpected happens.

                    Again this book is more about the undertones and you need to enter it with an open mind and a bit of imagination. The politics of it are clear to see and as long as you can grasp that the animals show the different classes and forms of leadersip, Its a good story. And thats the point of the book , its satire. The pigs lead everyone , the work horse does what he's told and the sheep aimlessly follow.

                    The book gives a good storyline which has exciting characters , that are easy to keep track off. There are moments where its very tense and emotional and then some are quite funny.

                    But most of the storys intrigue comes in the texts meaning and it's truefullness to the way the governments run.

                    I was really impressed with this book , and also surprised as my copy is only 93 pages which seemed really short.

                    If u want to buy this book it's available for £4 on amazon.

                    ===A few tidbits===
                    - In the french version of the book , the pig Napoleon is called ceaser.
                    - The book is based around Stalin and his influence via his character.
                    - The editors had to make at least 2 puntcuation or grammer changes every page due to Orwell's writing style.

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                      15.04.2010 05:14
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                      A fairy tale narrative applied to the brutalities of Stalinist Russia

                      George Orwell's Animal Farm is one of the twentieth century's seminal works of political fiction. A novel rich in ideas and colourful imagery, it effortlessly combines a fairy-tale narrative with brutal real world politics. In doing so, it delivers a message of dystopian inequity, upset and strife with chilling effect.

                      The story is set on Manor Farm, later to become Animal Farm. A group of farm animals, inspired by the words of a spiritual leader, rise up against their oppressive, drunk owner, Mr Jones, and evict him from the farm, taking control of the facilities and production for themselves. For a brief period a utopian ideal is achieved, with all animals working together for the common benefit. The animals produce a manifesto, which underscores their key principles, such as the prohibition of alcohol and the equality of all animals.

                      However, the corrupting influence of power and political rivalry soon take their terrible toll on the idyllic farm. The pigs, who have taken administrative roles in the running of the farm, gradually assume the trappings of an elite political class, with power and authority over the other animals. Liberties are curtailed, heroes are treated as disposable and the original manifesto of the community is altered to reflect the interest of the pigs. Eventually it comes to pass that the pigs so closely resemble the human oppressors that the other animals can no longer distinguish between pig and man.

                      The real world political analogies made in Orwell's novel are undeniable. Orwell himself conceded that the novel was intended as an attack on Stalin, who was holding the reigns of power in the USSR at the time of the book's publication. The narrative plot follows the key developments of the Soviet Union in the first half of the twentieth century. From the creation of 'Animalism' and the various wars and civil wars that led to Animal Farm being founded and secured, through to the struggle for power between 'Snowball' and 'Napoleon', the events that led to the rise of Stalin are closely mirrored.

                      Napoleon is Animal Farm's Stalin. He is brutish, compassionless, conspiring and strong. It is Napoleon who causes the dream of Animal Farm to be abandoned and a new order established, designed to serve the ruling elite and oppress all others. The book adeptly demonstrates how the unchecked rule of a determined individual can significantly damage the interests of an entire community and cause a utopian dream to turn into an oppressive nightmare.

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                        03.04.2010 11:00
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                        the historical concept of the story that can be easily extracted by anyone

                        The first book I read by Orwell was 1984 in which I really appreciated his work. Then I searched for his other novels and found 'Animal Farm' quite interesting one. This book has a short moral story, depicting the founding of USSR and Stalin. The novel describes not only the corruption of the revolution by its leaders, but also how greed and ignorance can destroy any society.

                        PLOT: The animals of the farm are tired of being under the cruel hands of farmer Jones(human). So the old major of the farm (a pig),adjudges man as their enemy. Animals think it is the start of a better life. Their dream is of a world where all animals are equal and all property is shared. But soon the pigs take control and one of them, Napoleon, becomes the president of all. One by one the principles of the revolution are abandoned, until the animals have even less freedom than before. Soon all rules change, showing that all animal are equal but some are more equal than others.

                        In my opinion, the 2 main character highlighted to describe the political system are Napolean(an example for leader) and boxer(an example for society)

                        Napoleon : He exercised all powers in a cruel way. He gradually changed the Commandments for his benefit and started behaving similar to humans against whom they originally revolted.
                        This character was metaphorically used for those group of people who show themselves smarter than others and persuade all to trust them and appoint them as a leader.

                        Boxer: He was quiet a loyal, hardworking character, with full of dedication. He was physically the strongest animal on the farm, but slow. His ignorance and blind trust towards his leaders leads to his death and other's profit. Profit because boxer was the one who had the strength and leadership to overthrow Napoleon. Boxer's work ethic was often praised by the pigs too.
                        Here this character basically used to show that how people blindly trust their leader by giving their life in hands of them. But ultimately what they get in return is all sorrows. And that's because of the powers they misuse and the greed of leaders make them to do.

                        The unique thing about this book is first of all its thickness, consisting around 100 pages. Secondly it can be understandable and accessible by any person of any age group. It can even be appreciated as a story by children with no understanding of the political message at all.
                        I would say if you haven't read it, read it at least once. It's worth reading.

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                          26.03.2010 15:51
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                          Another must read from Orwell

                          This is another offering from the brilliant writer who is George Orwell. The plot of the book centres around a group of farm yard animals who one day rise up and battle fiercely against the farmers, which leads to them successfully driving them out.

                          Of course these aren't simply animals, this instead is Orwell cleverly using animals as a metaphor for different groups of people. We have the horses who are brave, strong and tireless workers, the pigs who convince everyone that they are the rightful leaders because they are smarter and more trust worthy than anyone and a range of other animals.

                          The pigs tell all of the animals that this victory marks a few direction for all of the animals and that from this day forward all animals are equal, they will all work together for the greater good of the community and they will all prosper from this ethos. However what the other animals are unaware of is that slowly but surely they are unwittingly becoming conditioned by the pigs to by their slaves.

                          The book is a commentary on the suspicions Orwell had towards the now infamous and much hated Stalin regime. It is a commentary on how the blind faith that people will allow others will come back to haunt them because extreme power, with no checks will be abused as history has proven countless times.

                          Again this is a very well written book, all of the characters are very distinguishable. The book has it's tragic dark moments, but it also provides another way of looking at things and is ideal for younger people especially as it communicates complex ideas in a manner which is understandable and accessible. It doesn't have quite the same style, or guile or depth as 1984, but this is a relatively short book which was not designed to have the same effect as the former.

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                            28.01.2010 16:13
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                            Short and sweet

                            Though George Orwell is no doubt best known for his incendiary work 1984, equally relevant and brilliant is his Animal Farm, a short novel that has a farm of animals joining forces in order to fight back against the opressive humans housing them. They draft up a constitution that guarantees equality, while having to jostle for primacy against their tyrannical farmer. The novel is a clever political allegory that is enjoyable both as a complex examination of political systems and also as a simple story.

                            Each animal characterises a different aspect of politics; the Pigs for example, might represent politicians, for they agree to the constitution before quite promptly doing away with these notions and becoming tyrannical leaders themselves. As an examination of the nature of any species, and as a look at self-defeating systems of governance, this is as inflammatory and as bleak as Orwell's more acclaimed work.

                            Still, Orwell himself has said that he prefers to view the story as a simple warning against dishonesty and treachery, using anthropomorphic animals to make the point a bit more accessible to younger audiences perhaps. It's noble for Orwell to shake off such intellectual interpretations, but then that was always his genius, and in this stead it is a book that's engrossing for both kids and adults. It is paced briskly, and can be read quickly in a few short hours, with fairly simple, but well designed prose.

                            Furthermore, this is a novel that has remained relevant for decades, and will probably remain topical as long as humans are around, because we cannot defy our nature no matter how hard we try. As long as people and politics are around, this novel will always find a place in the canon.

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                            13.01.2010 18:50
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                            you must read it

                            Over the years there have been many heroic stories about Animalism but historians believe there's only one that towers above the rest, the story of Manor Farm.

                            Manor Farm was owned by a brutal, cruel man called Mr. Jones who always came home drunk. The farm was a slave plantation, the animals were fed garbage rations in the freezing, filthy, mould-ridden accommodation, they were victims of this horrid race. But still Mr. Jones believed it wasn't his responsibility on how the animals were treated, he thought it didn't matter if the animals were treated like slaves all he cared about was making profits from them.

                            Nevertheless in the cruel presence of Mr Jones there was still a heroic figure, a tyrant, a martyr of an animal, Old Major. One night once Mr Jones had gone to bed the animals gathered in the main barn, where Old major planned to have a rebellion. He said "comrades we must dispose of man and make a farm for the animals run by the animals" all the animals cheered and whispered secret words about it. It was a heroic night that would go down in history!

                            However sadly that night Old Major died in his sleep so it was now up to napoleon and snowball to lead. The idea of a rebellion was still strong so the next day led by Boxer the animals broke down the gate and stormed out, pecking and hitting Mr. Jones viciously, until he finally ran away. It was fantastic the farm was finally theirs. They really were the owners off Manor Farm. Now there was nobody to force them to work long hours. The slave plantation could finally be transformed into a haven for animals, no more rationed food or filthy living conditions but state of the art appliances.

                            However, despite the animals wanting to live in compete freedom they put together seven rules about equality, all reminders of man were destroyed and the farm was now called "Animal Farm".

                            But nevertheless there was still one animal, a traitor, a ruthless, greedy person who thought it was acceptable to steal Napoleons ideas. What a disgrace he was to the farm. But the great martyr napoleon decided he couldn't have him on his farm so he sent his loyal dogs to chase him off.

                            Months past and the farm was still happily going on, the windmill was built so the farm could now generate electricity, it was excellent. It was soon decided that good animals should be rewarded so as the pigs had worked so well the animals agreed they could now sleep in beds and eat more food as a reward. As the sheep said "the pigs are all hard working hero's we should follow in their footsteps because of this they all shall be rewarded" In fact the sheep were quite intelligent animals they always gave motivating, persuasive speeches using their impressive lexicon.

                            However Mr. Jones wasn't going to give up that easily and he soon came back, with his friends, to regain the farm. But the animals worked together as a team and managed to keep control off the farm and Mr. Jones retreated back to the pub for another drink.

                            All the animals were still happy, although they might be working longer hours then before the rebellion, Napoleon made sure the animals were less stressed and better fed. Secondly Napoleon made sure there were no traitors on the farm and if so that they were severely punished. The traitors were criminals that deserved to be locked up and the key thrown away but Napoleon was kinder than this he put them out of their misery and just killed them. Due to this many goats and sheep were killed.

                            Despite this, the animals still thought Napoleon was fantastic, and he was, he always stood up for the animals making sure they were ok. He really was a true mans companion.

                            The farm soon moved on and all the animals worked hard to keep making improvements to it. But amongst the animals was an old horse called boxer who had just retired. But Napoleon was not happy with this he said "He just sits there doing nothing all day and expects food in the evening, no this can't go on animal farm is for moving forward and developing future generations so because of this he will be used as something useful and at the same time make us some money".

                            As usual the farm ran on and Napoleon decided as well as the reward scheme, that he would change the seven rules of the farm to suit the animals better. Now the farm was a place of safety, joy and equality it was just like what the animals had dreamt of before the rebellion took place.

                            In the end the animals really were just as equal to any other creature on earth. Now they were not treated like slaves and forced to live in treacherous conditions but now they had the same rights as anyone else.

                            Many historians believe this story triggered the beginning of equality and end of animalism and since this story 87% of animals now have the same rights as humans. This means that if adults today take action there children will be able to see the fascinating creatures that we can see today.
                            We must start acting together to promote equality. Wouldn't you rather be known as the "generation developing future generations" like napoleon said in the story or the generation known as "the generation killing future generations"? Its your choice.

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