Mystras (Sparta, Greece) Reviews
Description:Mystras occupies a steep foothill on the northern slopes of Mt. Taygetos, 6km. NW of Sparta. The castle on the top of ... more
Mystras (Sparta, Greece) ... the hill was founded in 1249 by the Frankish leader William II de Villeharduin. After 1262 it came under Byzantine control, and at the middle of the 14th century became the seat of the Despotate of Moreas. In 1448 the last emperor of Byzantium, Constantine XI Palaeologos, was crowned at Mystras. In 1460 the hill was captured by the Turks and in 1464 Sigismondo Malatesta of Rimini managed to capture the city but not the castle. For a short period Mystras came under the control of the Venetians (1687-1715) but was again taken over by the Turks. It was one of the first castles of Greece to be liberated in 1821. The foundation of modern Sparta by king Otto in 1834 marked the end of the old town's life.
Newest Review: ... way around. The site consist of three levels or parts: the lower town where most of the impressive churches are located; the upper town with the focal point of Despot’s Palace, and the castle at the top. The whole area is dotted with information panels, very nicely done in several languages but annoyingly limited to ‘social history’ – so we can learn about money, fashion (they imported ... more
Customer Mystras (Sparta, Greece) Reviews (1)
by - written on 21/10/05 (Very useful, 304 readings)
Modern Sparti lies just where its ancient predecessor did, on the Laconian plain in the Southern part of the Peloponessus. The ancient Spartans did not leave much behind and this time it’s not the ancient remains that bring the visitors but something almost 2 millennia newer but somehow, culturally, maybe even more distant. In the foothills of snow-topped Mt Taiyetos rise many smaller hills and on one of them a whole ruined city can be found: Mystras, a capital of the Byzantine despotate of Morea which in the early centuries of the last millennium ruled large parts of the peninsula. It’s places like this which make me realise the Easterness of ... Read the complete review