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Liverpool Anglican Cathedral (Liverpool)

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The largest Anglican Cathedral in the world and one of the great buildings of the twentieth century. The massive tower stands over the city as a symbol of faith in God amidst the bustle of the modern world. The tower offers the highest public viewing point in the City and offer a unique perspective on the city.

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      30.05.2010 22:24
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      One of two cathedrals in Liverpool

      I've always known that Liverpool had two cathedrals. I think it was probably from the Dubliners "In my Liverpool Home" which was one of my dad's favourite songs when I was young. There's a line in that "If you want a cathedral, we've got one to spare, in my Liverpool home". Having said that I never really considered this to be unusual since my hometown of Sheffield also has two cathedrals, One Anglican and one Roman Catholic just like Liverpool.

      Liverpool's Anglican Cathedral is however pretty spectacular in relation to most other cathedrals and it is actually the largest Anglican cathedral in the world and the 5th largest cathedral of any denomination in the world (St Peter's Basilica in Rome is the largest).

      I've always wanted to visit Liverpool's cathedrals (yes both of them) not because I am a religious person but because I do love grand churches and the history of them. Many of our churches are amongst the oldest surviving buildings in Britain so old parish churches tend to tell the story of an area over the centuries. Recently when I planned a daytrip to Liverpool I made sure that both of the city's cathedrals were on my list of places to visit. Thankfully they are only a short distance apart, connected by Hope Street, a road which has no religious connotations but instead takes its name from a famous Liverpudlian called William Hope.

      Officially known as the Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool the tower of the cathedral stands over 100 metres high, although these days it's only the 3rd tallest structure in Liverpool, which is a sign of the changing times in the city, where modern skyscrapers seem to be everywhere you look.

      As far as cathedrals go this isn't really a very old building at all. King Edward VII laid its foundation stone just over a hundred years ago in 1904 and its first area the Lady Chapel opened in 1910. This was however a huge construction project even for the twentieth century and as a result the cathedral was completed in many different phases with the tower being completed in 1942 but the final part of the building not finished until as 1978, which was 18 years after its architect Giles Gilbert Scott (1880 - 1960) had died. By the time it was finished it occupied a total area of 9,687 square metres and was 188 metres long.

      On arriving at the cathedral there is no denying that it looks huge, but I think that because it is particularly high its internal size is deceptive from the outside. Before I entered I walked right around the perimeter of the building but its not until you step inside that the wow factor really hits you. The ceiling seems so high it actually mad me feel a little bit dizzy looking upwards!

      There is no admission charge to enter the cathedral and unlike many other cathedrals photography and even the use of video cameras is allowed. Of course donations are always welcome as the upkeep of a building like this is colossal and therefore a £3 donation is suggested.

      I visited on a Saturday morning and as the bells of midday rung out we were all asked to stand still for a few minutes and observe a short silence. After that we were advised that there was a service about to take place in one of the chapels to which everyone was welcome to attend. I didn't attend this so I can't comment on it. Visitors are free to wander around and I enjoyed poking my nose into all the little nooks and crannies. There are lots of small chapels but there are a few other more unusual things here as well including a red telephone box. Initially puzzled by this I soon discovered that the same architect that designed this cathedral also designed the famous British red phone boxes too and so this has pride and place inside the cathedral to commemorate this fact. It is probably less surprising to hear that there is a gift shop inside too but there is also a large café, which includes an outdoor seating area and toilets, which are fully equipped for visitors with disabilities.

      Free guided tours of the cathedral are available but due their popularly it is recommended that these are booked in advance. Its well worth taking this tour as you are not only provided with step by step information via your headphones you also get the chance to visit a few areas that are otherwise out of bounds for the general public. I hadn't pre-booked a tour but I was fortunate enough to tag onto the end of one from around half way through and if I ever visit again I intend to do the full tour.

      The Cathedral is open daily for visitors from 8am to 6pm and regular services take place throughout the week with a main service every Sunday. All visitors are greeted by a friendly member of staff (or at least I was) and offered leaflets and a plan of the cathedral which are available in several different languages.

      I would certainly recommend a visit to Liverpool's Anglican Cathedral and I'm not surprised that it receives over 300,000 visitors every year.

      Liverpool Cathedral
      St James Mount
      Liverpool
      L1 7AZ

      Telephone: 0151 709 6271
      Fax: 0151 702 7292

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        19.09.2009 17:10
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        I love it! Can't you tell?

        My relationship with Liverpool Cathedral goes back a long time. Since I was a child I have been aware of this magnificient building dominating the skyline of Liverpool. My Dad took me in there first when I was about five. I read in there at a huge children's service when I was nine. (Quaking in my Clarkes Wayfinders.)

        When I was a police cadet I read the Gospel for the annual police service. Imagine me, stood in my best police dress uniform under one of the sets of organ pipes. (The largest organ in the world!) The organist was practising the introit and about half a pound of dust blasted from the pipes and settled on us! Marvellous! I was so busy laughing and beating the dust off myself I forgot to be nervous!

        I remember one day walking down the stone stairs to the Lady Chapel and really seeing for the first time the stained glass windows of famous women. It's well worth lingering on the steps and absorbing the detail and the inspiration of these windows.

        Or what about standing in the very middle of the nave and knowing that you are standing in the largest enclosed space in Europe? I think I remember hearing that there is an eight seconds echo. Count eight seconds in your head and you will get an idea of the size we are talking about here!

        It was started in 1904, in 1924 the Lady Chapel was dedicated. In 1978 The Queen attended a service to mark it's completion! So did I, but I didn't get invited to the bunfight afterwards! My husband did but he was a Vicar then and it was one of the few perks of his job!

        The joke in Liverpool was "It's taking an awful long time to demolish that church." because of the years and years that parts of it were surrounded by scaffolding. I was lucky enough to meet one of the stonemasons who spent his whole working life carving the extraordinary statues, arches and gargoyles. Apprenticed at the age of 14 he worked on the local red sandstone that the Cathedral is built from until the day he retired!

        The tower is very high. 331 feet! It houses the heaviest and highest peal of bells in the whole world. Sometimes, if atmospheric conditions are right (or wrong, depending on which way you look at it) the warm air moving out from the high tower at night, condenses, and it looks alarmingly as though the tower is on fire. The Fire Brigade have been called out on a number of occasions because of this phenomena.

        It is possible to go up to the top of the tower, partly by lift, partly by leg power and the views over Liverpool, Cheshire and Lancashire are magnificient. It's not for the faint hearted though!

        The building was designed by Gilbert Scott, and tucked away in a corner is one of his classic red telephone boxes. So you have an amazing juxtaposition of the largest of his creations holding the smallest of his creations. I think it's a nice touch!

        The Cathedral virtually escaped war damage. Liverpool received the heaviest bombardment of bombs outside of London, approximately one sixth of the housing was flattened or damaged. Miraculously the massive Cathedral was missed, even though there seemed to be a concerted effort to detroy it and the morale of the people of Liverpool. Much like the Taj Mahal was targeted. Fortunately, both were spared.

        Apart from the fabric of the building, the Cathedral is important to the city as a hub of worship and community. It host events all year round. At the moment it is hosting the World Wildlife Photographer of the year exhibition. If you have never seen one of these, go and have a look. The photographs of wildlife from photographers of all ages and abilities are absolutely stunning! Many educational events go on here, parties, graduations, corporate meetings and conferences, you name it!

        After exhausting yourself walking around, you can go into the refectory, next to the book shop and have a very reasonably priced meal. The refectory is situated on the side of the cathedral and the glass walls look out over the steps and surrounding gardens and Victorian terraces. Or you can sit outside under the Welsford porch, drink your coffee and enjoy the fresh air whilst you watch the world go by.

        The Cathedral shop has a lot of quite interesting Liverpool Memorabilia as well as books and religious items and souvenirs. This is where you can buy tickets to go up the tower, or book seats for concerts and other events. The staff are always friendly and helpful.

        You come into the Cathedral usually by the huge Western doors at the end opposite the main altar. This means that you come into a sort of well at one end and the whole length of the building is set out in front of you, with the ethereal bridge spanning the space about one third down. It's hard to describe how imposing and beautiful a sight it is.

        The well is a large floor space set about 6 foot lower than the main floor of the Cathedral and it's here that you will usually find the exhibitions and events are held. To the right as you come in is the entrance to the tower and the main steps down to the crypt and various meeting rooms and robing rooms, education centres etc.

        Walking up from the well, under the bridge and the magnificence of the high altar is revealed. To the left is the refectory and bookshop and further on is the lovely Chapel of the Armed Services where the colours of all the local regiments are hung and books of remembrance are displayed. The rich regimental flags hang proudly and remind us of the many men and women from the area who have served and still serve their country. My Dad always used to point out his and his brother's colours and My Granddad's too. It brings a lump to my throat even now whenever I visit. My Dad was absolutely (and sometimes rabidly) anti religion, but even he loved this chapel for what it stood for. It is a beautiful serene spot.

        Many little chapels and rooms are spaced around the outside of the area East of the High Altar. There are lots of interesting artefacts on display, and guides are always available to answer questions.

        On the North side of the Cathedral is a large carpark which is manned from 8am to 6pm when the Cathedral closes. And any time extra events are being held. If you drive around past the Western main entrance you will find a lift for wheelchair access. There are toilets here too.

        To me the Cathedral is a wonderful and awe inspiring place. Some of it is austere and chilling, some is highly decorative and exciting. Some is modern and challenging, some is traditional and comforting. It seems to me that the many different parts are held together figuratively and literally by the soaring spaces. The whole definitely adds up to more than the sum of the parts.

        I haven't talked about all of the Cathedral. There is literally too much ground to cover. Don't miss it if you are in Liverpool. It is free to enter but a sum of £3.00 is a suggested donation. It is just a suggestion though and you won't be embarassed into making it by anyone. The Cathedral is as friendly to visitors as the rest of the City is.

        Drop in and be amazed by one of the most outstanding buildings in the whole of Europe. You might even bump into me having a coffee and cake in the coffee bar!

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          11.09.2009 17:43
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          Liverpool Cathedral is stunning

          I was lucky enough to graduate in this amazing building. It's cavernous, gothic, beautiful and a real symbol of Liverpool. It's less than a mile from the 'other' cathedral - Paddy's Wig Wam - the catholic cathedral.

          You can visit the cathedral and just go in and donate as you choose or you can go up to the roof - choose a clear day and you can see for miles (not recommended for the unfit or elderly though, it's fairly steep walk up!). You can see the skyline of Liverpool, over the water to the Wirral and even to the Welsh hills.

          The cathedral has a gift shop and a cafe - which is really nice, well recommended. Very nice cups of tea, cakes, sarnies etc in there and reasonably priced. You can also see a red telephone box, as the designer for the cathedral also designed the boxes, which is a nice touch.

          Even if you don't go in, go and see this stunning building.

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          14.07.2008 13:50
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          A must-see part of Liverpool

          Imposing and demanding of awe and respect, this building is opposite my university (LIPA) so I see it daily. At night and when it is misty it can be eerie, and you can also see it clearly from Birkenhead over the water. I have been inside and the cafe is really nice, there are two actually and both are good. They have a gift shop and often have exhibitions on. Paul McCartney has hosted two classical music performances here so it can't be bad!! There is also a standard size red phone box inside, which is the smallest invention of the man who designed the biggest cathedral, or one of the biggest at least, in Europe. The organ is also the second largest in Europe and concerts sound superb there. I am yet to experience the walk up the tower; I plan to do it on a warm and clear day to make the most of the view. ALso, outside you can explore the old quarry and graveyard and there is Liverpool's only natural spring to be found there too. I even took a drink from it.

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            05.05.2006 16:11
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            One of the greatest buildings of the world

            Before I take you along with me on a journey through Liverpool cathedral, I have to introduce one important caveat. I am not religious and I know very little about religion, churches and cathedrals. I rarely frequent religious establishments, not because I dislike them, but purely because I feel like I do not belong in them, like I should not be visiting them if I do not understand much about Christianity and have not officially joined any one religion. It is for this reason that I am a little intimidated to review Liverpool Cathedral, a place that John Betjeman rightly termed "One of the great buildings of the world."


            ***Drawn to Liverpool Cathedral***

            I was in Liverpool on a business trip and my assignment finished much earlier than expected. I decided to look for a place to have lunch, which is always a difficult undertaking in Liverpool when you are not keen on pub lunch. I traversed the city centre when I spotted something that, to my untrained and ignorant eyes, looked like a castle. Did Liverpool have a castle? I stopped of for lunch and decided to take a look after I had replenished my energy.

            When I reached the "tower" that I thought to be a castle, I actually discovered that it was pretty, bombed-out church. But as I looked further upwards and ahead, I saw another massive tower lurking over the city - and curiosity drew me closer and closer.

            As I came closer to the building, I realised that it was in fact one massive Cathedral - and from the outside it was the most impressive Cathedral I had ever seen. It was built of massive dark red brick - and it looked very threatening with its huge presence. Above the door to my right-hand side, a massive statue of Christ added to me feeling like a small, insignificant creature next to the super-structure. I stood in front of the building for a little while, starring at the steps and the large wooden arched door in front of me. The place looked abandoned and closed to me - and I was too shy to actually attempt to enter the monstrum that lay before me.

            Instead, I decided to circulate the building clockwise. I could not help stare upwards at the walls in complete and utter awe - again, it was more the size than its intricate masonry detail or material that caused my mouth to drop wide open in wonder. As you walk around the Cathedral, just in front of the refectory, you will see various stones engraved with people's names - I strongly suspect these are the graves of various members of the Diocese of Liverpool that significantly contributed towards Liverpool Cathedral during their life time.

            I returned to the front of the Cathedral and I was about to head back to the city centre and to return back home when I suddenly decided that I would see whether I could see the Cathedral from the inside. I climbed the steps to the Cathedral door and spotted that there was indeed an entrance on the lefthand side. I slowly opened the door and looked into the dark. As I walked in, I was even more in awe at the sheer size of the building - the vaults and arches above me extended to such a vast indoor height that I never even experience in some of the largest concert venues in the world.

            As I entered, I was faced with a donation box, asking visitors to give at least £3.00 (or 4 Euros or 5US$), as donations are vital to maintain the building.

            I dropped my donation in the box and started to enter deeper into the Cathedral, when I was stopped by a lovely lady who asked me whether she could be of assistance. I explained that I simply wanted to have a look around. She was very welcoming and pointing towards a vast array of leaflets in almost all of this world's languages, asked me whether I wanted any information on the Cathedral and what language I wanted the information to be in. I took one of the English leaflets and was on my way. And this is what I learned:


            ***The history of Liverpool Cathedral***

            Liverpool Cathedral is 102 years old. In 1901, the decision to build a cathedral for the Diocese of Liverpool was made. A number of architects tendered for the contract to build this cathedral. Giles Gilbert Scott won the competition to be the architect. In 1904, King Edward VII laid the foundation stone to the cathedral. What followed were years of building and it was only in 1910 that the Lady Chapel was completed and accessible for worship.

            In 1924, the High Altar, Chancel and the Eastern Transcepts were consecrated, forming the first section of the main Cathedral. Giles Gilbert Scott then changed his mind about his original design. He abandoned plans to build two towers and instead decided to build one larger tower over a wide central space. This second phase of building was completed by 1941 when the Cathedral under the tower was used for the very first time.

            Building works continued during the Second World War (1939-1945), however, it was significantly slowed down. Although many of the buildings in Liverpool were severely damaged by bombs, the Cathedral stood firm and hardly experienced very little damage. In fact, one bomb penetrated the roof space, but was deflected and exploded in the street outside. The only damage was caused to the windows on the riverside of the building.

            The building was finally completed in 1978, when the dedication of the West end of the Cathedral took place in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II. The Cathedral continued to evolve post-completion, with various furnishings added.

            The Cathedral is a massive 169 feet (189 m) long spanning across an area of 104,275 square feet (9688 square metres). The tower is 331 feet (101 metres) tall. At 219 feet (67 metres) bells in the tower are the high


            ***A tour of the Cathedral***

            I first entered into the central space and choir area, which in itself does not have much to offer other than four rather impressive paintings of the Parables, which were donated to Liverpool Cathedral by the Jerusalem Trust in 1996. A couple of the paintings have been hung in such a way that they simply glow and are given an almost life-like feeling. Continuing straight ahead, towards the back of the Cathedral, is the Impressive High Altar.

            Walking up the steps and passed the prayer benches to either side of the High Altar, pausing to admire some more of the impressive Parable paintings, you can choose to take the exit to your right to reach the Lady Chapel, located in the south east corner of the Cathedral, where the most impressive feature is none other than a statue of the Virgin Mary, created by 16th century sculptor Giovanni della Robbia and donated to the Cathedral in 1929. There are also portrait windows of the Noble Women on the West wall of the Lady Chapel, showing women such as Grace Darling, Elizabeth Fry and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

            The Lady Chapel has its own organ and is used regularly for morning services, weddings and funerals that are held at the Cathedral from time to time. It is the darkest and most gloomy place within the whole Cathedral, but it also has a distinct air of tranquility, which I suppose is very inviting to reflect upon life and to say a few prayers.

            In the far northeast corner of the Cathedral, there lies Chapter House. Far less impressive than the Lady Chapel, its most interesting attraction is a painting called "Calvary". Painted in 1998, it is a modern painting of Christ's crucifixion. Against a purple and dark background, the painting depicts the silhouette of Christ on the cross. Looking closely, you can make out the image of a dog, looking up at Christ. The whole image conveys a feeling of loneliness and desertion, which no doubt Christ must have experienced at that very moment.

            Other than the War Memorial Chapel, exhibiting a statue reminding us fiercely of the two World Wars, visitors can opt to visit the Nave Triforium, which contains the Embroidery Gallery and is accessible via the lift to the tower. I did not have the pleasure to visit these facilities, which apparently exhibit a collection of Victorian and Edwardian ecclesiastical embroidery and apparently also offer breathtaking views into the Cathedral. Access to the tower and the Embroidery Gallery is not free - adults pay £4.25 for the privilege to access the tower and concession tickets are available at £2.50. To reach the top, visitors take two consecutive lifts and walk 108 steps - but the journey is well worth the magnificent views over Liverpool and the Cathedral that are available from the various levels. On a good day, from the very top, you can have a view reaching as far as Blackpool Tower and the Welsh Hills. You will simply regret leaving your camera at home.

            On the way out of the Cathedral, a stop by the Book & Gift Shop may well be worth your while. The shop offers a selection of books (both religious and non-religious in nature, for example children's books) souvenirs (such as key chains, pencils and chocolates), records, cards, pictures and church and clerical equipment.

            And for those who feel the urge to refresh themselves, the refectory offers late breakfast, morning coffee with scones and cakes, home prepared lunch and afternoon tea.


            ***Time to say good-bye***

            On my way out, I could not help but stop to talk to the lovely lady who had presented me with information on Liverpool Cathedral on the way in. I told her that I had come here by pure coincidence and that I was glad I had made the trip. She was happy to hear my positive comments and asked me whether I would like to sign the guestbook. I took the pain from her to write down my name and comment when I spotted some of the names of people who had visited before me. They were from all over the world. New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, the United States - simply an international collection of individuals.

            "You get visitors from all over the world here!" I exclaimed.
            "Oh, yes, we do. Last week we had 100 youths from Jutland visiting us."
            "It is an impressive building", I said.
            To which she replied: "There is only one word to describe it. Awesome."

            I fully agree.


            ***Further information***


            «Traveling to Liverpool Cathedral«

            *By rail and on foot*

            The nearest station is Liverpool Lime Street. Follow the sign-postings to "Cathedrals". It is about a 20 minute walk in total - 15 minutes up Renshaw Street. Walk up Mount Pleasant Street, then turn right into Hope Street from where you will be able to spot the Cathedral and find it easily. The entrance to the Cathedral is on Upper Duke Street.

            *By bus*

            If you do not fancy walking, catch a bus from Paraside Bus Depot in the City Centre. You can take bus routes 20, 32(a), 82(a-c), 83 or 182 and alight at Great George Street and then transfer to Smart Bus 4, which will take you straight to Upper Duke Street.

            *By car*

            From the M6, leave at Junction 21A and take M62 (East) for Liverpool. Once you reach the City Centre, follow the signs to "Cathedral". Access from Chesire and Birkenhead is via the tunnels, which cost £1.20 each way.

            There is car parking available at the Cathedral for a charge of £1.


            «Tours«

            Tours of the Cathedral are available free of charge during the day from 10am - 4pm Monday to Friday and from 10am - 1.30pm on Saturday. Evening tours are available on request. No Sunday tours are available. For booking information visit:

            http://www.liverpoolcathedral.org.uk/visitors/contact.asp


            «Opening times«

            The main Cathedral is open daily from 8 am to 6 pm.

            The Cathedral tower is normally open during these times, but may be closed due to bad weather. It is also closed Good Friday, December 24-26, plus occasional days for major cathedral services/events & New Years Day.


            «Website«

            www.liverpoolcathedral.org.uk

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              17.03.2006 00:57
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              A Magnificent 20th Century Cathedral

              John Betjeman once described Liverpool Anglican Cathedral as 'one of the great buildings of the world' and it is great. It is the largest cathedral in Britain and 5th largest in the world. The sandstone neo-gothic structure is a formidable sight on the Liverpool skyline. The cathedral possesses the highest gothic arches and the bells in the tower have the highest and heaviest peal in the world. There are two pipe organs in the Cathedral. The Grand Organ is the largest in the United Kingdom and probably the largest operational organ in the world with 9765 pipes. Despite these impressive features an overseas friend of mine, during the course of a guided tour of the city, still described it as a rather 'kitsch' building... I excused him on the fact that he was a German.


              +++History+++
              The construction of the cathedral spanned almost a century. It was designed by Giles Gilbert Scott (known as Scotty the Bricky to locals), a Victorian designer also famous for the design of red telephone boxes and the famous Battersea Power Station popularised by Pink Floyd. It is somewhat ironic that the Protestant Anglican Cathedral was designed by a Roman Catholic architect. The Foundation Stone of the cathedral was laid by King Edward VII in 1904 at a large open-air service. When the service finished, a choir of a thousand voices sang the Hallelujah Chorus from Handel's Messiah.

              Despite two World Wars, countless economic depressions, a Catholic cathedral being built literally at the other end of the same street (known locally as Paddy's Wigwam) and Liverpool FC getting relegated to the second division in the 1950s, the work on the construction of the Cathedral never ceased. There were serious delays during the First World War, but the High Altar, Chancel and Eastern Transepts were still completed. It was also a miracle that the Cathedral avoided any serious damage when the city was ravaged by the bombs of the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. A single solitary bomb did to crash through the roof, but it was deflected out through a wall and exploded in a street outside, breaking only the windows on the river side.

              It was in the presence of King George V and Queen Mary in 1924 that the Cathedral was finally consecrated. The tower was finished during the war when on the 20th February 1942 when Sir Giles Gilbert Scott positioned the final stone at the top of the grand gothic tower that stretches three hundred and thirty one feet one and half inches (don't forget the half) above the Cathedral floor. However, it was not until the 25th October 1978 that there was a grand thanksgiving ceremony in the presence of Queen Lizzy II to mark the completion of the Cathedral (You might notice that the only time Kings and Queens come to Liverpool is when there is some sort of a gig going on at the Anglican).

              During the early 1990's the area in front of the Cathedral was transformed from urban dereliction into a new housing estate and in 1991 the Queen (Lizzy II) formerly opened the Queen's Walk. Personally I preferred the dereliction. The housing in front of the cathedral is totally uncomplimentary, bland and soulless. The dereliction was complimentary to the gothic edifice and added an eerie character to the area.


              +++The Interior+++
              The grand entrance to the cathedral is rather spoilt by a large statue of the modern tradition that stands perched above the door way. I think it's supposed to be Jesus but every time I see it I'm reminded of Mr Bean. The space inside this building is simply overwhelming. Light floods in through beautiful stained glass windows and behind the altar hangs a large golden carving depicting scenes from the last supper and the crucifixion. You might observe the rather feminine quality of the figure sat next to Jesus. It is possible sometimes to have access to the top of tower from where you will have some magnificent views of the city and across the river towards Wales on a clear day.

              Unfortunately like many such historical buildings and mythological sites up and down the country the interior space is violated by the ubiquitous gift shop selling useless trinkets and plastic crucifixes (How Cromwell must be turning in his grave). I believe all forms of consumerism inside any house of God is an unholy and blasphemous act and should be outlawed immediately. Whatever happened to free Bibles?


              +++The Graveyard+++
              At the back of the Cathedral is the most wonderful and rather creepy Victorian graveyard; St James Cemetery. Not many people know about this and those that know rarely enter. There is a tunnel lined with head stones that leads you in. Here you will find the gravestones of some of the merchant families that lived in the city when it was, next to London, the second biggest city in the world. Some of the gravestones are single graves shared by poor orphan children of the tragic Victorian era. There is also a central monument, a memorial to Liverpool MP William Huskisson; the world's first recorded victim of a train accident. He was run over and killed by the locomotive Dart on the opening day of the Liverpool to Manchester Railway on 15 September 1830.

              I dare you to enter there at dusk and stand still amongst the tombs whilst staring up at the monolithic gothic edifice towering upwards into the encroaching night. There is also a secret hidden amongst the tombs. At the far end of the grave yard lies an unmarked grave, unmarked that is, except for an engraving, I am not sure what it is but to me it looked like a hobgoblin. I only saw it once one moonlit night, it really freaked me out. I've been back on a few occasions during sunny daylight hours, but despite prolonged searches, I've never managed to find it again. I dare not return after dusk.


              +++Getting to the Cathedral+++
              The Anglican Cathedral is located on St James Road at the end of the appropriatly named Hope Street. If you attempt to make it to the Cathedral on foot from the city centre then be prepared for a bit of a slog as it's a rather uphill trek. There's also the risk of getting lost up a side street and finding yourself being accosted by a lady (I use the word 'lady' in the broadest terms) of the night (they work day shifts too) or even worse, you might meet an Australian couple who'll ask you for directions to the Beatles Museum.

              +++By Car+++
              From M6 North or South, leave at Junction 21A and take M62 (West) for Liverpool. At the end of the M62, follow the signs for City Centre and then for 'Cathedrals'. From Cheshire, follow signs to Liverpool via Tunnels, there is a £1.20 toll each way. When reaching Liverpool follow signs to city centre and 'Cathedrals'.

              +++Car Parking+++
              Car Parking is available at the Cathedral, with a charge of £1. Multi storey car parking is available nearer the city centre in Mount Pleasant and in neighbouring Duke Street. There is some limited free street parking available, but it's mostly on a pay-and-display basis.

              +++Price+++
              Entry to the cathedral is free of charge, but donations are invited - £3.00 (Euro4/$5US) is suggested. Prices for the Tower are £4.25 with concessions at £2.50. A family ticket for up to 2 adults and 3 children is £10.00.

              Cathedral Address:
              St James Mount
              Liverpool
              Merseyside
              L1 7AZ

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