â€ś Public transport within Berlin is provided by the S-Bahn (331.5 km net length/ 375.8 million passengers in 2006) Â—operated by S-Bahn Berlin GmbHÂ—and by the U-Bahn (144.2 km/ 456.8 million), StraĂźenbahn (187.7 km/ 171.3 million), Bus (1626 km/ 407.1 million), and ferriesÂ—operated by the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe, or BVG. The S-Bahn is a mostly overground urban railway system. The U-Bahn is the city's mainly underground rail system. The StraĂźenbahn or tram (trolley) system operates almost exclusively in the eastern part of the city. Buses provide extensive service linking outlying districts with the city center and to the U-Bahn and S-Bahn. Almost all means of public transportÂ— U- & S- Bahn, trams, buses and most ferriesÂ—can be accessed with the same ticket. There is usually no need to show or scan one's ticket, except on buses; however, plain clothes transit authorities officials frequently conduct random checks in which they board a vehicle and demand that everyone on board show their ticket. Anyone who does not produce a valid ticket is given a Â€40 fine. The second component of Berlin's rail network is the S-Bahn ring (Ringbahn) that forms a circle around the inner city and crosses the main line at Westkreuz (Â“west crossingÂ”) and Ostkreuz (Â“east crossingÂ”). A number of regional and regional express lines connect Berlin with the surrounding region. The last one is the s-bahn connection from South to North stopping at SĂĽdkreuz and Gesundbrunnen, two of the largest trainstations in Berlin. The city is also served by the freight rail yard at Seddin, south of Potsdam. There are useful online resources for getting around Berlin using public transport, such as the route planner or a map of the current public transport network. â€ž
In Berlin a very useable Transport system was etablished since the early 20th Century. Many various Transport vehicles and Tariffs can worry you, so i try to inform you about it. * The Vehicles * S-Bahn (City Train, marked by the big S-letter in a green circle) The most popular and usefull form of Transport in Berlin. The Stations are well placed around the interessting places in Berlin. Mostly drive upper earth, so you have a good glance too. After the unite of east and west, the closed Stations in west Berlin are re-opened and this Railsystem was renovate very well. You can also reach the very distant districts of Berlin by this Railway-System. U-Bahn (Underground Train, marked by the big U-letter in a blue square) Very Fast Transport Vehicle, not so extensive like S-Bahn, but very usefull in the west part of Berlin, cause the west part has concentrate its Transport-System for U-Bahn before unite. The Stations in east part wasnÂ´t mostly renovate since today and are very dirty, also not very extensive in east part. Bus (marked by the big BUS-word in a red square, Stations have an white square sign with an big yellow circle on it, in wich a green H-letter appears) Very comfortable for short distance trips. for long distances take an U-Bahn or S-Bahn Train, they are much faster. The traffic on the streets is partially very heavy, so the busses have to stand long times. For Berlin visitors that use an Airport to get here, very usefull Bus-Lines has been etablished with long distances between the stations, so you can get very fast to the centrum (east and west centrum), these lines are marked by an X-letter before an Number (for example X11). Tram / Strassenbahn (This is a mix of Bus and Train. Drives on streets, marked by the big TRAM-word in a red square, the Stations are marked at the same way like the Bus-Stations) Not comfortable, very long standing times in the heavy traffic at centrum o
f east Berlin. Tram are only etablished in the east part, cause the east part has concentrate its Transport-System to Tram and S-Bahn before unite. Usefull to get into the real estate districts in east Berlin like HohenschĂ¶nhausen or Marzahn. A Trip with this Vehicle can be horrible at business times. Reginalbahn (Railway to reach towns around Berlin) Stations in Berlin are for example: Lichtenberg, Ostbahnhof, Spandau, Charlottenbug, Zoologischer Garten, and many more. The advantage of Berlins Transport-System is, that you can also reach Towns and villages around Berlin with the Same ticket you are using innercity. You only have to take attention of this: when you buy a ticket the Tariff must be "ABC" (explained later), so you can use Trains too, which takes you to Potsdam or other Towns located around Berlin. Generally i can say that you donÂ´t have to wait long for a vehicle at business times (mostly only 2-5 minutes), after 8PM it can takes between 5 and 20 minutes. After 1 AM most Transports will be closed, so you can get problems to reach some districts of Berlin, or you need much more time to reach your destination. Take also attention to this: The Bus-Lines are changing their route after 1 AM, when the Busses wearing an N-letter before the Number (for example N91), it means Night-Bus, the route has changed then. Also take attention that many Bus and Tram Stations are for more then one Lines dedicated, somtimes they are for Bus and Tram at the same time, remember your needed line very well. * Tariffs * I display you the prices in DEM, please check the exchange to pounds. Tariffs are changing very often in Berlin, write me an e-mail or take note of the link below, if you would like to know the actual prices. The city was divide in 3 Tariff-zones called A,B and C. A means innercity, B the outer districts and C the Towns and Villages around Berlin located in Brandenburg. You can buy tickets for A+B, B+C
or A+B+C, additionally an upgrade Ticket for A and C. You can use your Ticket always in all Vehicles for the specified time. 2-Hour Ticket. Costs for A+B or B+C 4 DEM, for ABC it costs 4,50 DEM. 1 Day Ticket. Costs for A+B 8,70 DEM, for B+C 8,80 DEM, for ABC 9,90 DEM. 7 Day Ticket. Costs for A+B 42 DEM, for B+C 44 DEM, for A+B+C 52 DEM. 1 Month Ticket. Costs for A+B 105 DEM, for B+C 109 DEM, for A+B+C 130 DEM. HintÂ´s: For those, who come a longer Time to Berlin i highly recommend the 7 Day ticket. If you only want to visit once an Town outside Berlin, take an Ticket for A+B and buy an additional C Ticket for your unique trip. There is available an cheaper Tariff for childs under 14 years, childs under 6 years are free. Also special Group Tariffs available. Along with some events, for example the Loveparade, other special Tariffs will be build. Baggages are Free, an Bicycle costs the Tariff of one Person. Tickets are available at all U-Bahn and S-Bahn Stations at slot-machines and sometimes at Counters too, in busses you can buy tickets from the driver, at Tram only at slot-machines inside the vehicle. Note this: When you are buy an Ticket, you have to depreciate it first by using an red box located in the near of the slot-machine or at the entrance of stations, Tickets that you buy from bus-drivers not need to be depreciate. Keep your Ticket always with you, sometimes it will be controlled from inspectors. Someone probably now think, the prices are very cheap, they arenÂ´t. Berlin has the highest costs for Transport in Germany. To take you in it: for 5 - 10 DEM i can buy Food for 1 Person/1 Day. For additional Information about the Transport in Berlin, Route-Planing, and actual Tariffs please visit this very good Website (the link takes you directly to the english version): http://www.bvg.de/e_index.html P.S. For information about my bad English visit my Profile :)
Why can't our own cities learn from the likes of Berlin? The public transport in this city is cheap, clean and reliable. The system is integrated, so you can buy a period ticket (at a bargain price) that will cover you on the buses, trams (S-Bahn) and underground (U-Bahn). After buying a ticket it doesn't become active until you validate it - make sure you do, because the penalties for travelling without a valid ticket are severe. Of course, you can always do the 'stupid English tourist' bit, but I don't recommend it! You don't normally need to actually show the ticket, which makes getting on and off the various vehicles much quicker than in this country. Occasionally someone will come around and check them, so have it handy. Buses on the major routes are sometimes crowded, but they are clean and run frequently. The S-Bahn is more reliable, but there aren't that many of these. For longer journeys use the U-Bahn network, which criss-crosses the city much as the London system does but is much cleaner! Both major city airports only a short journey from the centre by bus. This is what ALL public transport should be like!!!